Ali- Fiskars: Sponge Bob. Bob in the background Kelsey – Fiskars: Hi everyone. Welcome. Welcome. Thanks for joining us today. We are so excited to have all of you guys present and join us for this class we have a fantastic project, they’re going to take you through the great instructor Kelsey – Fiskars: Say I’m joined by Philip Oh dang. Oh, who is an internationally renowned and award winning cosplayer Kelsey – Fiskars: One of his first projects was an Edward Scissorhands that he made out of garbage bags and old pizza boxes. Since then, Philip has designed and displayed numerous costumes that have been displayed around the world Kelsey – Fiskars: He’s taught at different workshops universities maker spaces around the globe. He’s been featured in GQ New York Times Disney and even Forbes, just to name a few Kelsey – Fiskars: So I’m super excited to be joined today by Philip before I turn it over to him. I do want to just suggest that Kelsey – Fiskars: We have this a very interactive class for you guys today. Feel free to use the comment box Kelsey – Fiskars: both myself and Allie, who you’ll see we are both from Fisk ours. We will be helping to answer any questions that you guys have Kelsey – Fiskars: Related to the product. The project or cosplay in general. So we’ll be able to stop them up as well to answer them. So feel free. Put your comments and questions into that comment box and we’ll be sure to get to them. So I’ll turn it over to you Philip: Thank you so much. And thank you for having me. My name is Philip NGO, I also go by cannabis cosplay. I have been a creator and I make her for over 10 years. Now sometimes you just kind of all these count after a while Philip: I’ve been involved in the professional theatre community in production and design and I have also competed and judged numerous caused by competitions Philip: All over the world. And as I mentioned, I also am a teaching artists and I’ve really enjoyed the, the idea of being able to be creatively self expressive Philip: And utilizing the tools and the materials to kind of make your creation come to life. And so with today’s class will be exploring how to make a foam sword using materials and tools that you can find Philip: At your local Michaels and using cutting utensils cutting cutting tools from this cars as well Philip: So this class is going to be set up as a walkthrough on how I was able to achieve making a sword that was inspired Philip: By frost morn from the World of Warcraft. It is smaller than frost horns and so that one is almost like nine feet long Philip: So with this particular class. I’m going to show you how the tools and the materials work together. So when you walk into a Michaels, and you’re looking at the cosplay section Philip: You know, how does the phone. And how do the tools work together in order to kind of create whatever sword that you have in mind Philip: I’ll be covering today, different types of Evie, a foam that you can find at Michael’s and also how to prepare the surfaces and seal the surfaces for crafting Philip: The different types of adhesives that are used in putting together and joining from pieces. And also, I’ll be touching on painting as part of the process of creating and designing your, your piece Philip: And what you’ll find in the chat is that there is a course pack a PDF where I everything that I’m going over today is indicated on a slide on different slides and also linked to the different products and materials that I am going to be covering today Philip: You’ll also find a link to different rabbinic fox that you’ll be able to download and use and print out or use it as creative inspiration for making your own runes and also be able to download the template Philip: Which is a file that you can print out on multiple sheets of paper where you can trace onto foam any silhouette of the sword and cut it out for yourself so that resource will be available to you through the chat Philip: And as just as mentioned that if you have any questions they’ll please put it in the chat and they will ask it as we go along Philip: Now I want to talk about tips for planning the build of your sword or your prop or even your costume. When you’re thinking about your Philip: Idea for design start off by sketching your design onto paper and then think about the measurements of how large you want this to be. I mentioned that Frost morning in the video game World of Warcraft is very long, it’s about seven to nine feet long. And so this is approximately two Philip: Two feet two and a half feet long. And so when you’re thinking about the amount of material and supplies, you’re going to need

Philip: It’s easy for you. It’s much easier if you sketch it out and start taking some measurements Philip: Of how how big the dimensions you want it to be kind of a great tip is to measure twice, and cut once. And so they’ll help you with cutting down on your Philip: Expenditures for your budgets and supplies and what you want to do is when you’re thinking about the overall dimensions of your prop Philip: That helps you plan and budget, the materials tools and the time that you’re going to need in order to create your prop Philip: There’s also some consideration as you’re in the planning phase on what elements are structural and what elements are more detail. And when I say structural as we go through the Evie, a foam types Philip: You’ll understand you know what pieces you’ll need to reinforce will serve as a reinforcement and some what pieces will also serve as more artistic details for your prop Philip: And then lastly, as you’re gathering your materials and making the time for crafting it a part of planning your build is to really remember how much fun that you’re having doing it Philip: Sometimes we get caught up in the tediousness of, how do I do something, technically, and trying to get it right the first time Philip: But part of cosplay is the play part. And that’s an important part to remember as you’re thinking about your build you know how to enjoy it as well. Not every Philip: Piece is