welcome everyone on Android waken president/ceo here is the Pompey zoo and conservation society so it’s definitely my pleasure to welcome you to our second lecture of the 2015 conservation leadership lecture series presented by Bank of America we’re very grateful to have behind us in this endeavor we have from Bank of America Stephanie Glavine and win the cloud here tonight where are you guys there we go I hope you saw the cocktail napkins with their name on it was really important to have that but seriously bank of america is just a terrific organization that is very interested in educating people in general not that they educate us but they want people to engage and talk and think about how we can make our community a better place a stronger place a place in which we support each other so education even continues on when you’re IH our age right we continue to do things a nice of banks america they’re behind us in this leadership lecture series it’s hugely important i think fpl for to power and light is also sue sue block to parker sewer you hear from fpm know there must be a power outage somewhere because sue is constantly helping us with our own systems and fpl is very much behind the renewable energy that we have here at the zoo we double the amount of renewable solar power that we’re producing on site this past year and we’re working on now on a major new initiative in our parking lot I can’t tell you all the details but I pretty much just did and that’s really going to be exciting for us going forward we also have from Florida Farm Bureau Eva web is here where’s Eva all right I didn’t know charged off the Florida arm your Eva until until we got to know dr. John zaheen oremus and before the farm bureau does a terrific job they’re just talking about agriculture and general how farmers work together promoting the industry and really you know we’re talking about growing things out in the natural world any environment you’re talking about wildlife habitats out there so we’re interested in farming how it gets done and that’s a lot about what we’re going to talk about tonight so dr Issie all I can say is you better be on your game is Eve this year we also have a couple of board members here Bob Duncan from us just walk where are you thanks for being here here in the second well-being I have video in my game tonight with board members here so that’s great um so I’ll leave the rest of the announcements for later on after a program that typically what we’ll do is we’ll have our speaker will go for 40 minutes or so and have a good chance for question and answers at the end but I just want to make a couple comments before we introduce dr. lett sihina rainbow Santa I a couple things that come to mind and thinking about what we’re going to talk about tonight urban agriculture and the first thing you may think this makes absolutely no sense but connecting with our community feeling like you’re part of something feel like you’re part of the neighborhood the last climate catastrophe we had that I could call here in South Florida it was two thousand six maybe and I’ll forget the hurricane named we had a couple hurricanes come through how many people were here when that was going on the organ Carmen right man took two thousand four five Wilma Oh Paul I can remember was fortunately you know the roof of my house didn’t blow off but a lot of trees are down power is out for a couple weeks six weeks okay two weeks and ice cream six weeks six with us a long time but you know what happened one of the things that happened I felt and my community was that I felt like I got to know my neighbors a little bit any electricity so I was really nice even someone’s you know kitchen we’re at air conditioning a generator and in my house we had natural gas and a gas-fired hot water heater which meant showers we’re tap our neighborhood didn’t have so people were going back and forth and we’re learning a lot about basic infrastructure and how they birkin and it just was I know it was a wonderful thing kind of brought my neighborhood together and it really started speaking to a sense of self-reliance we could figure things out

in times that were tough and we could work together and be part of a community so those that was sort of a climate catastrophe down here and when you know you’re thinking about wildlife conservation what we do every day of the zoo you’re talking and we’re all talking about competing for resources competing for habitat right before us it was just all wildlife and so now we’re building things and we’re needing space and we need to grow food we need to do all of that and it means pressure pressure on land pressure on wildlife habitat the end of the day for a lot of those animals you know they can live in our backyard fly around our houses but when you’re talking about we refer to it as a class one animal an animal they can eat you you know those those apex predators can’t really hang out heard it doesn’t work very well or doesn’t work very long from our perspective so we’re competing for their space right all over the planet that’s what’s happening as our population is growing as us the FX qatar riyal apex predator is growing we’re pushing and taking pushing and taking wildlife habitat for any kind of thing we’re doing go to hospital bills school build a church built a house you know grow some food we’re taking their space so eventually if we’re going to grow and grow and grow there is a limited amount of space on the planet and since we can’t really have a text predators in our backyard they will eventually be pushed off the cliff edge of extinction unless we do something ok so these issues about what we’re doing and how we preserve protect how we act in our everyday lives it may help wildlife are the things that we’re interested in talking about so you may look at our our conservation leadership lecture schedule this year and wonder why we talked about renewable energy why are we talking about growing food why are we talking about energy production what connection is that have humanity just one small detail I want any want to know in this room if you’re here at the last lecture or if you weren’t here the last lecture what you miss was the Florida Power and Light has been the principal plunder of all manatee research it’s gone on in Florida probably in the whole country but the principal advancement of knowledge of manatees has happened because of our utility coming I’m pretty proud of so yes right so we’re competing for space and every every animal is under pressure I was reading a book recently by a guy named alex eppstein a very great guy wrote a book called the moral case for fossil fuel interesting topic right I thought that was something I had to read I want to know what the normal case was and alex is kind of like look pressure what pressure would be talking about climate change of global warming seriously all the predictions that talk about record temperature increases have been false I really haven’t happened all this happened is the average temperature on the planet has gone up by we can debate it here in his room a half to three quarters of the jury what are we talking about what’s the big deal well I thought that was a pretty rational argument i said well she’s made up but ought to read more closely what’s going on so a friend gave me another excellent book from the other end of the spectrum called climate shock by a guy named Mark Shapiro and mark was talking about drastic change in the food production industry particularly in California and that was happening from the changes in climate weather patterns a little bit warmer temperatures were much longer period of time or cold snaps at very unusual points in time and I was reading along reading along I was like what kind of catastrophe were we talking about because when I last one for publix cucumbers were dollar wellness you buy their game points they’re four dollars but they were down last year dollar this year doesn’t seem to be changing when was the last time anyone in this room I know soft food prices quadruple right it doesn’t seem to be happening so what’s all this talk about about climate catastrophe in the food and the food industry of what I learned was if you look closely the insurance industry really knows what’s happening because the insurance industry is it is profitable or non-existent by their ability to look at probability and statistics and figure out what’s going on and maybe make a good bet on on the future so the last time it was for one of the biggest climate catastrophes in this country for agriculture with in the 1930s during the Dust Bowl in Oklahoma and Texas hundreds of thousands of families were wiped out from the farming

