yeah gentlemen whatever and then we’ll kind of get you a background and then we’ll do a quick so this is where the work begins and it functions on a few passive systems that allow it to function without inputs such as fertilizers composts electricity all the things that generally required for a greenhouse system and it does so essentially by mimicking a lot of natural systems and using natural principles to drive a lot of the systems that would require them quite otherwise and if you can I’m going to talk to you about today are the passive solar geothermal system for regulating temperature in here the passive approach to fertilization and nutrient cycling the past the pest control system so to start out with the thermal cycle in here it’s all essentially based on the fact that it’s got a ton of thermal mass and it’s some six feet in the ground to take advantage of the geothermal buffering capacity of the earth so the being some six feet in the ground it allows us to access geothermal in buffered air which it tends to be the average annual outside temperature and in this area that’s about fifty four or fifty five degrees and so as that air comes in in the winter it’s kind of giving us a little bit of buffering heat that keeps it from freezing to hard and in the summer it contributes a little bit of a cooling effect to keep it from overeating then you also notice there’s a ton of thermal mass in here all of the water all of the stone all the soil on the planters that stuff basically just soaks up shortwave radiation from the Sun all day long and then when i re radiates that it comes out a short way or a long way of radiation now long wave radiation has a hard time getting back through the greenhouse glazing and that’s essentially what the greenhouse effect is and stores that heat because it doesn’t let the long wave radiation escape is fast so also we’ve got a north wall here that sits about 15 feet tall and we’ve noticed that about every foot you go up you gain a degree in temperature and that change in temperature from the floor to the ceiling drives the thermal siphon so all the air at the top is warmer and escapes over this tropical room here and in doing so it draws colder air and both of these doors like on this end and the other end of the building as well as to some extent up to t gravel in the air that’s coming up to the gravel is that geothermal a buffered air and it’s this whole greenhouse rests on a bunch of river deposits so it’s essentially like ten or twelve feet of gravel and cobble so it’s contributing a lot of air through that and a little bit of moisture as well so as far as the nutrient cycle goes here we don’t add any compost and fertilizer or anything like that and we’re able to do that because the system provides enough organic material to just cycle back through the soil no notice all the soil is covered in all prunings from last season and the soil microorganisms and life in the soil turn it over so fast that within the season everything you see here will be gone and we’ll be relying on the stuff we trim off this season to feed the soil there is a little bit of a trade-off that happens things how we take a little bit of food out of the system here we kind of see what we do is a trade where you’ll notice things like the grapefruit brine is in the occasional banana peel water I’m some kind of food scrap that John has created in this house here that goes back into kind of trade for the nutrients we’re taking out by eating that fruit otherwise we’d create a deficit on the soil when taking it out and the other aspect that is about 75% of what’s produced in here is just fed right back to the soil because the trees essentially produce what they need to survive they mind certain elements and when that fruit drops back on the ground those elements in a plant available form are released back into the soil we also don’t use any pesticides or any kind of active attack on pests because as I mentioned earlier it’s designed to be basically an ecosystem inside the greenhouse here so there’s a variety of niches that are all filled by organisms that are present here and so when an organism that would be a pest as introduced it’s essentially competing for a niche and so all these other organisms in here that that have other dishes filled feed on it like the damselflies and the frogs and all these other critters will go and attack the aphids we’ve also got a blank but it’s a parasitic Haven wasp and what it does is it goes and finds a fit stings it lays an egg inside that egg hatches a piece of Ava from the inside out so basically as long as there’s an infant population there is a pest control population an example that we had the I think they called the tiger we fought for the leopard leafhopper they’re a little kind of camo pattern leafhopper the tax grapes and was a two years ago that was two years ago now they first got introduced in here and they just decimated the great fun and then the next season they were still here but they weren’t causing nearly significant damage the grapes have leaves a little bit of damage on them they actually produced fruit so the system in being so diverse and having all the dishes filled is incredibly resilient to that kind of impact and then John learned to talk to you a

