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creating a illusion of depth by its size reduction is one policy or one device that we have already tried ah so there is certain recession that should take place ah as ah you know one object is going farther away and we are trying to give our audience ah that feel that the space is going deeper so ah there we are reducing the size but to get it perfected ah we need to also know how much reduction is actually taking place there so if you just go by general perception that’ll give you a general sense of ah depth in a space but to make it perfect and scientific we take another device which is very popular that is known as linear perspective and ah that is very attractive that was a characteristic feature of fifteenth century and actually the sixteenth century renaissance take a bit of a knowledge from the renaissance linear perspective and let’s explore it in the given space so ah this is how our eye sees things that ah you know there is a special recession that takes place so if the ah the object is close to our eye it will appear larger as our eye moves back the object will look smaller so there’s a recession in space that takes place and after a point very interestingly everything will meet into a point and we call it it’s like quite well known as the vanishing point so this vanishing point is the point from where nothing can be seen any more so in the vanishing point everything will meet into a point and disappear afterwards so let’s see how it works ah for example if we take a space which is an interior of a room where all the ah lines will meet into a point because we see it from a particular angle ah it’s more like we work as ah like how the human eye works so we see things we stand somewhere and ah then from there we try to see the other objects so if this is ah the orthogonal or the helping lines that is created ah in the given area in this picture ah i’ll just show you how it works so you may follow it for your references so if this is a room we can make one wall of the room so if this is the wall we know that this is the vanishing point that we have created now this vanishing point is getting blocked by a wall because this part is blocked so just to get ah another layer of it ah we make choose to create a window from the [vocalized-noise] same surface so there’s one opening it has a window this is just a cut ah now maybe this is one wall every time we are making the diagram we need to consider ah this vanishing point and all line should come from here because none of the line can ah be parallel all line has to meet somewhere compulsorily so it goes here it joins you continue the line and then we get one part of the ceiling similarly another line from here that is meeting at the vanishing point will create another part of this ceiling so this particular area will work as a ceiling and then similarly we will draw the floor so this area will work as a floor that’s one wall and will have a view point following the same order so as ah we remember we have created one window we can also choose to create another window on this wall of the same size

how to get that so all these lines will be parallel to each other which were located in a vertical order and all the horizontal lines has to be meeting somewhere so they have to be meeting somewhere at the point that we call the vanishing point however this is another opening let’s make ah another [vocalized-noise] opening to the other side ah if not a window anymore there should also be a door so i’ll make a door from this side and see all these lines are parallel to each other as it goes deeper it comes to a closer proximity so that’s the door they cannot be similar in size because there will be the special recession that is taking place because of the size reduction because of the recession in the space so our door is made there are two windows we can also choose to make a bed following the same order so if we at all have a bed ah at the right side of the ah surface we need to consider the floor because bed cannot ah go anywhere on top of the wall so it has to be grounded on the floor so let’s make another line to get the height of the bed now this is the bed again each and every line that we are deciding to draw has to follow the same order it has to meet at the vanishing point so this is the bed that we have created in one side ah let’s put a pillow to give it a better look so this is the kind of a bed ah it can have other furniture’s other things also but let’s not get diverted with that lets work on the window first so that’s the open window and now we have all the lines to guide us to get it perfect they cannot be parallel keep that in mind [noise] so there’s a open window this is the bed the pillow [noise] and ah this is a door so let’s ah extend the floor a little more and also make the floor pattern to get the special depth now all this lines on the floor should be parallel to each other as it goes deeper it’ll come close and that is because of the vertical location that we discussed in the earlier that it follows a vertical order right so when it goes in the vertical order [noise] it should also reduce in size so all these lines are becoming parallel and the distance between the lines are reducing so this is the floor to make it ah even more prominent we can use some interesting features like making it alternatively ah black and

white like a chess board that’s the pattern of our floor look how deep its getting in [noise] and how perfect the depth is [noise] i’ll take some time to show this so that you can also do it with me [noise] it’s not difficult but one needs to be a little more particular [noise] because it’s not how we look at things it’s not only how we look at things but also how we know the things are so it’s a combination of our knowledge and understanding and that’s a typical of renaissance that we know the science of it how it works [noise] so when we say we’re making something perfect we’re trying to go to the logic of each and everything and solve the problem by looking thinking and doing all together so this way the spaces is slowly going very very deep and that’s the room created i think you are happy and you are convinced that you know the drawing is perfect there’s is nothing that is gone wrong so far ah but we know ah we we can create it ah even more interesting by erasing of all this unnecessary things now that is not needed they were there to help us out now that we are done with that we can always erase it off because ah there’s no need to show all these things they are not there in the surface they are there to just keep ourself on track so they are like the grades [noise] so i have removed some of the lines which were not needed and we can also use this ah the window maybe we can show ah beautiful landscape ah beyond the window where [vocalized-noise] we can place some greenery so we can have a row of tree a beautiful landscape we can also show a suggestion of road ah a footpath ah everything is meeting into a point so this is another part of the road ah we can make some buildings some markets some shops following the same line same order we can also show a far away mountain that will finally block our vision so we have a far away mountain and i think we must also have a blue sky [noise] so this is a successful example to a one point perspective but remember that i said it’s