industry and that we all probably got the 8th grade read Grapes of Wrath that we had to somehow get through which I loved by the way but crop insurance was born out of that climate Cassidy today the USDA ones that program so we can buy a cucumber for a dollar so there’s a tremendous pressure on the food production business in this country in California in particular the payouts for crop insurance crop insurance is backed by all of us pay federal taxes proper insurance payouts in 2010 were 4.3 billion dollars 2010-2011 they were ten point eight billion discovers farmers losses 2012 17 point three billion so things are happening out there and I’m not really sure what they are but we’re all being covered by our federal government now those things are getting smooth over but that might not last forever and the possibility that we need to be prepared for some changes going forward i think is real and so that brings us around to a topic like throwing food in our own backyard which i think is an incredibly interesting perspective and it’s the kind of thing we do a visit we’re concentrating our local paper i think was going on two years ago we read about dr. Jones and he erases backyard was it a Palm Beach published mr. G’s we gotta find this fella so we heard that he was growing up food not only fetus whole family but he was having like dinner parties for 20 deeper and everybody was just eating whatever was you’ve drawn in his backyard that’s a good grief he must have like hundred acres out there so we called him up it was it John what do you do can we come over so the group us went over to his house and it was like it was like any other house in South for beautiful house enemy the same thing commute is a few Eddie it’s a beautiful but I was sure it was going to be a huge expansive backyard with crops growing everywhere wouldn’t be half he had a backrub backyard as big as this whole space for sitting right here but it was a incredible wildlife ecological patent in addition of growing food there were all kinds of other things going on which I want to steal his thunder but but it was fascinating and I thought there was an awful lot to learn and we should be sharing that with all of our visitors and guests so that’s why we’re here tonight so to introduce dr. Johnson Tina Ramos is we’re going going to have one of the true superstars at the zoo one of the opportunities we have with this leadership lecture series is to get the people on their feet who make a huge difference for this institution we have a lotta rising stars or 82 to 100 people working at the zoo the time of year but cassey client is a leading education specialist for us is her fifth year here at the zoo she’s in her fifth year she graduated from Delaware Valley College London of course in 2010 this is a smart gal with a BS in animal behavior and frankly she spends her time taking the zoo on the road taking animals out in a van to schools and places where people cannot either before or cannot physically get to our institution she’s on the road a lot and when she’s not on the road for 10 weeks in the summer she’s pretty much running our zoo camp program which is 600 kids running around the zoo all summer in the 90 plus degree heat she has a Bachelor of Science degree in animal behavior to get that position of running our zoo camp anyway she does for remarkable job she’s a true zoustar she’s been elected by her peers as one of the most positive thinking influential employees that we have she is an excellent instructor she’s certified in horseback riding instruction and archery as well and my favorite oil fencing she’s a team cap in high school in foil fencing so not only is she a good teacher but she’s also dangerous anyway Patsy Cline rising star Tom bisous here to make the introductions Cassie Thank You Angela introduction so welcome everybody so glad that everyone is here tonight it is my pleasure to introduce dr. John Zaffino rainbows affectionately known as dr. Zee as noted scientist who is at the forefront of research into the