going to be a competition piece. And so, you know, sometimes you just want to make a profit for yourself, you want to make a sword for yourself that you want to play with and Philip: Take photos with and that’s all fun too. So as we’re going through this. Just keep in mind that you know when you’re doing something for yourself. It’s because you love doing it Philip: And that’s what Michaels spending all about is doing it yourself, creating it for yourself. Alright, so let’s talk about Philip: Evie, a foam. Now you may have heard of the phrase Evie, a foam thrown around. But you’re wondering what is it actually Philip: Well, it’s probably go into your garage or a yoga studio or somewhere in your house, you probably have floor mats and that is Philip: Kind of the basic idea of what foam is it is ethylene vinyl acetate and so it is basically just a large Spanish. And so when you go into a Michaels, you will see phone roles that look like this. And the cosplayer section. So these phone roles Philip: Are basically large sponges and become in various sicknesses and densities. So density is an important aspect in working with thumb because it Philip: Will help reinforce the strength of what you’re building. And so in Michaels, you have several different densities that are available Philip: The largest or thickest of which is 12 millimeter Evie, a foam and this sort of foam is approximately half an inch Philip: Thick and it’s great for using for chest plates for shields for a thicker pieces that require more dense structure Philip: And it’s also great for working with for for phones sword as well. If you reinforce it. You can double it Philip: The other size down from 12 millimeter is eight millimeter Evie, a foam and then you also have four millimeter foam. And then we get down to two millimeter and even down to one millimeter craft foam so you have different sizes, you can work with Philip: at Michael’s and what you’ll find the film roles in the closet by section Philip: So four millimeter to 12 millimeter is use largely for structural pieces that can be layered on top of each other. So if you’re working to build a sword or a shield or a chess piece or even a headpiece, you’ll want to use the denser Philip: Thickness Evie, a foam. You can also use the four millimeter two millimeter for creating more detailed pieces. So if you’re making some filigree on armor Philip: If you’re making some intricate smaller designs that are cutting out with a this curse tool you can use this thinner foam for making those designs Philip: And then you have craft foam, which is really great for just the top layer of design. So what you’re going to be using this for for any particular detail work that just requires just a minimum amount of product

Philip: Now, being able to work with a phone. You’re also able to use different types of dowels and I constructed this particular sword using several dowels and let me introduce to you some of the Dallas, you’ll find in gentlemen. So you have your traditional tubular Philip: Tao, which is a it’s approximately two feet long and it is a fully circular dial here. And what’s great is that you can bend it, you can shape it is dense so Philip: It’s great for reinforcement and I use these for the handles of the phone. So you’ll see it here is that I’ve used Philip: This particular dial as part of the handle in the structure of it. You also have a half doll, which looks like a semi circle and this particular dial is also great for Philip: For just using top level pieces if you just need some reinforcing pieces you can join two together to create to create a whole battle Philip: And so if you want to create some sort of strengthening, you can use Philip: Some a wood piece or even like a kind of a paint stir stir to put in the center or even a wooden dowel. If you want to cut out a channel in the center Philip: As a way to reinforce it. So it doesn’t bend. So you have you have this half hour as well. And then what I like to use is this this type of data, which is a triangular Philip: Phone dial and what’s great about a train your phone dial is that you can layer them together. You can you can adhere them together to create kind of cool shapes and cool angles Philip: And as you can. As you can see, they’re all cut at a 45 degree angle. So you can join them together to create various shapes and I’ll talk a little bit more about cutting into foam Philip: Some additional phone that you’re going to find in Michaels is modeling foam in the cosmic community. We call this foam clay because it really does feel like Philip: Like foam clay and what this does is that it is almost like a kind of like a Plato type consistency and you can use this for sculpting little details. So if you wanted to create, you know, some Philip: Jewelry or or cygnets or even like little gemstones. You can use foam clay to create bows and what will happen is that this, this requires an overnight cure Philip: Is that you can use it to sit overnight and it will function like regular Evie, a foam, which means that you can glue it you can eventually Sandy. You can seal it do everything that you do with Evie, a foam, but in a much more Philip: Kind of a elaborate fashion. And what’s great about foam as a modeling tool is that you can also use the evil, Ted Philip: cosplay molds that are available in the cosplay section. And for this particular design of my sword. I use the dragon Philip: I use the dragon mold Philip: To create the dragons on the sword itself. So you see some of these details here Philip: These dragons were created with the evil Ted cosplay mold and what you do is you take the modeling phone Philip: And then you press it right into the mold Philip: Like so Philip: You want to use as much of the foam as possible to fill in all of the gaps and just use your fingers to work your way into Philip: The already fabricated mold designed by evil, Ted Philip: And when you go into the store, you’ll find different types of molds, not just dragons. You’ve got heroes what cogs got different shapes Philip: And you can also use this with baking molds as well because these are all silicone cheats and they were very much the same way as if you were making a cookie Philip: And then you stuff that in there and you let it sit overnight, because you want this to take shape and to air dry. And when it is dry you pop it out of the mold Philip: And then use it as needed for your design. So it will look something like that

