so every now and then we get somebody sends us a nice little snack from the garden and i got something here um came from mark mark yeah i think his name was mark matt matt matt matt king matt king sorry man matt from up around athens up there around god’s country oh yeah athens anyway we got some uh apricot habanero pepper jelly and some apricot ghost pepper jelly ghost pepper jelly yeah so we uh i got us a little board here i ain’t eating much yeah we’re gonna well now i’m going to tell you that i love habanero pepper jelly and i i’m not a big fan of hot things but habanero has got a great flavor to me one of my buddies ex-wife he run her off or she left anyhow she’s gone used to make the best habanero jelly i’ve ever eaten it’s my favorite and pepper jellies habitat is my favorite now this ghost pepper here thing could go bad in a hurry it couldn’t it could go bad that’s why i made sure we got plenty of uh i’m gonna get tangled up my mic cord down here i got plenty of uh it is pretty other goodies down here yeah just in case this stuff here was to light us up i got your own little spatula right there so we got some um we got some salami some capicola and some prosciutto right there uh got some fancy whole wheat ritz crackers uh right here we got some manchego aged manchego cheese here we got some local thomasfield tom from sweetgrass oh so however you want to do this i’m going to come in here with a little bit i’m going to go with the habit yeah that’s what i was thinking yeah let’s just warm it up a little bit yeah let’s let’s just be you know habanero if you the heat if you can get past the heat it’s got a good great flavor to it i mean i just i love that flavor let’s just start out here you know cheese put some tom on there i didn’t bring the napkins no you wipe it on your britches like i do so what’s that fall it’s that time of the year it is it’s finally here and um it’s i know it’s a gardening show but sec football just started back really saturday mm-hmm and uh a lot of our viewers live in the south i’m sure we’re excited about that our defending national championships the lsu tigers they kind of slipped up on the first game yeah and um yeah so a little background here you may not know this so there’s a coach named mike leach who used to um help out at kentucky he’s been in the pacific northwest for a while but he helped create this offense back in the day called the air raid offense where they throw the ball a tune and uh he created this kind of system under a coach named howe mummy now how mummy used coach at valdosta state i remember him okay so how long he used to go to vadas estate then he got a job at kentucky yeah he worked with mike leach there uh so ellis you played mississippi state and i’ve known over the years quite a few people that went to mississippi state and not really impressed one of them and i also had a buddy in college and when i was in athens one of my roommates he left to go to washington state go to a phd school up there and that’s where mike leach was the coach anyway a lot of a lot of kind of interesting uh networks there but lsu that wasn’t kind of expecting old mike leach to come in there and and throw the ball around like he tends to do and um something happened they ended up what happened they ended up getting beat and you know they had a they had a great team last year beat alabama like they did yeah so i made a little uh chart here to kind of explain to everybody what and why it happened here and i made this real simple for our alabama folks out there that aren’t the best at math the folks went to tuscaloosa and auburn so i made this real simple here so we got um lsu minus joe equals that’s that’s what lsu is right now minus one 0-1 so for everybody out there y’all can kind of keep that in your back pocket that has what has happened to lsu i feel bad for them i do too i feel like they’re going they’re going to rebound you know somebody needs a little humbling every now and then that’s right and they got them a little humble pie that’s right you can’t win them all okay one more are you ready to try this ghost pepper well i i won’t wait just a minute let you go ahead with it

you know we got the greenhouse about full of fall plants i might get too much and we got a lot of stuff growing we got man my kale’s up doing good cabbage is doing great onions onions doing good broccoli krabby we got a little bit of everything and the guy asked me the other day that was new to garden he was concerned about fertilizing and i went out and looked yesterday and they got this their second leaves whose true love is coming on pretty good i got to thank him i fertilized him twice so you really can’t get lazy or can you get complacent with some when those first two leaves pop out there and you start seeing those true leaves down there you need to be getting ready to piss the fertilizer on you can’t wait a few days and hope and we should carry on you need to really pump these greens along people don’t understand they take a lot of nitrogen not as much as corn we know corn is a real heavy feeder but greens cabbage and things like that are real close to needing the same or close to needing as much fertilizer nitrogen as corn is which is a lot i said someone asked me the other day they were wondering could you use fish emotion to fertilize your seedlings versus inorganic something like 20 20 20. and i was explaining to them you put all the fish in motion you want to on there it’s not going to hurt anything the problem is those seedlings got to have it fast and they don’t you don’t really have time for the fishing motion to break down in the soil uh so that’s why we use inorganic fertilizer it’s not bad it’s not bad it’s got a little heat to it but that ain’t yeah it ain’t bad it’s actually pretty good um so that’s why we use the 20 20 20 and and you get it to them fast it’s already converted over into inorganic form but uh those those onions we planted as plethora onions we planted on the show are looking really really good and then things are growing fast they are which is good because we was a little behind eight ball on plant modes yeah i think he’s i think still got plenty of time i planted last year i planted some onions uh in october and they still came off fast some of these hybrid varieties they come off real fast speaking of onions we’ve been adding a lot of new onions i kind of went all in on the onions and i got a variety i’ve been waiting on and i just got them in and this is a new one here and this one is called sweet agent and um i think i mentioned this on the show a little warm so that’s good uh i think i mentioned this on the show a few weeks ago but there’s an article out there it’s not too hard to find where the university of georgia did a study of all these uh vidalia approved varieties and they looked at