benefits of urban agriculture he holds a master’s of science degree in biological sciences and a PhD in geosciences his dissertation research was focused on the attitudes and perspectives of urban residents to home food growing for more than 16 years dr. Zia was a professional environmental scientist for the state of Florida and worked at Everglades research with Duke University School of environment of the environment for seven years dr. Z is currently an adjunct professor at Palm Beach State College teaching courses and environmental napping he is the president of pasta hygiene company a consulting firm whose services are focused on urban agriculture and environmental issues as well as an avid backyard food grower and founder of just one backyard web resource to promote the practice and sustainable food growing particularly in cities his latest book just one backyard one man search for food sustainability premiering tonight at our event you can get it signed by him after our lecture chronicles changes from local food production to dependency on the industry agricultural systems in place today it also details the results of his five-year backyard food growing study and documents the wide range and wide range of benefits that can be realized from sustainable urban food production so please join me in welcoming dr. G thank you so very very much can you hear me all the way in the back thanks good supposed to be your friend there’s some extra napkins how about that part so a little side note yes I’m speaker the gentleman that looks like a leader in those stars their home my spouse and i didn’t have a discussion about whether to wear white or dry shirt and the white one out at the risk of iniesta surf breaks it is faulty prevalent a privilege and a pleasure to be in front of you tonight I really do appreciate the opportunity and how wonderful it is to have people were interested in the same things that I’m interested in and we can have a nice discussion so thank you for coming I’m from a farm family I come from a farming or agricultural background I myself another farmer I’m urban agricultural this but my grandfather was born believe it or not over 150 years ago in Germany and immigrated to this country and homesteaded 160 acres of iowa prairie in northwestern Iowa northeastern Iowa and my mother was born on the farm almost 100 years ago and she would gather usamos children when I was younger and put us into the car we would have a usually a large Cadillac Sedan or something or a station wagon I would go to the country homestead and we would do a little visiting but you know life we must do an altar vegetable garden we get a vegetable garden in our backyard in the city but we also had a very large block out on homestead so that we can grow fruits and vegetables for ourselves I was born and raised on local food and by the time I was 20 years old and completely transitioned dependency on food from supermarkets so this long generational span of years that I heard my family from my grandfather type errands to myself we saw the profound changes that had occurred in this country in terms of agricultural production and in terms of the loss of natural habitat when my grandfather homesteaded his piece of land the great American prairie in the Midwest was still pretty much intact so buffalo were gone by him the Bison but the Prairie was still there by the time my mother was born the Prairie was mostly gone and so very little remaining that she probably never sign here so by the time I came around we had started to switch from local foods over to a dependency on supermarket foods which travel an estimated average of 1,400 miles per product so i started my dissertation I’m sorry life might not go over some years I originally started in the field of environmental restoration and biogeography biogeography is the study

of why plants and animals are where they are why they live where they live and after a year year and a half and the program I decided to make a change because quite honestly environmental restoration in biogeography I had been doing that professionally for almost 20 years and by that time it wasn’t exciting I’ve been doing it there wasn’t a whole lot move to be learned the soy switched over urban agriculture and as I got deeper in urban agriculture in my doctoral degree I found out that the two were almost inseparable never thought about that for so that’s the thing with my topic of my talk this evening so as an inch of the 20th century there’s been a profound change in agriculture and population in this country those two things particularly after nineteen fifty after world war two and one of the changes in agriculture in particular was that it became industrialized the industrialized agriculture system came out of the industrial revolution of the eighteen hundreds mechanization mass production and high intensity farm at most were all born out of the industrial revolution and they became widespread widespread practices starting about the 1950s where you have a field that’s debts landed in just one crop type that was pretty much unheard of before that that was a new invention and along with that came the movement of Agriculture out of the rural areas because before that agriculture was mostly an activity that her own cities believe it or not so looking at this diagram Jeremy over to the side so you can meet the legend over here d so edge of this to be an area and green area to me natural habitat natural land and these oranges areas is what a little yellow to in there perhaps of consider those three cities and before about 1900 and all the way back to be gang of human settlements agriculture was pretty much around the city and these were called market parts they produce local agriculture that fed into the city and they would literally take these by ox carts into the city and sell their products every single day and then people start things over the winter and this was how agriculture and how our food system was until about nineteen hundred and if they started to change with the explosion in population that occurred particularly during the mid 1900s our cities grew profoundly and what they did is that they built over the top of the local agricultural lands over there they took them over on top of them and displaced agriculture out into the rural areas along with government subsidies that encourage rural agriculture development and so we ended up with this kind of situation today we have cities that are separated from where food growing areas are and their food growing areas are mostly known rural areas and you see the shrinkage of that we don’t have a cat that has happened because of the expansion of human settlement over the last century and so it is we’ve lost so much fun like habitat but they’re a null species threatened with extinction because of that and if you want to meet some of these I’ll show them to you it’s something are right here on center window we have they done any given is rather on a gregarious primate maybe the force of Malaysian island of Sumatra important part of the forest ecology it’s very difficult to separate an animal out of the forest ecology because they’re so integrated they perform certain things within the environment that no one else does as all you remove them from the environment where they become lost from the environment the ecology actually changes because of their absence habitat losses of injured threat to this species of conversion Amanda agriculture humans and illegal logging and a portrait of human development and this is going to become order broken record as I keep going through here the bowling line same thing native to the coastal forests of Brazil beautiful animal mutual interaction between 96 species of plants and what mutualistic interaction means is that this guy here eats the seeds of things and it carries the scenes off maybe one two three four miles down and drops them and so this issues may be responsible for transporting and