Let’s see if we can get a Philip: Better idea of how it’s used Philip: And so I use three of the Dragon molds here to create the Philip: Dragons ON THE SWORD NOW fun tip is that you can also use this particular mode because it is silicone with a hot glue gun and what’s great about it is that this will come out as an EV a foam Philip: Mold but if you use a hot glue gun, which is basically plastic. You can use that to fill in here, into the Philip: Just like that Philip: And I’ll take a few glue sticks. So it’d be patient with it. And please be safe when handling anything that’s hot. So Philip: When you fill in the mode receptacle itself you can let it sit overnight, and if you are impatient, like me, you can stick it in the freezer and it will cool much quicker. And then when you’re when it’s fully cold, it will become opaque almost Philip: gray or white, and then you can pop it out and then use that as a piece. So a lot of folks use this method to create gemstones as well. There’s a whole process of model of Philip: sculpting and casting different types of gemstones. But this is a quick and easy way of being able to use the cosplay molds, in order to create some structural pieces decorative pieces for your sword Philip: So put that one aside. And so remember that the phone. This particular phone takes about 24 hours to fully cure. So make sure that you make time Philip: In between your process is to let it sit and let it cure. And for those of you who aren’t familiar with curing. The idea is that is that you needed to let it sit so that it will it will take form and the air will dry it out and it will maintain its, its structure and design Philip: Great Philip: Alright, so now let’s talk about cutting Evie, a foam. Now I am showing you some of my favorite pieces that I’ve used Philip: And putting together this sword. I have a variety of the scars tools here that I’m going to be a walking through with you on how they are used and what you know what it’s best used for. So I’m going to put this sort of side. I’ll refer this to it again Philip: First, I’m going to talk about using our, our SNAP or snap knife here. It’s a utility knife that allows you to snap off the blades as you go along Philip: Now this knife is great because you can use this for adjusting how much area that you want to cut off. So when you’re working with Evie, a foam and I’m going to use this this triangular doll here. It’s a great way to be able to gauge Philip: Or make some angled cuts and in doing so you can easily create angle cuts, by, by setting your knife at a 45 degree angle or whatever angle that you want Philip: And then just cutting through Philip: A material like so. And as you can see here, we now have an angled cut Philip: And I mentioned before that I like using these these type of dolls, because they’re already at a kind of a triangular angle and you can actually join them together. I’ll show you what what i would i mean. So I’m going to make another cut here Philip: I’m going to go straight down for demonstration purposes Philip: So how I made the body of this blade is joining three pieces Philip: Of triangular Dallas together Philip: So joining these together. I’m able to make Philip: The body of the blade Philip: Itself. So you have three angled areas 123 I’ll talk a little bit more about the runes in just a bit. So now that you have what the body of the blade itself and of course you can use more material and join them all together

Philip: That gives you room to glue all of these together and that’ll give you a nice blade body. Now you can, depending on how you design your sword, you might want it to be flatter or longer, and you think you can join different pieces Philip: As you as you want. But this is a great way in order to get a sword started Philip: Or just using these triangular dolls, which is what I did Philip: So, Philip: The snap fertility knife is great for making these angled cuts you can be very Philip: obtuse with them. You can be straight on with them, but they’re good. They’re just really great to cut through kind of dense materials and dense foam structures Philip: I’ll talk a little bit about, I think it’s my favorite tool, which is the power cut. Cheers. Now this is already well loved. As you can see, and use it all the time Philip: What’s great about these Power Co chairs, is that this can cut through not only fabric vinyl denim foam Philip: Dense materials heavy pieces and it’s it’s really great for just cutting around corners as well. I’ve used this for eight millimeter foam Philip: It just cuts very, very easily. You can see it’s just cutting right on through like that can use it for 12 meter 12 millimeter film as well so Philip: And it just cuts right through it like butter. So it’s really wonderful to use a great all around. I use it with cardboard corrugated materials. It’s a wonderful just overall cutting shear Philip: And it’s comfortable to us as well. So I like to use these particular shears. If I’m just doing circular around and cuts Philip: And it’s really comfortable, easy to use. So even if you have a 12 millimeter eight millimeter thickness Evie, a foam. It just powers right through it. I think that’s why they call it the power cut Philip: But it’s really just great overall tool to use Philip: And what I also like to use is the easy change knife set which looks like this. So, this is the the angled blade that it comes with. And when you open the sack. It comes with all kinds of different types of blade tips and Philip: What’s wonderful about this is that if you’re going to cut different types of runes or cut different types of thickness