things like um straight biomass of the yield different things like that they looked at how many coals they had what was the percentage of you know sellable harvest and a lot of the varieties we carry were at the top of that list in that study and one of the ones that did really good one of the ones that made the biggest onion was this here called the sweet agent sweet agent and uh you remember them people that brought by that master yes i do i don’t know for sure but if i had to guess i would say it may have been a sweet that was what we classified as a colossal colossal and so this is a nice you know ground i’m looking forward to this habanero after that yeah nice flat granite’s onion sweet onion and i i can’t say this for sure because you know growing it in athens maybe a little bit different than growing it down here but some of the studies i’ve seen suggest that this would make the biggest onion of the varieties we have now it would be a close race savannah sweet makes a big old onion we’ve got several so refer to that we have several vidalia approved varieties on our site some people really like that type of onion so let me go through these vidalia approved varieties we have we got the sweet agent we got the plethora we got the savannah sweet that’s danny wanted deep south they grew this from last year they love it and then we’ve got the sweet harvest here now we’ll tell you this folks you ain’t gonna find these onion varieties nowhere else online but hoss tools that’s right and if you go if you try to go the route of going to buy onion plants you ain’t going to find these varieties here so if you want to grow these real awesome varieties they’re going to make massive onions you’re going to have to grow them from seed you’re going to have to get them from us so there that is what else we got going on well we got lots going on we got our new building going up uh a lot of it’s busy around here i’m gonna go in our new well i’m gonna go bui i just i’m gonna digest that hand me that right over here while you do it and we got something in this week we’ve been waiting on for a long long time i can and that is these babies right here

these new fertilizer injectors we got them in a day or so ago we got them on the site i had a couple people email me complaining about the cost of them they said they went up so i attempted to explain to them the reason why and i’m gonna go over it again right now so we made some huge improvements to this and uh we talked to the manufacturer and we told them what our concerns was we went back and forth had a good line of communication and we wanted to specify that the tank be a lot thicker a lot better tank a constant pressure tank where the older injectors we had were not constant pressure now to be clear on the older tanks it’s got a big sticker on the back and it says instructions don’t leave it under constant pressure right right but some of us men are hard to read instructions and hard hits right so if you left it under constant pressure the old tank which was made out of interior called hdpe it would burst at the seam this one here doesn’t have any seams it’s made out of pvc a thick pvc and it won’t bust and if you were to take it and drop it from a high elevation onto some concrete on that bar while it was pressurized you might combust it but you’re not gonna uh bust that guy also we made a big change here that this hose build connector is where you hook your water hoses into used to be made out of pvc and we changed that went to brass which is a lot more durable however it did cost more we looked at these things here and we said you know what we’d like to have that it’s going to add a little bit of cost to it but not a lot so we made these changes of course we branded ours the hoss tools we got a nice little pretty label on it and we’re gonna have these things in stock i hope for the next little while i think we got 300 in 600 we got 600 in so these will last for a while we’ll run out probably before we get some more in the way things has been going so if you’re interested in one of these i would highly recommend this baby right here it is a one gallon uh the ones we sold before were three quarter gallon and two gallon don’t let that bother you a whole lot i’ll be honest with you i always use the three quarter gallon one anyway so the yeah for any of my plots it’s it’s it’s just easy this one gallon is easy to pick up and tote around it’s just a real nice subject and i think once you see what you’re getting here you’ll be you know proud of you proud you bought it and impressed with the quality of it let me go over something real quick like so uh we do have a replacement parts kit on the side if you got an old one and you want this brass piece and you maybe these hoses i will say after a few years if you leave it sitting out in the sun it does help to replace them can you unscrew that little heck yeah and i kind of seen this coming because i know some people were going to ask they were going to say i’ve got this old system but i want that new tank can i adapt it uh huh and you sure can so the lid is exactly the same yeah these hoses are exactly the same they are shorter though i’m going back with a ghost pepper going back to the ghost pepper so on the side if you scroll down the bottom where replacement parts are we’ve got a replacement parts kit for the injector which has everything you need we’ve even got if you lose your flow disc we’ve got those on the site now we’ve got just the tanks themselves so if you’ve got one the old tanks want to go the new one you can get just a tank the only thing you have to do is come in here on your old lid assuming your lid is still good take and trim up these two hoses here so pull them off there trim them up you don’t want them you know jamming in there you want them to go right almost to where they touch the bottom of the tank so you can retrofit the old two gallon or three quarter gallon model to this new system with the parts we have on the site here you go and as far as feeding those heavy feeding brassicas and the fall your cabbage your collards your cauliflower your broccoli all that good stuff that’s going to do the trick right there you can put you can put calcium nitrate in it you can put 20 20 20 in it micro boost anything that’s water soluble now i do recommend that you use a backflow preventer when using one of these these things are on our site you can add that black footprint how much that thing costs it’s what 10 or 12 bucks something like that i don’t think it’s that much but but you can do an add-on when you buy this right here and what that backflow preventer does it prevents anything from cycling back into the water supply so if you’re on your own well and you’re using this right and you’ve got the fertilizer if the power was go off there is a chance that it could siphon whatever’s in this line here back until you will and that backflow preventer prevents that from happening it stops the flow from pulling