planting seeds of a tree or shrubs in other parts of the forest and so the tree would normally not be able to distribute itself around the forest 96 stations have plants those kinds of interactions with dis animals so you can see that if we lose this animal to the forest it can be catastrophic to the forest itself it’s a nature that it’s a manger because rumbling through two by four senators original habitat still retains another species the ring-tailed lemur beautiful and rather interesting coloration that gastar endangered status to habitat loss madagascar has lost about ninety percent of its native forest which this thing likes to ligand profound losses the Mexican spider monkey little closer to home care south of the border of Mexico and Central America relies on food flowers and seeds for food but if you cut those trees down and those issues have to go away and if you’re left with a print clean dangerous species because of habitat loss cotton-top tamarin comfortable forests of North West Columbia important seed dispersers so this plays a very important role and the forest ecology as these other species have critically endangered because large-scale have aesthetic destruction five percent of the original habitat retains a little closer to hold up right here in Florida originally when the Europeans arrived more than half of the area of state of Florida was covered in lakes and wetlands by 1980s 9.3 million acres of wetlands from the state of florida had been lost it’s about one acre per resident as of the 1980s population where this used to be all natural habitat the white area is no longer white is no longer completely functioning wildlife habitat in some cases it’s only partially functional but these are mostly settled lands agricultural lands and sorry reserves are shown here in these colors so I protective multiple use and other things so of course we’re going to have some species that are not doing so well in the United States in general is this is going to knock you on your feet this is back at my Iowa I need a viable homeland I said number 16 million where the first European settler survived a 1890 there were only 750 known to exist in scattered earns the Great North American prairie that this 60 million bison lived on once covered 545 million acres and here’s the extent of it basically going from the state of Illinois out to the Rocky Mountains unfortunately only a few percent of the original area appalled grass prairie is even still in existence on this occurred would expand up one single generation which is phenomenal sometimes we lose habitat because it’s jen local bank but in these cases these were widespread changes that happen very quickly this is a just some of the remnant tallgrass prairie discover names whereas this went all the way up to canada and it’s all combined with other mosque the Prairie contained an enormous by biodiversity look at this 570 Mike’s more than four minutes NT by species of birds more than two thousand thousand species of invertebrates more than 800 species of herbaceous flowering plants and more than 90 species of mammals there was a virtual certainty planes and most of its time but to put this in perspective in Brazil the tropical rain forest remember the outcry of the tropical rain forest the last decades and the concerns worldwide between 1990 2005 every year 1 i’m sorry 11,500 square miles of brazil’s tropical forest was we’ll stick it out but to put this in perspective event rates it would have taken more than a half century to even start to approach the amount Abbott at loss that we lost with the great American prairie other ecosystems have been heavily impacted the rate of wetland loss in the North eter is then profound from 1780 until nineteen eighty we lost an average of one acre per minute it’s just staggering so there’s no wonder that we have species that are on threatened in and extinction especially those are

dependent on these kinds of habitats so but humans need places to live too we have basic necessities we need clean water you need clean air we need shelter you need help me food and for the first time in the history of this planet there are no more people living in urbanized areas and our people in rural areas which is had a profound impact on people themselves today very little on the food that is consumed by permanent residence as in grown locally the majority of it has traveled an average of fourteen hundred miles to get to you in the grocery store that’s an awful long way of there’s a lot of energy consumption associated with them and as population growth and people start to move in the cities more is that’s the trend and population grows more land is going to be required to grow more food how do we learn to feed these additional people the ecological footprint of cities is a concept that has been studied by scientists in the last decade ritual an ecological footprint is the amount of ecological resources or the amount of ecological damage that occurs because the residents of the city don’t produce their own food they don’t produce phone water they don’t produce grown lumber to build analysis they don’t produce their own resources with which to survive so they have to get those resources from somewhere else and we take those resource from somewhere else then there’s impact delay deferred from the urban landscape off to another another place so one ecological impact of cities is that you must have attacked on the urban area itself is constructed so everywhere we have saved today that was historically urban habitat at one time and then when you construct the city you have raw materials wood for building and concrete and all kinds of things to build that city when you have to belong to the natural environment and you have to extract those resources that further damages habitat or we lose habitat because of that and then we was more habitat again when we have put all of our food production remote areas because everywhere with his farm field that to use to be natural habitat so you start to add these of a common denominator is habitat loss and as I mentioned before why my habitat needs wildlife the species that live there particularly the larger animals have important legal I zabal significance to maintaining that advocate in fact that’s really lose them and natural lands are much much more than wildlife habitat we oftentimes just see it in this places where there’s you know birds and bunnies and bees but the fact of the matter is is that they fight something called books and services he would like that welfare are very much dependent on the goods and services that natural lands provide to us goods and services and put things like clean air natural lands cleanse the area that we breathe natural and cleanse the water that we drink how about your people how many people here live in the city of west palm beach you know that you’re drinking water comes out of public it’s captured rent fall and so your water comes out of the natural environment and one reason that it’s clean is because it’s coming from the environment and clean it’s cleansed by the wetland wetlands and other natural areas recharge our groundwater supplies and we withdrawal that water through wells for our drinking water from a municipalities it’s our water resources and these natural areas have a really significant amount of wild food available in them and they also have a lot of extractable products and we’re very familiar with the extractable products longer things like that but we don’t offer to take a lot of the wild foods what do you think about it the Native Americans didn’t send out for seed catalogs they didn’t they’d enjoy the grocery stores they knew the foods the wild foods that were around them and we largely for not looked family don’t eat them and we don’t use them in at the shame because we consider our wild lands as being places that don’t produce food for us when in fact they produce food will just not recognize it so we never will conflict boiling water we have a rise in human elation and as the human population expands it destroys the natural habitat if you have to build a city and the ecological footprint of cities further degrades natural lands outside the city