material. So there’s a little mini saw here as well. If you have denser materials you want to work with Philip: This gives you an opportunity to change out the blades themselves in order to kind of create what you want. So I’ll give you an example. I’m going to work with the craft foam that we have here. I’m going to draw quick Philip: rune of sorts here. So let’s do Philip: Alright, so let’s do Philip: P for Philip Philip: And you can use your detailed tool to easily just cut those rooms out. So obviously this is a large Philip: Lettering but it’s giving you an idea of just how easy it is to work with these particular tools Philip: And always just exercise caution whenever you’re working with any of these tools Philip: can just easily Philip: Pop out Philip: The letters that you need Philip: Now, if you’re going to do something. What’s more exotic and lettering, you can download the resource pack. There’s a link to the runes that are free and for personal use Philip: That you can use to kind of create your own different types of runes and what I’ve actually created here so you can read it better is F is k RS fix cars

Philip: And so I cut them all out using this particular blade Philip: Now you can also use these additional blades here. If you’re working with thick foam and you want to draw some details into your phone as well Philip: And I’ll talk a little bit about utilizing the heat gun or to open up the phone, a bit and sealing the phone, but you can also use these saws. If you’re using thicker or dense materials like cardboard or even balsa wood Philip: You can also use these different curved blades as well. If you need to do some tight rounded corners on thicker materials. And if you’re making some details Philip: Top cuts on thicker foam that are more angled or more flat. You can use these blades as well. So they’re great with working with wood and they’re great with working with with foam Philip: For detail work. I prefer to use the standard blade that it already comes with and you get to have them in this particular okay Philip: All right, well, let me talk about the Philip: Other great tool that you can use, which is Philip: Your rotary tool. Now this is a fantastic tool because it’s just absolutely wonderful. If you’re going to make some detailed Philip: Slices or cuts. So you have all of these kind of fin rich details that you can easily cut out of foam using a rotary tool Philip: And so you can just use that to go ahead and make your straight cuts very quickly. And you can also use a ruler. If you want to Philip: You know, use a guide for straighter cuts. But what I like about this particular tool is that you can use them to create to quickly create different edge detail. So that’s what the craft foam and also if you want some thicker ones as well Philip: You can use Philip: A four millimeter Philip: Evie, a foam as well. And you’ll get thicker denser from cuts that you can easily use for your ridges Philip: Here Philip: And you can also use it for. It requires a little bit more effort upper body strength but you can also cut through the 12 millimeter Philip: Film as well Philip: So, Philip: It’s a great overall useful tool for making some very quick cuts in addition to phone you can use it with fabric with wood very thin, would you can use it for thermal plastics as well. And it’s a great way of making some detailed Philip: Cuts like fees that you can use for your sword so you can take these and use that to create raise edges corners Philip: Pieces of that Philip: Alright and then now we have our handy dandy Philip: razor edge scissors as well. So I use, you know, a separate scissors for fabric. But this particular Philip: Model of scissors. It’s a razor edge and it’s great for just just everyday cutting, whether you’re working with fabric or denim or having materials or Philip: Even foam and what I like about this is that you can use this to just create more precise cuts. So if you’re going to be making and you’ll find this again outline in your download downloadable PDF. You can use your scissors to make more precise cuts Philip: And, you know, use those easily. So this here is the four millimeter foam that Philip: was traced upon you can easily trace that right on here Philip: Just to give you an example Philip: And again, you can customize this to you, however you’d like it to be Philip: And then just quickly you can use your power shears or you can use your pair of scissors to just cut right through it

Philip: And give you a bit more precision Philip: And what you’re making Philip: I’m trying to cut it off right there Philip: So now you can use this Philip: To attach two different pieces Like so Philip: Great. I’m going to do a question, check Philip: Any questions from our chat so far before we start talking about Philip: Working with a he serves Kelsey – Fiskars: As an in the chat Ali- Fiskars: Okay, and in the chat. Yep, we’re good to continue. Okay Awesome Philip: Great. So now we’re going to be talking about surface preparation for joining. You know, when we’re looking at our Philip: Phone pieces. It’s like, oh, you know, I can go straight from here into gluing these together, but something to think about, you know, with Evie, a foam is that this is called closed closed coil are closed and Philip: Phone, which means that when they’re very tightly woven in here, however Philip: In between the gaps. It allows different types of paints to be absorbed, just like a sponge. So what we want to do is to be able to seal the surface of the Evie, a foam using a gun Philip: And if you don’t have a heat gun so he can looks like you know this if you don’t have a heat gun. You can also use a hairdryer on high heat. But what the heat gun does is that it closes the surfaces Philip: Of EV a farm so that it doesn’t absorb whatever you’re putting on it. So when you’re thinking of like a sponge and you put something on a sponge, it gets it gets quickly sucked into the surface Philip: Of the sponge itself. It’s very similar to foam as well, where if you think of a makeup