back through the water lines so it’s a good insurance policy things don’t cost very much and i recommend using one of those now with this right here there’s another application you could use this for if you wanted to you people out there that love you pretty yards like you know put a sprinkler system out there and water yards you could put this 20 20 20 in there with this setup right here and run fertilizer through your sprinkler system another way to use it now we always talk about using it with a drip system another way to use it is to use that with some of our liquid fish our fish and guano before or during the time when you’re growing a cover crop and you’re doing a little soil rehabilitation you can feed it i’ve done this with my tripod sprinkler i’ll run some uh and with that tripod spring that runs through pretty quick i run some fishing motion through there or some liquid fish so they feed that soil and then you got the cover crop coming in there so you got all those microbes and uh just doing some good good stuff for your soil so you don’t have to use it with a drip system works great with a drip system but even if you’ve just got on your patio you just hand watering some stuff and want to shoot a little fertilizer to them you can use them yeah i’m getting a little out there here but i’m going to say this here you could also use this with a wetting agent in there if you if you went through a real dry period and your soils got real dried out and then having a hard time taking the water in you could also put a wetting agent through this and run through your irrigation system and that would help your lawn out a lot now we’re not long guys we’re garden guys so i was mixing it up a little bit they’re getting into the ornamental part yeah getting back in my old days multitude of problems if you love a pretty yard or you want to grow a good garden not problems multitude of applications of opportunities opportunities so if you want to uh run fertilizer through your gas system it’s a must-have all right a few more things uh ghost peppers making me hallucinate uh a few more things we just got back on the site that i know a lot of people been waiting for our famous owl squash that you grew and i’ll let you talk about this a little bit but we have gotten those germ tested we got them on the site now we got them in packets uh they’re under the winter squash we’ll put a link below in the description for the youtube version of the show uh but we’ve got them on the site so you can get your owl squad see we probably will run out of these as we do some more oh yeah these are rare these are limited supply let me have that pack there a minute all right folks this is a squash i grew this year that was really impressed with i believe it’s in the peppo family is that correct grew off real short uh 100 days at most i i it didn’t take more than 100 days for them to make um real good eight well high sugar content now here’s the deal 79 germination i was hoping the germination would be a little higher than that but come back said excuse me 79 that means for every 10 seeds you plant 7.99 is going to germinate so you want to plant these a little thick get you a few extra ones to go along with it because 79 is what it is all right now we sell seeds and um we don’t speak a lot about saving seeds and that kind of thing but if you buy these ash wash or these cherokee tans which we got back on which are extremely rare i would highly recommend you to save your seeds it don’t take you a long time to do that when you start which is the easiest thing to say yeah save your seeds and the reason i say that is these things are extremely rare there’s only two people that i know of the united states grow in this squash me being one of them so i mean if i had a crop failure and somebody else had a crop fire these things would be lost right so save your seeds share with some family and i think you’ll be you know i think you’ll be impressed but it’s a great one but we need to bring it back out we’d like to have other people in other regions saving the seeds same thing with that cherokee tan it’s a lot not a lot of people are growing them so uh it’s one we need to keep i was doing some research on that uh and so that was a re this originated in new england uh grown by the abandon i don’t know if it’s abenaki or abenaki a native american tribe up in new england so that’s a great little kind of heritage seed there and the cherokee tan as well like i said we got those back on the site both of those i’m sure at some point uh in the next few months we will run out of but uh yeah we’ll if you if you want some of them get them pretty quick because i’m pretty sure by january we’ll be out of them one more thing um one so you was chasing rabbits or them chaser rabbit real quick so this had nothing to do with gardening but me and my wife and my kids my me my wife and myself and i whatever uh i’ve started a youtube channel uh called pop-up life and it’s all it’s just a family youtube channel showing our adventures as we go pop up

camping all around the southeast and we’ve only got like three videos up so far but and and if you don’t you know if this just doesn’t suit your fancy that’s fine but i would really appreciate it if our loyal viewers would head on over there and we’ll put a link below in the youtube description if you guys will head on there and just give me a little courtesy subscribe if you like the videos watch them you know enjoy them but if y’all could give me a little uh courtesy subscribe there i sure would appreciate it those first thousand subscribers are the hardest ones to get we usually have anywhere from eight to ten thousand people watching this show every week and if we could just get you know uh a tenth or a fifth of those people to just go over there and hit that subscribe button on the pop-up live channel i would surely appreciate it let’s talk about cover crops that’s why cover crops so uh last week when me and jason were on the show did you get to watch that i watched some of it um how’d you think he did filling in for he probably did pretty good now he’s not near as good looking as i am yeah but he did okay yeah can’t have it all can you have it all so last week we promised that we would do a show on cool season cover crops and we got a lot of them we just added to the site i’m going back ghosting we’re going back ghosting maybe we need to taping on there put some more in there we didn’t get as many peppers good stuff right there so we promised we’d just show them cool season cover crops we just added a bunch more to the site a lot of them are already kind of flying and uh some of these new ones might