little bit about the rainwater I’m not saying lie nice to observe something this morning was kind of really unique I have a my new pirate bug and it’s on an avocado I put it out from a pretty enough because it had a fits on it and I was there like I don’t want it with my rest of my citrus I stuck it out here in this little my new pirate bug he became a buddy he shows up every day he has a route that mates and he comes to there sooner or later every day he’s there you know he’s been there for the last couple of weeks but anyway I saw him and he took off last night not haven’t seen him since but I always look forward because if there’s a tour you might want to look and see what they look like it’s kind of exciting to find a bug and get his name you know so any rate I was checking this morning and he wasn’t there but there was Nathan crawling out of where he was hiding so apparently he was hiding in a branch where the new terminal growth was he was waiting for that aphid come out and win come out because he was staying there for a long time so any rate they even came out and had penned the mind I mean the aphid wasp showed up and so I happened to come just at the right time and I watched the whole process that the a food gets all reals that reared up on the back legs and he’s like going and the safe and loss of his Kings came up there and just just stung him just that fast then just backed up in the Athens just freaking out but anyway then you went look for more Ava so that a fits in the refrigerator for whenever that’s making a refrigerator it’s pretty awesome to watch it though I’d just sit there watching the whole thing happen so it’s kind of exciting oh yeah there’s a whole series on that too someday they both live in that swamp in the back that’s with the frogs breed and where the damselflies lay their eggs and they emerged about the same time so the tadpoles the damselfly larvae are both aquatic and swimming around but the damselfly larva is predatory and so eats a bunch of tadpoles and then they all hash out of the water and the frogs turn back around and start eating all the damselfly it’s a pretty circle of life yeah we had the girl doing sex for me for nine years and she was pretty good she started when she was about nine years old eight or nine years old caught her on the field with a sweet Annette I asked her what she was doing you know she was pretty smart so I made lists the bugs that she could introduce and she did it for nine years should be here sometimes three or four times a day so the insect population isn’t at a point here it’s probably as good as anybody could ever make anywhere anyway sidetracks oh let me get back wondering when you what you were noting as far as that’s in Fahrenheit yeah and it creates a natural flow there you can’t get any more than a degree I mean as soon as you had a degree the airs movie yeah and so it automatically creates this or I guess the courtroom the effect whatever you want to call it but it’s yeah her heating systems when they calibrate a heating system for a house that’s where I first came across it forty years ago but anyway yeah that’s a you know that have that in a house also that’s what creates dress in a house we never put any rate that creates a natural flow of air yeah my what else going to be telling you about now is the water system one of the one the principal catalysts that we use here to feed plants is water system we use rainwater which is virtually distilled water it has no mineral content basically for practical purpose although there may be trace the fact that it has no rate no minerals in it and the fact that the ph of rainwater is 6.3 to 6.5 it used to be in the first beginning when washes first flush off the roof you’ll run about a 6.5 because of all the dust and dirt and everything but when a flush is clean it usually within a minute or two it goes to 6.3 that’s a stable pH or drain water in this area here and may vary other areas but that’s my years of study and that’s what I always come up with those two principles are important the acid against the base that’s the formula for how everything works that’s how our muscles work that’s our body and nervous system all these different things and nature works off of that reaction they have been a bad reason for them so anyway the whole earth working off of that principle is what actually is the breakdown of referred to as demineralization breakdown of mineral elements into soil there are more than enough elements in the soil itself to grow however they’re not plan available and it’s the weather and of these minerals break down of these minerals to make them available for bacteria and all the different processes that all occurs through this passive base formula and another thing that it does is the fact that it has no mineral content it’s like a sponge when it hits the ground it right away absorbs minerals and to make an equilibrium and so that is an effect that also is very stimulating for the breakdown with minerals in the soil

demoralization so basically we’re feeding as a principle we’re feeding all the plants with the rocks that are in here so if you have the right diverse rocks if you have the right okay yeah there you go good point parent material that will basically feed in perpetuity but earth is as close to perpetual as you can get and this is a the kind of like a creative parallel small system of the big system based on all natural and so that’ll be the first foundation we will when we’re done today we will build soil will make the soil we’ll put all the chemicals in the soil and that and so this is as I said earlier this is the finished product this is the last chapter to book so you’re getting this see and then as we progress throughout the tours you’ll get to the very beginning where we actually take the rocks get the mineral composition of rock and actually put it in the soil actually grow the plant and what it does in the plant and then we’ll we it and what it does for the human body so you’ll have a whole complete cycle when this thing is over but to get you going and get you wound up we want you to sniff this oxygenated air because you’ll never be as smart as what you are right now hey turn oxygen but now we have higher oxygen levels and we have a higher carbon dioxide levels in here we produce a room we don’t need co2 generators in eure that kind of stuff all that is part of the atmosphere that we want you to enjoy smell more been it’s just crazy good so all these plants are basically feeding on co2 through photosynthesis yet somehow in this closed space there’s still more co2 within ambient outside they brought a meter in here and it’s somewhere the range about 50 to 80 parts per million more than ambient even though all the plants are constantly utilizing it so some part of the cycle most likely to break down a volume again you can actor you know that’s what I would get is harmonic yeah that’s really sweet and then that first I generate the oxygen and we breathe the oxygen makes us healthier sure why don’t you uh huh so um as you learn to fire this is a closed system and it’s a zone eight greenhouse in our zone four in Montana as you notice these plants don’t grow outside here um one of the the really incredible things regarding insects and this greenhouse is the insects are from a zone for climate so they’re not used to eating or you know decimating the the plants that are growing in here so their focus is more on decomposition and that is you know like one way of doing like a passive pest control and and with those those insects most of the pollinators here are common houseflies and the damselflies and there are all these smaller fruit flies I don’t know what specific species of them yet but and their culture has no more commonly known as the Rolie polies and salad bugs doing because decomposition and yeah they breed in the ponds and help all of this exists because without pollinators you don’t have food cheese except for there are some that I am working with some self-fruitful trees an interesting concept and I can show you this later but I’ll just do it real quick since we just touch the subject is actually the okay I’m going to get this wrong all the stamens the pollen heads are called what on the statements any rate the filament nyet now the filament the anther is the on the okay stigma in style there we go that part will sometimes rotate and as it rotates it picks up the colon itself it’s kind of interesting with some of the fruit trees will actually have that characteristic that’s pretty mean so that was just a side note you’re going do that girl we could introduce that forsythia is the yellow flowering thing work a genetic dwarf peach tree there that’s 30-some years old this is a gingko tree it’s just still I agree potted it this winter so it’s coming out Pharmacy it won’t stay in a pot because it would get too big and I just want it I love the pink Oh leaves are just awesome prehistoric whatever there’s a fig tree