sponge. You don’t want the product to be sucked into the sponge Philip: And the similar idea of makeup on your skin, you create, you know, a bit of a barrier. And so the heat transforms the surface of the of the phone Philip: Into more of a closed surface so that paints and other products don’t get sucked into the phone itself. Now you can also use your tools to do some engraving Philip: On the surface of of the phone. And what that does is that it allows you to create some intricate designs and then you can use the heat done to open up those those creases. So if you’re doing some sort of like wood grain texture. Maybe you want to do some long cuts Philip: On here to kind of create simulate some what textures or wood lines Philip: Might be a little bit hard to see white on white, but there’s a surface area here and you would take your heat gun Philip: What happens, it’ll open up the surface those Philip: Lines, where you have cut into Philip: Now it’s showing up a little bit more Philip: barely see it, but you can see how it starting to Philip: Deepen those creases and cracks, where Philip: Where you have it so that allows you to really paint those gaps in with a contrasting color. So if you were to do like just a dry brush of black or a darker color over this, it’ll fill in those Philip: Gaps and can I give you that wood grain or whatever texture that you want. There we go. I think it’s showing up a little bit better so cutting into the phone allows you to kind of give it some really interesting Philip: Textures as well. There we go Philip: Okay Philip: Now, but she also wanted to is that when you’re thinking about gluing your pieces together. Like, it’s easy to think about, Okay, well, let me just glue it straight on like that Philip: However, you need you need to be able to create some sort of kind of crevice or rough texture Philip: In order for the glue to add here on so that it will it will join the two pieces correctly on there. One way of doing this is to take sandpaper and then roughing up the surface of your

Philip: Pieces are gluing together. So you want to have an assembly for the will create a rough texture on it and then add here them together, or you can do something similar to what we just did here and you want to create some lack of better words Philip: Just hash marks Philip: Across tic tac toe Philip: marks on the surface of your phone. And what that does is it creates kind of a rough texture for for glued kind of sink into and you want to do it on both sides Philip: Hey, Philip, yes Ali- Fiskars: We have a question in the chat and Mrs McHenry is asking, it looks like you prefer to use a ballpoint pen to draw on the phone. Do you prefer that over a pencil or a permanent marker. And does it matter one way or the other Philip: Yeah, so what you and so I’m using a ballpoint pen for demonstration purposes, preferably you would use a not pointed Philip: You know, sharp have a tip. So a marker could work really well, since it doesn’t puncture the surface of the Philip: Of the phone itself because it will stay, you know, on the surface of the of the phone. You can also use a very light pencil or an adult pencil that without without a sharp end to it Philip: Again, you don’t want to puncture the phone as much, or if you don’t care as much. You can use a ballpoint pen, or if you know that it’s going to be covered up anyway. So that’s a really great question. And I think it really depends on Philip: The visibility of how you see those puncture marks on there Philip: It’s a great question Ali- Fiskars: Thank you. Yeah Philip: Alright, so now I have some pieces here that are Philip: Have have grooves in them. And I’m just going to hit it with the Philip: pecan Philip: Just a CL Philip: Open up those edges a little bit more Philip: You could probably see it Philip: So now that we have kind of US concrete this on here. We’ll talk a little bit about different ways of how you can actually glue these together Philip: So there’s different types of adhesives that are available when you go into Michael’s. The most common one that you’ll see used by most crafters Philip: Is called. It’s a contact summit called barge so barge is a pretty universal industry practice contacts and then summit Philip: It’s very much for all purposes, all different types of materials and it is permanent. It does have an overnight cure time 24 to 48 hours. However, it is toxic and is best used outside or well ventilated area. It’s got all kinds of dangers on there Philip: However, it’s really the type of conduct summit that’s best suitable and used for different phone types Philip: However, you also want to make sure that you want to wear a mask when you’re working with this and you’re in a well ventilated space. So how barge summit works is that you apply with a brush on on both surfaces and then you join the surf and then you let it sit for probably about Philip: Two to five minutes 10 minutes is more ideal to let it get tacky and then you adhere it together like so and then you can secure it with, you know, rubber bands or clips or however you want to secure it so that it stays joined together and you want it to cure overnight Philip: So the best way of adhering useful and piece together is all purpose context summit and you can find barge summit at Michael’s and if you look inside of the PDF that’s attaching the chat. These products are linked straight onto the Michaels website so you can find the products directly Philip: But I like to use, which is kind of a overall is hot glue Philip: So I’ve got my hot glue gun. I’m using the gorilla glue stick here and it’s just a pretty much universal Philip: And he said, Philip: So fun tip and working with your hot glue gun. You can use the flat part of your glue gun to just kind of lay even out be the glue on top of it. So even though you’re you’re you’re adding glue straight down. You can use the flat part of your glue gun tip