people might not be as familiar with and i wanted to kind of go through and explain the the biggest question we always get is which cover crop should i plant and there’s really not a wrong answer to that for the most part and so you know if you’ve never grown a cover crop just pick one and then if you don’t like that one pick another one the following year you really can’t go wrong with some of these there are some subtle differences in the ability to turn them in or terminate them well they’re all going to benefit your soil in one way or the other and which one you grow just really has to do with what you’re looking for you’re looking uh for weed suppression you’re looking for nitrogen addition you’re looking for uh biofumigation and we’ve got a nice chart on our site that gives you the pluses it’s got a kind of a little pie um chart thing for for every category of things that cover crops could do for everyone and that’s really helpful to kind of give you an idea of what you may like cover crops have got they serve a purpose they’re there for a reason so we use cover crops to do something for us it’s kind of all about us with cover crops we don’t put a cover crop because they’re pretty cover crops are going to have to do something for us and we want to do minimum inputs for cover crops besides buying the seeds in a little time putting them out there there’s not a lot of costumes it’s very economical or it doesn’t cost much to do it for the bang for the buck is huge i normally don’t put much of any fertilizer on cover crops i’ll kind of they kind of have to fend for themselves because what it’s all about me will cover crops let’s talk about some of the benefits of cover crops there’s lots of them out there and there’s a lot of good stuff online about cover crop so there’s a website i think it’s called sayer s-a-r-e i can’t remember what that stands for sustainable agriculture research and education it’s a non-profit i believe anyway they have worlds of information on cover crops the benefits all that good stuff good website to check out in your spare time so some of the benefits nitrogen fixation especially with your cool season cover crops you don’t get that as much with the exception of sun hemp with your and peas iron clay peas you don’t get that as much with the warm season cover crops but a lot of these cool season cover crops are nitrogen fixtures another thing too we know corn is a heavy feeder so if you’re planted sweet corn out there and you’re thinking about which cover crop you want to follow up with that corn you want one that does a good job of scavenging the nutrients and then several of them out there does that they will get down there start growing and all those nutrients that you had left over from growing that corn will adhere or will you know go to that cover crop and hold it for you so that you need it again right so that that’s another good cycle of cover crops what we’ll call soil building soil building entails several different things you’re adding organic matter from the biomass of the cover crop you’re reducing compaction via what i call tickling those deep roots of the cover crops kind of tickle the soil i’m gonna go with mustard compaction and and help you from having that hard pan the other thing like you mentioned is the scavenging of nutrients and this might be a foreign concept some people but a lot of these cover crops have really really deep roots deeper than your vegetable crops are going to have and what they do is those roots go down there and

they pull up these nutrients from way down deep that otherwise wouldn’t be accessible to that they’re hiding down in there and bringing them back up and showing their faces and then when you cut them down and turn them in the soil you’ve got all these new nutrients that were what too deep to access before but now you brought them to the surface and they’re available readily available to that plant that you’re trying to grow now boom boom boom boom the other thing’s erosion control that one’s that one’s pretty intuitive pretty obvious you’ve got ground cover you’re not if you get a hard rain you’re not gonna lose all your top soil weed suppression you know you’ve got a dense cover there weeds can’t pop up through there also it’s going to help break those weed cycles too and the last one uh the big one for us down here is pest management yup you’re breaking those pest cycles like me and jason talked about on the show last week you’re not giving those pests anything to eat when you put a cover crop out there unlike if you left squash and tomatoes out there all year long you’re constantly feeding that reproductive cycle of those pests and then the last part about pest management is the biofumigation which we’ll talk about in a minute with the mustard i’m going to go back ghost one more time ah ghost is good stuff okay so i’ve kind of broken this up as far as the cover crops into three categories so we got the clovers you love you some categories i do i like to categorize things so we’re going to talk about the clovers we’ll talk about these other legume cool season cover crops then we’ve got the brassicas and then we’ve got one that’s kind of on its own so you mentioned while i go getting rid of the cover crop we get a lot of questions people talk about how do i get rid of it extinguish it in general cool season cover crops are easier to get rid of than some of the summer cover crops we have so lower to the ground they’re lower to the ground they don’t have as much organic matter or much woody stalk they’re easier to get rid of than say sun hemp sun helps a good one but can be a little bit problematic getting rid of that huge woody stalk on it so you know the biggest one i can think about would be rye would probably be the hardest one to get rid of and it’s really not that bad yeah so i didn’t bring because all the bags kind of look the same except the labels here let me i’ll put that one over on this side so we have all these all of our cover crops now we have on the site available in 20 pound options as well uh we i can’t say definitely if we’ve moved all completely to these bags we’ve been going through a lot of cover crops you get a good one there and uh so we got these nice fancy new foil bags there um that we’ve been sending out let’s go over clover real quick we got three types of clover we got the crimson which we had uh last year and we got two new ones we got the white dutch and we got the frosty berseem clover so uh the crimson clover we’ll start out with that and the crimson clover we have is omri inoculated so it’s pre-inoculated and um it’s a lot easier to put out because it’s coated nice and round and it’s just just easier to seed yeah here’s some of the seeds right here now this particular one is pink you likely get one that’s white sometimes they change