here is three drops of figs a year let’s see there’s a lot of swamp grasses there’s the blue and the yellow irises there’s ribbon grass there’s the yellow Marsh marigold is just starting to bloom right now frogs have already laid eggs basically 150 idol frogs here they come up they’re territorial so they live all over the place and will go down and say hi come here in just a few seconds but they migrate from awkward place to the swamp that frog green swamp in the back that is an ugly stinky smelly swamp it’s specifically for the frogs navel in there there’s a shallow area to the right and the deep area to the left they feed in the left and they hatch out on the right the water is shallow so that it heats up real quick that is one reason for the higher level and the lower level of the facility here where the for the frogs and a area so we have basically two little zones within a zone frogs have already started hatching out the a sub they start they laid eggs about three weeks ago and some of the eggs are already hatching out there in the little few weeks acts there’s little tiny tadpoles wiggling around and they’ve actually come out of the SAC already yeah there should be 150 of them the male’s come up and sing and they breed the frog with the loudest and deepest voice just the girl so I don’t know what that means Pacific Pacific tree frog I liver gillip yeah I work with about nine different species so far right now that is the only species that I have yeah there’s pictures all over different types of frogs and stuff and okay just real quick could you give us an idea of the structural build and the angle of the roof of the greenhouse angle the roof is roughly 312 somebody said that’s 23 degrees is that correct 22 and a half degrees is that correct it could be 22 and a half is half a 45 that’s all I know is that that 312 612 is 45 isn’t it yes it is yeah this carpenter where’s a carpenter I haven’t seen one and then you got that joke so Anu dug down what is it concrete on the walls yellowing this is my aunt and it was all gravel so I separated the sand and gravel reconstitute it to the proper proportions I have the highest grade concrete you can make my hand and poured all the walls by hand all the forms by hands that forms I just slip formed it all the way around the footings to walls everything it’s basically five feet in the ground footings are below that five foot five foot so when you walk on the gravel five foot is it basically your ground level outside so there’s probably like been set and twelve foot of of pure gravel underneath so I have total control to the roof so that was something that was critical for my research listen actually have a confined area the roofs will not travel in there bars so I have basic confinement everything just robots yes basically terracator spots whatever you want to call it but I have total control of the nutrient cycles I have total control of what these plants are capable of achieving and that was part of my research was the one of the things I thought I would find was a collapsing point and I have not found that and it’s been the same soil for like 36 years I know you’ve just been adding back your greenery and somehow straps down the soil basically the house scraps been talked about is we click the gray fruit on line haters for instance I don’t know if you’re familiar with blueberries they need a 5.5 force or NPH okay that’s impossible we’re on limestone base soils here is all limestone formations I don’t know if you notice they’re coming down here they’re no grind nothing around here is all limestone this is what lime haters will not grow here I word a rhododendron down there one time with well worth just one time because I was sure terrain work and it for it took about six years before it ever bloomed again that is how critical just one small ordering of probably 3/8 of an inch of water was enough to kill that there wasn’t a leaf on it for several years finally it started to come back I was sure it was dead but it finally came back it took that many years to get that soil neutral enough that that plant could actually start to grow they are lime haters they will not tolerate any calcium bicarbonate and all the water here is terrible we run in any close to 8 on our soils and our waters here it is really really bad so actually to have a blueberry growing here is virtually impossible so I did have a blueberry where this fig is and that’s why this figs in this container here I took the blueberry out had grown here for probably 10 or 12 years and it was very sickly retrying a great fruit thing we tried everything but that planner was just too big that one is a southern blueberry which is a hybrid type Theo where they drafted a different root

stock which is more tolerant of the pH and it graphed the top onto that so that you actually have a pH tolerable base with the if you’re familiar with grafting is sweet deal but anyway that way you can actually grow blueberries where you never could grow me for it’s pretty slick little thing they did with graphene and I will show you some grass down here we like to play with it too we’re not good like that but we and then are some stuff to have fun learning what else did I want to say you have any more before we go down a little bit I told you about frog readings Rhonda how do you think yeah because I don’t ever see me aeration oh no no no that would ruin it for frogs they love slime and this bear few there algae that this one here yeah this one here is definitely a failure that had we we thought we were going to do an upgrade grants breakthrough

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