Philip: To kind of just flatten out the adhesive Philip: Depending on how strong it is. You might need two coats on both sides. For this demo, I’ll just use one coat Philip: And simply just glue them Philip: Together Philip: And the reason why you did Philip: The etching on both sides so that the glue can kind of see and and create a bond between the two sides Philip: And so the cure time for hot glue gun is approximately five minutes or less. You need the cool air to solidify the plastic which is basically hot glue is it’s plastic polymer and it’ll just glue those pieces together Philip: Now other glues, you can use. You can also use Philip: Hot glue. I’m sorry, super glue. You can also use Philip: Like a what fillers, there’s a different types of wood glues that you can also use for, you know, for phone but there’s also foam glue Philip: So foam like Elsa Africa rubber look if you’re familiar with like the soles of your shoes. It’s very, very much similar concept. They have rubber adhesives that you can also work, but for overall just Philip: everyday use between contact summit and hot glue, you’re going to be, you know, just fine. Now if you’re working with tiny details such as these Philip: Steps here and you want to add them onto your surface. You can also use some kind of a minimal amount of hot clue, but be very careful with working with hot glue. I’m still recovering from some hot glue burns myself Philip: It’s kind of a point of pride for some crafters, you can also use just your everyday superglue to give you a finer surface area to add on your details Philip: Now you’ll see here that there are gaps that occur when you join pieces together. Now this can easily be filled in with with a variety of different materials Philip: Very common is to actually just use the hot glue itself and then very carefully, fill in those gaps there and then use the the flat edge to even it out. However, it does become. It does look a little bit Philip: clunky and chunky. So it’s not that great of an accuracy tool. And you can also use what filler, which you’ll get what you can find in the wood department in Michaels wood glue can also use Philip: cocking which is used mostly for tile work, but it’s a nice gap filler and for larger gaps. You can also use modeling from you take just the slightest bit. See if I can Hear Ali- Fiskars: It fellow while you’re opening that we had another question about whether or not you prefer a high temp or a low temp glue gun when you are assembling Philip: Yes, so great question so height top guns are really great if you’re working with a with a large surface area and you need and you’re using these longer glue sticks. I use the soft temp guns. If you’re working with just the finer details and you have a little bit more Philip: A little less surface coverage and a bit more precision. So the soft temp allows you to make those tinier filigree details Philip: And some of them have different tips as well. Some of them some some glue guns have kind of a fine point nozzle where you don’t want the hot glue to you Philip: To come out as quickly. You want it to be a bit more controlled. So you have a couple of different options. I prefer because I work with larger pieces Philip: And I work pretty quickly. I like to use the hot temp with a long glue sticks. I just go run right through it Philip: Hopefully that helps answer Ali- Fiskars: Yeah, great. That’s perfect. Thank you Philip: Now, this is also an option. I’m using the modeling foam. Again, this is Philip: A way to fill in the gaps and what happens is that when you let this dry overnight. You can then sand it down, send down like the excess. It works like the similar idea to cocking where you’re joining the edges together and Philip: You’re basically creating a gap fell between the two. And you can use sandpaper when it’s all dry or a sanding tool like a like a dremel tool

Philip: To kind of just stand off access material Philip: Alright Philip: So now I want to talk a little bit about preparing the surface for painting. So now you’re going to get from here to here, you know, what is that in between part Philip: So I mentioned earlier, the need to utilize a hot gun or heat gun in order to seal the cells on the surface of the Philip: Evie, a foam and it kind of gives it a bit of a stronger structural support as well, but we also want to be able to prepare the surface of this for painting so that it creates an even stronger barrier between the surface of the phone and whatever Philip: Kind of painted, you’re going to be using on top. Now there’s a couple of ways of doing this. I like to work with Mod Podge Philip: Which is by plaid and it’s water based and it’s a sealer and it’s basically the similar concept to using white glue and mixing it with water Philip: To just create a barrier similar idea to creating a surface barrier between your skin and your foundation in World of makeup so I like to use Mod Podge as Philip: As a way to create that barrier between the phone and paint. This does require an overnight dry and Mod Podge comes in different types of formulas for different purposes. This is just a generic gloss much Podge Philip: But you can get some for different utility, different, different types of surface as to working with and I also like to use Philip: And this is, this comes down into your planning as well plastic so plastic is a rubber coat and what this does is that it once you Philip: kind of fill in all the gaps and you’re ready to paint plastic it up, we’ll, we’ll create a rubber surface for you to paint on now pass it up comes in different colors. If you’re thinking about using Philip: Metallic paints, such as the plot effects gold or any kind of armor or metallic paints. It’s great to start off with a black surface area. What that does is that it absorbs the light Philip: That’s shining onto the surface and it reflects back the metallic color of the paint that you’re using. And so if you if you know that you’re going to paint something with a metallic sheen or a metallic color. It’s best to start off with a all black surface area Philip: To then be able to kind of create that very saturated looking color with