and when we use that for lands it reduces the environments and services that we rely on the plain water the clean air and the intractable resources and those extractable resources can be extracted sustainable and my sustainably that means they can be taken forever perpetually out of the system as long as they’re taken in small and sustainable quantities you can continually harvested and not to click the resource because it’s renewing them at a rate that’s faster than the rate you’re taking an album so it’s actually a win-win it also really wildlife have done really fast and that’s obviously and in some places here is the real row all the labs can claim if all that divided up here’s the preserves here’s the state parks here’s the national parks here’s our urban area and here’s our agricultural areas it’s all cut up and sliced nice up so what happens when in our urban area grows we lose something what it would do now what this is a chart of human population on earth from the UNM this is that came courting and the population going back to the mid to early eighteen hundreds up to nineteen forty was a very slow and gradual increase in population and starting about 1950 the rate of increase has gone up enormously here we are today and it’s projected to continue and we will essentially double the property population on earth life around 2080 there are the scenarios mass poverty mass disease or natural asker’s to kill an awful lot of people could decline population or they love a lot for whatever reason but this is the one that’s most concerning because it a curious Esther trajectory we’re on and it’s on our doorstep it has been happening continues to happen between 2010 and 2050 the UN predicts that the Earth’s population will increase my 2 billion people concentrated mostly in Africa and Asia so how many people is that two million people is is the other people that was living on earth in 1950 so most of us who were those of you who were around in 1950 just think you’re stumbling up taking all that population and adding it again went on to the face of the earth and to start to see what we’re up against trip between 2020 40 the extent of urbanized area on earth is expected to triple what it currently is that mount land is roughly when linked to the size of the continent of Africa this amount of organization is going to impact the resources that humanity depends upon the with so many species already able to bring the extinction and threatened with extinction can we really stand to lose that much natural habitat permit growth and so far these packs of urbanization of our expanding human population has already probably impacted biodiversity on this earth has already impacted natural habitat and leave the system services that we desperately have gone to keep our environment healthy and clean and safe and becoming urban expansion over the next decades will come at the expense of Natural Resources and it’s when you consume prime farmland as it always has because my fire land is local and the first thing that’s built over as the city grows out is who should we be partly and it’s going to affect biodiversity signal rapid urban expansion is incurring is a current current in in areas that are hot spots of defile diversity and all of that population growth in the next 20-30 years is projected to occur in the areas that are hot spots and biodiversity and the problem is these same regions are the least able and capable of protecting the resources we can create preserves and we have created preserves but sometimes preserves aren’t enough poaching for large samples of large animals that have desirable products associated with I agree fragmented habitat is often inadequate if our preserves our Franklin and habitat for the long period of sustainability then die not be habitat

change due to climate change maybe issue if you have a preserve and you have your animals often fight 4a preserve and if I make changes then that habitats going to change and may not be suitable for that animal anymore and it can’t migrate to a new place because there’s no place for to cuddle and the competition for land between urban agriculture natural land preservation is in some places becoming an issue and as these expand this lab gets more expensive to purchase for preservation and for some species we really can’t purchase enough land fully recover or ensure the viability of that species think of the Florida panther we can’t buy enough and preserve enough land to preserve that species we have to use other creative solutions to do that today’s problem well local fun run this game lost art of an expansion and if Biden food production further out into rural areas when you create the way more cultural lens from natural lands will that’s unsustainable because we’re losing natural habitat kind of this vicious horrible but the extent of agricultural lands has to increase to be these two million more people that are coming on so what’d you do other issues besides them through the use of non renewable energy sources carbon dioxide additions nutrient depletion there’s only so much else no phosphate to be mined on the planet and once it’s gone it’s gone for growing our food of pollution and unsustainable use our resources so one thing is maybe we can slow down the expansion of Potter’s right if we get them more efficient if we don’t need to have so much more ireland out of rural areas and create some more new farms to feed all the people that are coming which brings this question to us can kinetic even some of the existing set of land and farms without expanding and can we feed our additional population growth well maybe but I think in many cases we’ve already hit the plateau we have intensified agriculture as far as we can intensify it we may have a little bit more tweaking that we can do but for the most part we can’t pray on any more corn plants or soybean plants into an acre and you currently are and we have caps on how much fertilizer we can use because of adverse impacts the environment if we overdo it so there’s limits on how far we can go with that but one thing’s for sure is that we have to do sustainable and environmentally contract environmentally friendly bar practices they absolutely have to be and there’s good news on that front an outstanding example is the form of 10 fire murals cares program many farmers of the central part of the state participate in this program what they do is recognize farmers who are instrumental in using sustainable environmentally compatible agricultural practices for the sake of protecting called orange unique environment and protecting it’s agriculture well so that’s a step forward so what about our cities if we can keep our cities from all growing themselves and keep taking more land over that could be something we could work on well so the other hard field retail and urban planners are working on that kind of thing they come up with different kinds of part of development models to make land juice in cities for efficient and more compact and based all modern urban designs think about these things but they plan a neighborhood or they plan the development that think about security and aesthetics and shopping community interaction but interestingly without failure they never think about food production one of the basic necessities of human beings is to have clean and healthy food and yet we build our communities with water with clean water clean a breathable air and clean housing and all these other things but we never include agriculture and football within our communities do we expect the residents to be dependent on an agricultural system that’s commercialized and when you have to learn more commercial outlet to get food you can’t grow it yourself your own community because if they exclude you in some places particularly so what about growing food in cities what people are in agriculture from 40 cities whether it’s a backyard garden / mall marginal actual urban farm what thing about it is it directly reduces the need to create more agricultural land outside the urban