the coloring on them but if you’ve ever tried to put powdery inklet on the clover seed you will appreciate the fact that it’s already been done for you these things are are pre-inoculated they’re the seeds are a little bit bigger because they make them this coating on there makes the seed bigger and more rounded low rounder plant them with a walk behind planter if that’s your oh man i have planted these things right here with our cedar and it does a wonderful job well they’re nice and uniform in size and uh you know it makes a pretty decent sized seed once they get coated raw coco clover seeds are not consistently round plus they’re a good bit smaller thing that keeps you from doing is if you’re hand strolling like i do keep you from using so much seed when the seeds are a little bigger about that so let’s compare them real quick we talked about the crimson in my opinion the crimson has the densest ground cover it’s going to do the best job at weed suppression uh i would agree with that you know for y’all that live in south when you ride down the highway in wintertime and or spring i might say and you see those plants on saturdays like a strawberry that’s what we’re talking about that’s the crimson clover so of the three we carry i think the crimson is going to give you the most dense vegetation the most biomass i think that’s the advantage and it is relatively cold tolerant yeah now the white dutch on kind of other side equation the white dutch is the most heat tolerant one out there and it can be um it can be grown longer into the warmer months here so you could use it as a spring cover crop

yeah i was thinking about that so i was thinking of the situation i’d want to use white dutch clover and i come up with this scenario right here what if i had a spot that i wasn’t going to plant anything on during winter time i was going to let it rest some and recuperate and i was only going to plant the springtime some of my sweet potatoes a late spring early summer winter squash man this white dutch clover would be ideal for that scenario yeah so it’s heat tolerant it’s drought tolerant uh up north where way up north where they have pretty mild summers uh it almost grows like a perennial and you can it’ll take close mowing so you can mow it down pretty close and it looks like grazing and mowing you can cut it and come again whereas the crimson uh you can’t do that as much now i would say i’ve had a one drawback i’d say it’s not as good for the pollinators is the crimson or the the other one you get mentioned here we call it frost diversion firstly i would say of the clovers that we sell it’s probably on the low end as far as being great for pollinators i mean it’s a clover so it’s still good for pollinators but it’s not as good as redstone would be the only disadvantage i can see to it the last one here the frosty berseam which is one people might not be as familiar with and there’s a reason they call this frosty let me go over the bersian part so first though so bracium uh as far as the research i’ve done and our seed supplier i’ve talked to is the heaviest nitrogen fixing of the clovers so it fixes considerable more nitrogen than the white dutch or the uh crimson the other good thing about the versieum this particular string called frosty uh because there’s there’s several berseem clovers out there and uh when i was talking to our supplier i said you know this is something people are going to be growing as a cover crop throughout the fall of winter he said get the frosty it’s hot it’s cold tolerant down to single digits wow that’s good stuff there that means a good proportion of the country could actually grow this one uh whereas other ones might winter kill a little easier this one there it’s going to stay there and stay already there again it can withstand moldings or grazing right yeah it’s a multi-cut one you can uh you can cut it or turn some chicken loose on it or whatever you want to do so those are the clovers clover’s one of the prettiest ones in my opinion they are it’s beautiful let’s talk about these other legumes we have uh we’ll go through a couple that we’ve had and then talk about these new ones so the first one is the austrian winter pea and you can grow austrian winter pea by itself but i think it really works good in a cocktail and i did it with vetch and radish last year the the radish just out competed a little bit at the beginning i think the pea and the veg combination is a really really good one yeah i have some seeds here it’s about the size of an english pea and here again you can plant these with our cedar works great with the cedar excuse me if you want you can plant it with a cedar because it’s a nice uniform round seed there and these things just were wonderful they stand a good bit of coal extend the coal they’re going to fix a good bit of nitrogen compared to other cover crops they work really good for grazing your animals your livestock gonna love them and they give you a really good ground cover yeah let me tell you the way i plant them i i plant them with the cedar a lot of times i just go out and broadcast them normally what you want to do when you plant these cover crops is you want to plant them twice as deep as the thickness of the seed or let me put it let me rephrase that word it another way you want to plant it just as deep as the thickness of that seed is in a garden situation where you got water available to it you can get by with that now out in a deer plot or somewhere like that that you ain’t got ways to water it you need to put them deeper than that but in a garden situation you want to plant them twice well one time as deep as what they are you’re gonna have irrigation on it yeah so so the bigger the seed the deeper you can plant these small seeds like mustard and clovers just get them right underneath there you’ll be fine so we talked about mixing that with the vetch and uh i don’t have any vets so you don’t have any vetch over there so the vetch is a good one uh it makes some really really long vines it kind of vines on the ground gives some good ground cover those vines can get up to 12 foot long yeah you know the vets you know my favorite way of planting [ __ ] i love to pair it with uh rye right rye or oaks or anything like that that’s a monocot that has a good straight stem can’t climb up they can support that veg i think it’s a wonderful combination because you get the best of both worlds you get a cereal grain and then you get a legume yeah i think the veg is a good one to mix with another legume or to mix with a brassica cover crop also the pollinators light [ __ ] it has a nice purple purple bloom oh yeah all right the other