your paints Philip: Plastic can come in variety of colors as well. In addition to black. You’ve got if you if you’re working with Philip: Like blues and greens. It’s great to work with, with gray placid up because it kind of creates a very neutral background. If you’re working with Philip: If you know that your surface area is going to be read. You can also get a tan plasticky dip or a yellow placid up it’ll help kind of Philip: Pull in those saturated red tones and plastic also comes in a clear coat as well. If you’re pretty agnostic about how you want to, you know, paint plastic also comes in different types of machines as well. There are some where it kind of has a metallic looking aspect to it Philip: That’s kind of a color shift as well. But, you know, we’re getting more into the to the fancier finishing. But in order to just start the painting process Philip: plastic cups are really good all around, go to you area or product to use that you can find at Michael’s plaid also has an acrylic Philip: Primer that they use. So Cloud products kind of look like this. And so they have a clear version of their acrylic paint, which is serves as a primer and

Philip: You can use use it to coat just like similar to much Podge plot effects plaid. The company mix both plot effects and match pod. So it’s the same company Philip: You’ll find a plot effects paints and the cause Bay Area, and you’ll find much Podge in various areas throughout Michaels as well, mostly in the woods section would in crafting but there’s a spray much Podge as well. If you’re looking for that Philip: More technically advanced Philip: Could have surface proper preparation materials are an acrylic emotion, which is basically acrylic paint Philip: Like a urethane coat and also epoxy resin, which is a marine epoxy, which is used to coat the underside of boats and those are a bit more advanced, but those are, those will create a much sturdier seal and much harder surface area for you to paint on Philip: Alright Philip: And some some PAINTING TOOLS. These are the colors that I use to create this sword. And so what’s fun about the painting process is that you can be very creative on how you Philip: Mix and match different sorts of colors and what I like about the plot effects colors is that you have a nice variety to choose from Philip: You have different satin different kind of neon colors you have different metallics and you can play around with it to kind of create the contour lightness contrast that you want you know for your particular Philip: Sword Philip: And so here I’m just going to line up kind of particular areas that I use. You can an idea of just kind of color variation Philip: Of products. So you can see how Philip: You can use different colors to kind of create the effect of frost the effect of lighting the effect of contrast. I have overhead lighting on right now. So you really can’t see it, but inside is the EL wire. So I’m going to show you where it’s tucked in. So I have EL wire that runs through Philip: The sword and inside of these rooms here it is illuminated blue and it’s much more prominent when it’s dimmer but but they but this has a nice Philip: Kind of Blue effect that’s complemented by the paint work itself Ali- Fiskars: Hey, Philip as we Ali- Fiskars: Some people taking a look at some of the material from the class. We have a couple of questions Ali- Fiskars: What scale. Do you suggest printing the pattern to is it made for 100% scale. Yeah Philip: The, the pattern itself is the paper sizes 30 inches long 11 Hi. So that would be a half by 11 and that would be Philip: Five, five to six, five or six, eight and half by 11 sheets so it’d be like a portraits portrait mode. So it’s 11 inches tall and then about five to six Philip: Sheets wide Ali- Fiskars: Okay, great. And then also we had one person asking, Deb was asking what the modeling clay was that you had been using before. If you could just review the name of that for people who may be joined a little bit later Philip: Absolutely. This is called the modeling phone from Art minds. It’s available in the cosplay section in Michaels, and it’s about Philip: 11 ounces, which will actually get you a lot of surface area just making a note fat, you do need to plan when when you want to use this Philip: Because it does have a cure time so you wanted to set overnight. You can’t just pop it into the mold and then expect it to be done in two hours Philip: You need to let it sit overnight, let the air dry it out so that you’re able to work with it. Once it’s dry, you can easily pop out of the mold and then use a Philip: Tool a sanding tool to, you know, just down, you can use your, your cutting tools to kind of cut around the edges fine details, but you do need to plan Philip: At least a day prior for it to cure and this is called art minds modeling phone and I believe I may have linked it in the PDF, so you can check that out Ali- Fiskars: Awesome. Great. And then one other question that we had from this as an academy Ali- Fiskars: Was you’ve mentioned sandpaper. A couple times and being able to use that. Do you have a recommendation on the grid of sandpaper that people should use and maybe whether they should use sandpaper like standard what sandpaper, or the wet dry sandpaper for working with metal