footprint support more population simply put it is a solution to that very very learning problem of growing population but not being able to grow their food what that means the same footprint to be back again there’s some real good precedent for urban agriculture well first off it was widely practiced in the United States from the nineteen hundreds with the advent of our modern home systems the mercury gardens which some of you have parents that ring at birth was very successful during world war two in kenya and tanzania balloon or not two other three Urban families are farming families in the city in Taiwan half of urban Families belong carmen associations urban farming associations there are more urban farmers than rural farmers in the countries of chew in japan chile netherlands so this is not without precedence even in modern time cuba after the soviet union dissolved and cuba lost its agricultural supports primarily fertilizers and other petroleum products getting from USSR they turned their government and their agricultural universities on to the task of producing all the products they need use of organic methods on the island and today the city of Adam a city of more than 3.2 million people feeds itself from urban agriculture and from farms within a 30-mile range now virtually all the food for that city is grown locally and produced locally using organic liquids so it can’t be better one thing about every urban a is it’s very very different from commercial and rural agriculture in its practice and purpose it’s stripers it’s the most efficient kind of Agriculture that there is it’s going to surprise people but urban agriculture is much more productive per square foot area their role agriculture but can enough be grown in the metropolitan area really make a difference so let’s get down to it if you can’t throw it up at the Metropolitan or even oh this is just a lot of nice talk so don’t have the space first off well green space in cities is the largest land covered kinda cities green space empty lots lawns landscaping you get what I mean the places whether I’m isn’t painted abilities that’s the largest area of wetlands and this is a fun extent of lawns in the United States as of 2005 was forty nine thousand square miles that is more than the combined areas of these states of Hawaii washington d.c Delaware New Jersey Connecticut Rhode Island Vermont and New Hampshire to mind when you think about eliminating all the natural habitats in these states and by the hammock grass this is exactly what we’ve done as human beings there are seven times more area of lawn in this country than there are Karns 71 regional it was estimated in 2010 that the u.s. needed 13 million more acres of vegetable farms to be able to be all of its population with a proper diet as the buy money USD this can be accomplished by turning less than a third of our logs into food arts urban food gardens have already contributed to our nation’s food supply this is not without precedent during World War do we have 34 million Victory Gardens within our cities the United States and then at half of our nation’s food supply we’ve done this before the government got behind it because they recognized how much the same their natural resources it was important at a priority unfortunately after the war it was lost what if these were put back into production can we go it off well I are better research them in and again Joe mentioned this I turned my back yard food garden into a long-term research than how much can you crawl is it worth it financially environmentally ecologically the results that I got from that five-year study wrapped up by the way the last August and the results of

it I’m all story behind it or in my book rather long journey starts when I think I was six or seven years old they need herbs up to my charity art and so anyway I’m just suffice to say really so there’s a long time but I use that to calculate how much we can produce in an urban backyard food garden and I looked at the metropolitan area luggage LD and saw much space we had during our residential backyards and when I say residential backyards I mean you can’t see these gardens from the front Mary heavens forbid we should spoil the aesthetics of our neighborhoods somebody should see a carrot plant so I only local areas that were giving away backyards of our residential areas in palm beach county and wha-la when I edible serious up I looked at how much I was able to throw out of my garden and extrapolated calculated how much you could grow in baggage healthy well it turns out that we can grow enough fruits and vegetables just in our residential green space to feed every single resident of Palm Beach County with a healthy diet according to the USDA guidelines or through the vegetable intake five types of vegetables green leafies orange red vegetables sergeant in school so on and so forth that’s pretty amazing and I guess organic methods and that recycle based materials something you can’t necessarily do with rural agriculture will people grow food for themselves well maybe not maybe so they go over over to the cells well then this is always the time we should just the home and end the presentation right now addition stairs it looks like oh yeah you’re just joking move on so I did a survey of the local community and I asked them that area question almost 300 people fifty-six percent of the people in the community said they were already growing food for themselves it was pretty good about the remaining 40 for ourselves almost half said they were really interested in gardening and it was something that they would do less than fifteen percent said their bill worried interesting something’s off about eighty-five percent of people to work with not bad right what do you think about people are already voluntarily growing a lot of blood a lot of landscape and they’re using a lot of water and fertilizer and time and money and effort to do that to get absolutely nothing out of it other than grass people are also recycling there are voluntarily separating things out of their trash and setting them off / pick up so people do things because love that can see this is I don’t have this but I didn’t people seem to do things if you just tell them that it’s a good thing and they see that it’s a good if you so maybe there’s more receptivity here than most people would give us credit for provided ask these people to survey about us they spend a year and I missed in twelve hundred dollars you here to grow grass and landscaping average nine hours above my maintenance now you’re on your own food is not for everybody there are some people are not physically able to do something some people just don’t want to and there are some people who are too busy let the landscape companies through network really aimed at the gum counter grass why can’t they do our vegetable dark force and we get the food in it we might actually harvest enough of that food to pay for their services it works this is the good stuff was that five minutes or was that below ok s hello I 5% of Palm Beach County College colonies presidenta David for this example if I percent of each of these residents to a thousand square foot garden is what I got the nectar the annual economic impact to us would be 130 2 195 million dollars leader where are we going to get that kind and economic impact from anywhere else what I love to be about over the old space and residential communities it was about 5.1 percent of the urban area was available to grow cuillean and you wouldn’t even see it it was hidden away this does not include church areas of lots properties it doesn’t include multi-family housing this doesn’t