legume that we just added is this marble chickpea we’ve been selling the fire out of this a lot of people been asking for chickpeas people that wanted to grow chickpeas to eat themselves might not have known that it also makes a good cover crop you’ve never heard the term garbanzo bean that’s the same thing as a chickpea you like hummus not really not really i really like hummus uh so that’s what you use to make hummus is chickpeas so you can grow these as a cover crop you can also harvest them uh if you want to make that’s kind of a uppy-deputy thing hummus ain’t it not really it’s more kind of mediterranean say i don’t think i’ve ever bought any hummus really you need to get with the times hummus is all the all the rage we have the tailgates all kinds of stuff just good good good food i thought it was a snooty-tooty type thing i didn’t know regular folks hate it no no i don’t think so but the marble chickpea like i said you can harvest them if you want to and you can eat them it’s a good one to follow any heavy feeder because it’s a really good nitrogen fixer also has really really deep tap roots anytime you have deep tap roots you’re going to get some good nutrient scavenging now on to the brassicas and this is where we start talking a little bit about this process called biofumigation so you like eating mustard from the garden you know when you eat mustard it’s got a little bit of spicy teas to it and that spicy tinge comes from these things called glucosinolates and when you chop those up and till them into the soil those things convert into another molecule called isothiocyanates are some big words basically what happens is they get rid of a lot of your harmful nematodes or harmful soil pests excuse me so we call that a biofumigant the concept is that you want to grow as much biomass as you can it only works if you chop it up till it in the soil get it in the soil quick quick yep it’s got to get enough soil the recommendation is around 15 minutes get in how long get it in yep if you got a big heavy duty tiller you can skip the mowing part and you can just turn it in if you don’t got as big of a tiller mow it and have somebody coming right behind you with a tiller the ideal situation is if you have a flail mower and somebody coming behind you we’re right behind you with a tiller because every time you cut that leaf it has the capability of releasing more gas so the broad leaf mustard we’ve talked about that using that as a biofumigant and the reason is is because it serves two functions i mean it’s a biofumiga as a cover crop as organic matter but also you get the benefit of eating it the broad leaf monster yeah it’s good stuff you can go out there harvest some and eat it now let’s say you want to kick it up a notch on the biofumigation part so we got a new one called kodiak brown mustard now this is not a mustard you want to eat no i expect it’d be a little on the hot side yeah so the hotter you get on the mustard and there’s there’s several different levels there i’d say the the broad leaf is on the lighter end this kodiaq is on the far end the the better the biofumigation is going to be the spicier the mustard the better it’s going to work as a biofuming again so we’ve got this kodiak brown mustard that you wouldn’t want to eat there’s going to be a lot more powerful as a biofumigant so if you got some real hard core nematode problems or other you know bad soil pest problems that’s going to do the trick also for you folks out there have a problem with deer you have trouble growing cover crops because deer just love them this would be the one for you i think yeah i don’t i don’t think they would bother them we’ll talk about that and a question coming up so let’s not give that away okay a little hit over there so we covered the two mustards now we got two of these what we call forage crops and we got two of them we’ve got this african forage cabbage and we’ve got these impact forage collards okay let me go over though both of these are really good cover crops they got real deep roots they’re going to do a lot of nutrient scavenging for you but they also are great for growing if you’re going to turn in some chickens maybe even some hogs some goats whatever if you’re gonna kind of incorporate that into your garden so those animals can feed on those cover crops and feed your soils and kind of have a nice little natural system there so these cabbage and collards that we’re using for cover crops that we’re speaking of have a seed size that’s real similar to this mustard right here which is a very small seed so you could see them with the cedar again also or you could broadcast them just be careful if you broadcast them try not to get them too thick so the african forage cabbage uh is is not like a traditional head cabbage so open leaf cabbage

and has really deep tap roots this one is one that a lot of people recommend mixing with other things they say it works really good if you mix it with tillage radish because that’s also a good nutrient scavenger so we’ve got african forage cabbage and and all these forage ones can tolerate a good bit of traffic in there and as long as you didn’t just leave hogs in there for four weeks they should kind of grow back maintain their root structure the other one is these impact forage collards and i don’t think these are collards that you necessarily want to eat but your animals would love to eat them and supposedly these forage collards have some of the highest nutrient value for a forage crop out there and they’re extremely cold tolerant down to zero so our friends up north could grow these without any worry yeah i don’t know how far north you got to go to getting a zero degree you got to get away they’re being in those zebra degrees yeah you got to get above here well i don’t think i’ve been to zero i’ve been close to it i was up in virginia one time got pretty cold i’ve been in single digits about like seven or so i ain’t never been there i’ve been to that here but yeah um i was in germany i got down to that in germany anyway that’s cold that’s too cold for me yeah too cold for me so you got the impact collards there gonna give you a lot of biomass on those uh great little cover crop i would say if you got chickens well that’d be yeah that would be a good you got chickens that cabbage or that collards or you can mix them together uh would be a perfect one i might even throw in do the cabbage the collards and throw in a little tillage radish and just have a little boom boom pal there that little ghost pepper pepper jelly pairs well with the cheese which cheese you like better than me i like both of them i just love cheese but it pairs well with cheese yeah it’s going good but i’ve noticed if you get one of them flakes in there you better hold your breath because it’s fishing up boom boom that’s where the that’s where that’s where the goodies at ain’t it the last brassica one is one we’ve talked about a ton which is the tillage radish and this is works wonders if you