Philip: For working with, but with foam Ali- Fiskars: With metal like with working with metal Philip: Oh, with metal. Okay, so when you’re working with sandpaper. There’s Philip: A couple of different ways where you can wet sand it if you know that you’re going to be working with a with a higher grip value. So if you’re looking with three or 400 Philip: You want to make sure that you don’t break the surface of the phone. This is Philip: The best way to work with sandpaper on foam is to make sure that there’s already you know there’s it’s dry Philip: And that you’re not going to rip off the surface of unless you want a textured surface of on the phone itself. But if you’re looking to Philip: What clean up some of these edges here. You want to make sure that it is a fully dried I would recommend even doing like a coat of mod podge or a coat of Philip: You know, some sort of protection so that when you do go back in with your sandpaper, you can easily smooth, smooth out when you’re doing fine details such as Philip: Like the tinier pieces here which are easier to rep, you want to, you want to start off, you know, always start off first with the Philip: The lowest coarseness and then work your way up just so that you don’t end up damaging or breaking the surface of the material. Now you’re working with metal Philip: I think that’s where you’re going to have to really take a look on what the type of metal, it is and the corrosive Enos of it. I haven’t had to use Philip: Sandpaper on metal. However, if you’re if you’re creating like a metal type texture and using metallic paints, you know, normally metal is Philip: Is flat and has a flat surface. If you’re looking to create corrugated metal. There’s a couple of different effects that you can use with paint and combination of surface area texture thing Philip: That will kind of create the effect of of sanded or chipped metal. I know that’s probably not what you’re looking for in terms of sandpaper and metal Philip: However, there are different sanding tools that you can use to create raged edges, it’s kind of similar to this. This is all just a hand painted on here Philip: But you know you wanted to kind of create that effect of kind of a chip edge or tarnished edge. There’s a couple of different ways you can do that with paint as well. You probably do a longer talk about painting effects Ali- Fiskars: Awesome. Um, we do have one more question. But I did want to mention that you will see Felicia with Michaels is posting a special coupon code for everyone who joined today Ali- Fiskars: So you can go ahead and use that coupon code for maybe purchasing any supplies for your next cosplay creation Ali- Fiskars: And it is a 30% off coupon, so enjoy that. And thank you to everyone who attended today with postcards and fill up and Michael’s and then our last question that it looks like we have right now is Ali- Fiskars: Asking about running the lights through the Ford and how you get them to show up. So are you using just holes through the foam or acetate, anything that you use to accentuate the light Philip: Yes. So what I have here so you can see on the surface area here is that I had cut through. I don’t know if you can see it. And the other view Philip: I had created a layer of phone which is approximately four is the four millimeter phone here so I use a four millimeter phone to cut the rooms. And then what I had done is you see how I had Philip: It. I said it was joined like this Philip: Which is Philip: Kind of three triangular triangular pieces which you want to do is actually if you look at the bottom. You want to move. I’m going to, I’m going to rip this real quick so you can. Second, I can show you very quickly Felicia – Michaels: This is Felicia, just so you know overhead is no longer showing Philip: Okay, well, we’ll see the front Philip: Of it. So what you want to do is end up with a Philip: A gap Philip: I’m going to show it to you this way, where you have the centerpiece. Here is a bit more inset than the other two pieces. And what happens is it creates a channel Philip: Where you can lay your light your lights inside the channel here. And so you’ll have a channel where you can run your lights up and down. So let’s pretend this is a longer, longer piece here

Philip: He can run your lights up and down the channel here and then use a Philip: A piece of phone that has your runes on it and it layers right on top of that channel so that it’s so that your lights are sandwiched in that channel between these other two pieces. So what I’m showing you here is that in the sword. You’ve got the two Philip: Diagonal pieces that are on the side and then on the the center the center piece here is actually more inset into the sword, and then I took a Philip: piece of foam that is approximately two inches wide that runs all the way down that has the rooms on top of it and underneath the surface is the the light Philip: System underneath it. So hopefully that will help kind of a give a better idea. I am going to be talking about lighting a little bit more in a future class. So hopefully you can catch that piece and we can talk a bit more through how to how to rig it Ali- Fiskars: Wonderful. Awesome. That was a great explanation Philip: Alright, so we are now at Philip: We are at time, but I do want to tell a bit more, just about. Now that you have your piece painted a great way to preserve your item is to seal it Philip: Restoring has a great product called. It’s a clear coat is a durable top coat that you can just use it to seal the overall product itself. Again, you can use match Podge as a way to steal your Philip: Your product and you can also use a proxy or urethane polyurethane available at Michael’s to kind of give it a much harder, more durable coat, so that you can Philip: Use it throughout your, your sword throughout your photography and it’ll withstand some some beating as you battle. The scourge and torment. The enemies Philip: But it’s also great for photography as well. This has a clear coat that he used with the restoring him. It’s a durable top coat. You can see it in the paint section and Michael’s and I’ll kind of just help preserve it a little bit more Philip: I think it’s so much for joining me today, and I hope that you got a lot of insight about working with foam particularly helping prep it seal it join it Philip: And hopefully next time we’ll talk a little bit more about how to use foam with thermo plastic to create even more structured pieces and we’ll do a little bit of a deeper dive into lighting as well Ali- Fiskars: Awesome. Thank you so much. Thank you fill up for joining with Michaels and fest scars to highlight how we could make an Ice King sword. It was great. And thank you to everyone for joining

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