include places like empty lots and institutions where you do have larger significant parts of properties if you were able to put those in you would increase this up Eon looking at this 5.1 percent and then looking at all fours Apollinaris Orlando st. petersburg tampa southeast florida metropolitan area jacksonville well you add up the space in these metropolitan areas and you look at how much space is available to grow food we can grow about 2.6 billion dollars worth of food on that space a year the total cash receipts from Flores gets full farms in 2011 was 1.9 billion that’s pretty remarkable there’s a lot of potential there urban agriculture offers waived increased food production upgrading new agricultural and urban agriculture is part of a web of activity we have indirect benefits for programs that promote promote in urban agriculture and there are places you would never suspect it reduces unsustainable uses of natural resources so by supporting urban agriculture you’re supporting the preservation of natural resources it conserves energy my backyard food garden per year saved enough energy to run the average household in this country’s electrical bill for an entire year it’s safe to health petroleum to run ideal home for three to four months from 3-4 months of the year that I be taken by a vehicle off the road and it would be equivalent to taking my car after all we’ve been for 12 here that’s amazing if we group food in our metropolitan areas in the United States like this with only five percent of our pocket we could be saving enough carbon dioxide emissions to it be equivalent to taking six to seven coal-fired power plants offline these are the kind of conversions this is what it really means this is how this is all entry entry intricity it thanks intricately interwoven that other work to reduces carbon dioxide emissions alleviates food security community the employee seven bulldozer to baggage cubby imagine what growth wood in our communities which which really vehicles without food assistance programs we need them reduces the need to create new AG land from natural lands and helps to preserve wildlife out of it so all of this is interconnected I moles done so the moral to the story the cake hole doesn’t I hope stable government and community programs that support urban agriculture are very cost effective if you not just wrong food you’re doing all this other stuff I came up with this little graphic sure and I think this is my last slide the last slide before the last line because I got the five event wait like five minutes ago and I’m trying to pacify the five no way sometimes our men okay so sustainable urban agriculture connected with ecology environment and economics and some really interesting ways sustainable urban agriculture supports efforts to preserve natural lens because it takes the pressure off of us Evan email more agricultural lands and natural areas it supports efforts to preserve biodiversity to the same reasons but for other reasons to my backyard food garden I have a fairy garden next to a knife in my prairie lost hurry back in Iowa between my fairy garden and my food garden almost half of the birds that I’ve seen the net garden over 35 species of birds happen through migratory they spend the winter there and have a safe habitat if i were to manage it and properly and use poisons pesticides and once it ever they would return back up north and they would their absence would affect the ecology in canada and according to the united states just by my actions here so we are all connected on the environmental side it supports protection of natural resources because we can recycle waste we can take wastes for possible ways that are heading out the landfill you can reuse them reduces pollution because we’re not trucking our food so many