have harder compacted soils but even in our sandy soils we found it to be very beneficial as a nutrient scavenger this is one i plant every year and also you can eat these radishes these are the daikon breed of radishes that you’ll see in the grocery store so you could eat them you can eat these as well but every year i’m going to plant at least one of my spots in daikon radishes and the reason is is it does such a great job breaking my subsoil up and they’re so easy to get rid of you till these things one time and they decompose real rapidly yep they break down fast they’re good for any soil type i like to uh i like to mix them with something i don’t like to grow them just by themselves i like to combine them with something because what will happen uh from my experience they’ll outpace about any of these cover crops they’re they’re the one the fastest to get up and go and what happened though is sure as well coming into november early december we’ll get a freeze and the freeze will knock back the foliage on these now it doesn’t necessarily seem to affect or at least it freezes we get it doesn’t make the radishes themselves turn into jello like it would to get a real hard freeze so once that freeze kind of zaps back that radish vegetation then your other ones in the cocktail can kind of take over yeah and it just works really well as a kind of succession within a plot the last one there’s winter rye right which is primarily used for forage however it does a great job for plant for cover crop it’s easy to put out there now of all the ones that we sell this is one that i would not recommend planting with our cedar is a very oblong seed and it doesn’t lend itself well to a vegetable cedar now a lot of people use drills with these and that worked fine but you don’t want to try to see these you want to broadcast this out and rake it in hair it in very lightly and it’ll work good it’s easy to get up my opinion that one germinates better in real cold temps than any of them i planted some uh last year in the middle of december uh after it then got fairly cool germinates really good in cool soil so you can wait a little while on that one uh it also makes a really dense kind of matte slash network of vegetation that’s really good for weed suppression the one downside to that in my opinion this one is the toughest to get rid of i wouldn’t throw this in a raised bed situation or a situation you really got to have a harrow or a tiller to get this kind of incorporated into the soil and it’s going to usually take more than one pass yeah but this and i’m going to touch on this

in just a second if you’ve got a soil that you’ve had problems with disease in soil this is a great one to grow to kind of cleanse that soil up a little bit these ryes have attributes to them so that they can you know have activity on the soils and it cleans the soil of disease pathogens yeah so i know everybody’s going to ask when should you be planting these cool season cover crops we maybe should cover that at the beginning our ideal time we try to plant is it for me is anywhere you know early october to middle of october but i have planted later than that been fine the winter ride like i said you’ve got plenty of leeway there i tell people as far as cool season stuff goes cover crops aim for about a month and a half or so before your average first frost date a month and a half to two months before your average first frost date um that’s going to give it plenty of time to kind of get up and go and those first few light freezes probably ain’t gonna they’re not gonna hurt any of these now you start getting in the teens it might zap some of them but not that you know we got the frosty which is really cold tyler or them cat the collards which are really cold tolerant so so as i mentioned before these cover crops have got to do something for you and i made a little quick reference guide here i’m gonna go over real quick so you give you an idea of what strategy you may want to implement with cover crops so corn if you had corn on a spot you want to follow it with a legume such as clover veg chickpea or australian pea or which is not a legume you could also use the african forage cabbage and that’s gonna scavenge and save so much nutrients for you so those behind corn if you’re interested in pollinators and being really kind to you pollinators you want to plant one of the clovers or a veg if you have some real tight clay soils daikon radish you got to do that it’s a no-brainer there okra if you’re facing some nematode problems we always have problems with nematodes yeah any of those you can go behind those with those mustards that kodiak brown is going to be your best one there if you want to eat it you can plant the regular broadleaf but think mustard is behind where you had nematode problems if you need to clean up an area let’s say you did have some some night shades or some peppers that you grown in the area you had some blood problems or you had a lot of disease in there that rise we talked about would be a great one to clean that up to improve your organic matter in your soil that impact forage collards would be a great we’re always concerned about increasing or putting organic matter back in the soil and i think that collards ones that’s going to make it down to zero degrees is going to be a no-brainer just simply because the amount of biomass it’s going to produce when collards make big old thick crops there’s no bad decisions being made but that just gives you a guide of why you want to plant one behind a particular crop and everybody’s situation’s different some people may have something to forage come in there for some people may not some people you know have different ways just my little bit of offer there i think that’s very good very good thank you so much we got some questions from last week’s show and uh if we answer your question on the show send us an email to cussserve hosstools.com with your address and we’ll send you a nice little prize first one’s from john mendez and he says thanks for covering these topics question regarding cover crops do you know of a cover crop that deer won’t eat or one that will repel deer that’s a good question and like we mentioned earlier i think the only and i haven’t proven this but i think the only one we got that deer might not eat is that kodiak brown mustard the rest of them it’s going to be a dear heaven they’re going to love it now you can look at that one or two ways you can use that to your advantage and fill up your freezer if you want to or if you just live in somewhere where they won’t let you harvest the deer or they just getting on your nerves and you get can’t get out there and kill them i’d say the kodiak brown mustard would probably be the least appetizing of all the cover crops yeah another way to look at it is a plant one that maybe can withstand some grazing right now these peas are not going to withstand grazing once they knock them back to the ground it’s over with they’re not going to come back but some of these if you know you’re going to have a bad deer problem some of these clovers or things that can withstand that that that grazing and then bounce back would be a good strategy like the frosty or maybe some of the forage cats or collards all right number two for greg it’s from greg hari b and he says hey i’m trying to grow cabbage for the first time this year and something has eaten them alive and that’s what we used to always say when we be on a creek fishing and skeeters get bad eat me a lot he said what’s the best product to use for pest control keep it as organic as possible on this cabbage well you can start your spray program and we’ve been over this several times of neem oil