a successful example of a one point perspective but this is not all we cannot just be satisfied with this much because there are many other things to explore here now what we are still not able to discover from this drawing is something which is very severe if i tell you you’ll get to know now ah let’s ask ourself a question that if at tall we will have to make the other surface of this window or to show the thickness of this wall how thick the wall is how to solve the problem how will you know that how thick this other wall is where it’s going deeper if it’s a open window we should also have the right idea of how the recession is taking place in the other order so that puts us under some other challenge so i’ll try to show it in ah another diagram here that you have one object here which is ah perhaps this pic and you will have to show the other surface of it and you have no clue how the recession will be at the other side because we have no clue where the vanishing point is placed at the other side so what we need what we require here is another point and that will complete our knowledge that will make it more scientific so that we need another device that is to get a completion of our knowledge to work with two point perspective because when we see things it’s not just one point that we consider but there is always another point so let’s place the two points on one horizontal line they will have to be in one line because we just have a pair of eyes and we see things together so if they are the orthogonals now to help us out let’s see how we can make use of it so with this kind of lines it makes us ah like it becomes much easier to make surfaces like this may be ah as like if we take reference from the earlier drawing ah that was also very interesting ah that you know how to get the other side of the window so let’s see it in a different way so this is ah one part now we know ah how the other part of the building should look like so when we have a building of this size we should know that if this is the surface this should be the other part of it whether it’s a window or a full fledged building it can be just a around corner and we have all the clue so all this lines are meeting here we can successfully use all this lines make one area like the opening as we did for the earlier drawing and now these are the line that are going to tell us let’s do it with a different color to make it easier for you that the line here to get the thickness of or like to know the depth of it we need to join it elsewhere so this is the direction this is how it’s going and that’s the direction it’ll tell us how this line should go we will join this line and will get the other surface similarly we’ll join this line we’ll get the other surface of it now you can easily say that ah let’s do it with another color to make it clear so this is the depth of the window very clear to our remind the other surface right and that way you know how deep the space is ah we can again do away with ah the points which are not needed because all this lines are helpful but they can also create confusion if you do not erase them on time so let’s erase of all these parts let’s get it clear and this is a decent example of a two point perspective drawing now let’s another we make another window from

the other surface to give it a complete look so if this is the size of the window ah let’s do it this way so you have ah a few other line that are passing through it so this is one of the building we get the other surface of it ah you are free to make another one on the same road maybe because you know how the directions are going so you follow the same direction you have all this line extended that’ll give you a direction you can have even more points it’s up to you how much you are using so ah this way you can create another area with more buildings that are going towards a vanishing point you can also make a surface a landscape with some trees slowly reducing in size to the other side of the road you can have the tree trunks following the same order if they are same in size they’ll slowly reduce we can also create ah footpath using the same device it may or may not met into a point and let’s not forget our earlier landscape with the mountain at the solute so these are the possibilities of ah a two point perspective the use of two point perspective lets clear of certain part and make it look more convincing [noise] so this is how the landscapes are so these are the example of two point perspective from here we can also ah go for further detail as ah we called it ah you know like we use this devices as foreshortening so it comes at the foreground and it goes back so there’s a shortening that is taking place because most of the middle ground is missing so actually the part from here to here if its x and y the length of x and y will be reduced so if the length of x and y was ah around eleven feet in foreshortening it will reduce and it can become nine feet or eight feet or even lesser as it comes towards u it becomes lesser in size so that is all about foreshortening and you can also reduce this foreshortening or ah increase the foreshortening and get an amplified effect like as we know that you put your hand forward and ah you also ah can manipulate you can take it slightly larger to amplify the effect to exaggerate the effect so all this one point two point perspective will lead you to a better knowledge to foreshortening how much shortening is actually taking place and also for ah many other things like amplification exaggeration it can also help you in a highly expressionistic ah visual representation it’s not that we are only capturing the naturalistic norms but through this ah we can get amazing results

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