miles through whoops the last one it strengthens local economies we’ve seen that the economic numbers it’s phenomenal and support support support sustainability what sustainability is a new concept is an emerging lies technique where our point systems are sustainable when they employ sustainable methods and they’re based on in our daily some credits I hope is all well with stimulate so what were thought is this the less live and I’m done on them and I will turn this over to Andrew at that point this is my backyard apartment last year urban agriculture is an unexpected and important tool below presentation olympian phanie Burt agriculture extension natural habitats and in temecula benefits for the environment so the question is will we will we do it will we take policy there will we take ourselves there when we asked our communities to support us in these 17 hours to do this is there against what we go in our own backyards thank you hopefully not okay that was great it was to put that trip hazard right there johnny was intended it’s chris n did we do that other as a plan right okay not really we’re happy to take some questions for dr. Z I for me it’s always better are you kidding did you actually do that you can actually grow all that food and wrote back yard so I I don’t know but somebody who has a question David but example is that the population of the plants as well as animals shortly found human race as well with it something i wouldn’t want to try and find out we are also surviving i I don’t think so because it’s changed but every pleasure and the agriculture the truth what if them schizophrenic trying to keep up with the changes that are occurring or food pyramid over the last 20 years because it has changed so much as hard to saturated that’s gone oh my god fertile in question I grew up in a family made nothing but potatoes and a lot of bacon and Fanny means early diets but we work hard and we worked very hard physically and so I had relatives that lived well communities and 90s because they were hard-working people that they had died to people today would think would kill somebody by the age of 40 so that’s all i’ve got to say yes presario to the forest yeah over me their question would be what action plans be different in large cities or some beating cities versus monster when action plans be different in the large city versus a medium-sized city versus a small city and I think the answer’s no but the action plan would be different according to client if you were in boston vs louisville atlanta or west palm beach i think i was much more to apply min a cluster size within water I do not um do i use the Square Foot Gardening method or join these ropes I use whatever I feel like what I’ve got the package of seed in my hand and whenever I should never worked last year and I’m forever experimenting to slash this year I put on all my wrist bends race dead seem to be involved right now and I for all the grace Denzel because it was impossible for me to keep anything wet that’s why some five heads

into the ground and now we’re going strong wonderfully because the water runs into the bed set a lot of the beds so i’m guessing familiar with the work and a lot of people have used that have been very successful and it’s been very helpful and beneficial for many people yes here we go John there’s something about having your website across your chin just yet this stay here I’m gonna stay over there I have one question that I was amazing how how many pounds of fruits and vegetables those your family consumed in a year Oh leavin oh my can we pass on that you’re tripathi thousand then your room pubs vegetables it’s a pretty much fun but it’s something like a thousand pounds I have a thousand square feet planted on your bevy our next year produced of 500 pounds fruit stuff I went on the bench smoke alone probably 35 to 40 varieties on an F why the year before I included fruits and vegetables combined with 1,130 pounds and I don’t think I’ve come even close to the potential natural potential look that can produce and I am NOT in a wonderful great gardeners you don’t see any green review over here dog I think a great about this bumping nothing more than they found that it’s been hit an awful lot with the hammer of experience and to turn green and gangrene that’s a good rhythm and my gardening methods were Iowa for the first few years they all fail miserably I have to scrap the mall and realign so I’m probably no better regarded anybody else apparently um you can but David is it doesn’t necessarily have to be any other heart we don’t need to rid ourselves of the commercial market system it plays a vital role in our economy it plays a vital role in society we we we can have alternative so this is a wonderful alternative I do can but I was raised on campo did I miss it and the flavors so much better than anything I can go through starting the store and so that’s why do it so preservation of some kind is important if you want to keep them here I can 35 or 40 pints of tomatoes last year off of my eight vines and that keeps me for a year with all the tomatoes I could ever want and I’m really see the sea and seasonality as the map happier I can’t wait for tomatoes becoming season and i can’t wait for tomatoes to water season so you and Eddie are producing about up now you sorry I Eddie’s not a garden hey vegetables but you’ll produce about a pound for every square foot that’s how you have called the van in your backyard it comes in you you can’t eat that much in a year or give or take your basically producing all the fruits and vegetables you need enough for two people for two people according to the USDA guidelines for a healthy diet intake of five types of vegetables and one type of food s’okay so you’re out there and you’re out there all day and night know how many hours are you working on at this and will be partly probably an hour tours for we go it’s not amazing any more questions from back in another yeah right yeah however many cities currently in the united states that are more at the forefront of promoting urban our nation the others take a guess san francisco california portland bargain they actually created land use types within the city and zoning for urban agriculture because they promoted yes oh that’s correct that’s great because the regulation of bad balance is up to the state and they don’t regulated and so they’re in the back we’ll have one more question and then I’m sure dr. Z

will stand yep so I use organic methods only because I wanted to challenge the notion that organic gardening is not as productive as conventional that’s why I went with organic for 25 years I was picking up waste vegetable clippings from the cafeteria at the south florida water management issues for a used to work and it’s a small cafeteria and this was the height of the Great Recession so they weren’t really producing as much as they would happen during good economic times that were only open for breakfast and lunch five days a week and they were at a building on the campus of order and I think you should reach the public didn’t really go there so as a very limited output I picked up over 2,000 pounds a year I’ll scratch from them and how most it is headed into my garden and my heart could take in two to three times that didn’t have a voracious appetite because I’m growing in pure Sam so we have enormous potential to divert a lot of waste from landfill into food gardens and recapture those new tune to recycle them so we click composto materials and I get my hands mulch I also use organic prior to getting fertilizers that are purchased i will say that there’s a there’s a couple of brands out there and not telling brands but plant tall is one and Scott’s has recently come up with a very nice line of organic products that work really really well and a really well formulated so we finally have some choices in the marketplace by organic fertilizers did you feel really good about so kudos for those companies we actually do talk of companies that do good and violin work and Scott’s is one of those God’s is supporting the zoo in a big way both in our projects here and employees of the company volunteering participating the zoo but dr. Z as I said epic on John will be around there’s going to be a book signing we welcome everyone to stay I think the bar will be open for a lot longer so please make yourself at home more questions come on up

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