spinosad and bt alternate them and that will cover a lot of your pests and keep them pretty clean there’s also something else and we actually don’t sell these we may in the future but these row covers work real good for keeping flea beetles and worms and moths off your greens this time of year i’m becoming i’ve gotta see if you use them from the get-go start laying eggs on them you through you got to use them and you got to use them correctly and i’m going to do some testing on this later on this year but i’m beginning to think row covers have a place in the garden i’d be interested to see how you like it i’m not sold that it’s worth the time uh it’s going to be on a small scale i do know that it has to be on a small scale yeah for me a good rotation of spinosad bt uh never fails me especially in the cool season but uh i’d be interested to see the uh the flea beetles the biggest reason i would use it would be one would be flea beetle control all right the next question comes from james garrett and it’s for travis he said how do you get rid of squirrels they are all they are all my own my broccoli and cabbage we had a top over there but they are all on my broccoli and cabbage we’ll forgive james first yeah it’s all right it’s okay james so this is this is the way i i recommend getting rid of squirrels and some people will use a rifle but i i i i ain’t the best shot in the world and i like to make sure i do the trick so get you a 12 gauge or 20 gauge and you can’t go out there with the intention are you gonna kill a squirrel in the first two minutes because they they they are a little bit leery so what you got to do is you got to kind of get get them acclimated to you so you just keep your shotgun out there by the garden when you work in the garden you just kind of sit there and look at them squirrels and watch them for a little bit and uh you’ll catch them slipping they got a pretty short memory when you catch them slipping you lay them down lay one or two of them down get you a good sharp knife and you skin them up skin them up cut them up get your cast iron skillet get you some grease hot and you’re going to put them in some flour just like you would fried chicken you know fry up them legs on that squirrel there and when you get done frying it make you a little bit of brown gravy and you get your bag of them frozen biscuits ones you got to cook beside each other yeah i’m talking about get some gravy you fried squirrel your biscuits and go out there and sit out your garden and eat that in front of them other squirrels out there let them know what’s happening and let them know what could happen to them how was you to get hungry again or get upset about your cabbage he used to the own but i’ll take fried squirrel any day right with fried rabbit squirrel has always been funny if you’re gonna fry it yeah i like i like squirrel better than rabbit i like rabbit done a little different in the crop pot well most times a little older and they’re a little tougher and you have to cook them a little bit longer depending on what kind of you know if it was a fox i wouldn’t eat no fox squirrel but i you know grey squirrel yeah yeah just i i don’t really care for eating most swamp rabbits we beat a bunch of them we have but i i prefer cottontail yeah all right number four is from dave robbins and he says uh do you have any insect pressure with a transplant should have started in the greenhouse a lot of people ask us how do you handle pest pressure on the seed trays themselves the same way you would handle them out in the garden but we never have any problems in the greenhouse never had any problems in the greenhouse i can think of maybe one time in the last four years i have sprayed the greenhouse maybe one time and it’s right next to the garden so it’s not like it’s geographically isolated or anything i just have never had any issues and now i would probably knock down my dosage a little bit if i was going oh yeah yeah and then you won’t want to find or spray some like a mist it may be to the fact that we don’t never let them stress hardly in the in the greenhouse because you know insects love a stressed plant yeah well our plants are well fed well watered in there uh the other thing is it just just kind of pops to my mind is what might be an explanation if if for some reason you you know your seed trays or maybe have some egg residue on them and you’re getting some recurring pests there uh that could be an issue ours are we i just kind of wash ours off but we leave them in the greenhouse where it gets hot enough to kill about anything you definitely if you’re using the bottom trays you don’t want any standing water yeah all right well that is going to do us do it for us just just as a reminder everybody this is what this is what lsu’s record is right now um so we got the um the auburn tigers coming in athens we did some work on them we did some work that last one i got on that cracker there a lot of the guys that’s pretty good we got a little bit

left of that that matt matt king right mm-hmm thank you to matt for sending us that that is some fine fine stuff right there first time i’ve ever eaten ghost peppers we might have to fight over these two jars i might uh one of these might end up in my camper on the camping camping trip pretty soon anyway hope everybody enjoyed that show if you got any other questions about cool season cover crops what to plant techniques any of that put those in the comments below and it’s time folks time to be getting serious about the cover crops if you enjoyed the show don’t forget to give us a big thumbs up hit that subscribe button hit that bell button so you get notified every time we come out the new video and if you did enjoy tonight’s show we got two videos right here showing some in the field cool season cover crop stuff i think you really enjoy those as well we’ll see you next time take care

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