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all right good evening everybody and thank you for taking this opportunity to join both trek the Federation of community power cooperatives and safe and common goods for a webinar on renewable energy in Ontario and also the possibilities provided to community power cooperatives and also faith groups through renewable energy development in the province just a quick brief treks is the the Toronto Renewable Energy Cooperative though we call ourselves trek now we’ve been incorporated since 1998 and our mission is to enable community power within the province of Ontario either through developing renewable energy cooperatives ourselves providing community securities management to coops or just um holding events and webinars like this to ensure that people are provided as much information as necessary or as they need to get started and get interested the Federation of Community Power cooperatives FC PC for short is a Federation of just over 20 renewable energy cooperatives in the province of Ontario the reason the Federation was formed was to ensure that resources could be shared between co-ops to face common challenges and barriers together and continue to spread community power across this province Lucie Cummings from face in the common good is also in attendance and she will also talk about their organization and their initiatives within this presentation so without further ado let’s get started the agenda for today we’re going to cover sort of three main sections one more general information about renewable energy what is renewable energy the sector in Ontario then we’re going to review briefly the policies that have enabled renewable energy in the province today and then we’ll cover community power and the co-operative enterprise model I should say that this webinar is sponsored and by the Community Energy Partnership programme which is a grant program from the now independent electricity system operator of Ontario and they have been key in supporting you know the expansion of knowledge about renewable and and community power in this province so why learn about renewable energy as many in this webinar probably are very familiar with traditional energy sources that use fuels are not replenishable in the short term and we will run out of them and also renewable energy is responsible for less harm to the environment and individuals that are around the generation but also when we talk about carbon heavy sources around the world as many of us know if we are burning carbon fuels for example the negative side effects of that not are not only retained locally but can spread around the globe as well but one thing renewable energy has also provided for both within Canada and globally is that there are opportunities for community involvement and benefit as well so through aspects like community power renewable energy coops etc we do see some questions on the left-hand side there we can address those at the end of the webinar so if you have any concerns or queries that pop up throughout please feel free to type them in the left-hand corner and we’ve sorted left-hand side and we will do our best to answer them at the end all right so what is renewable energy then our typically renewable energy is to find a energy that’s produced by any source that is renewed through natural processes so this includes wind solar water geothermal and tidal energy as of 2012 the most recent statistic we have 19% of the entire energy global energy consumed was produced via renewable sources but renewable energy in many ways is not that different from other forms of energy sort of at a very basic level in that energy is generated when a force whether it be heat water wind turns the blades of a turbine and the turbine is connected to a shaft which then creates and moves electrons which creates current for electricity of course Solar is different in this case as it’s not turbine based but that is the general principle behind it right now what we’re going to do is we’re actually going to cover the different types of renewable energy available in Ontario right now under the feed-in tariff program and we have some video aids to help us so we can start with with so after when we also want to quickly cover bioenergy bioenergy essentially refers to all right energy that’s produced from organic materials and in most cases the digestion of organic materials so there’s landfill mass biomass and biogas specifically we want to focus on the biogas developments of which there are quite a few co-ops participating right now even though we’re hearing of a few moving into

biomass as well but essentially in the biogas process there’s organic waste that is digested through anaerobic digestion process he is creating gas those gases burned in a generator and then that in turn creates energy there are some interesting things about biogas and that the buy products created include heat and fertilizer oftentimes the fertilizer can then be sold back to the agricultural industry which creates food and then jet which then returns back into organic wastes so for those of us who are particularly into closed-loop cycles there is some pretty interesting stuff going on within bioenergy another form that we have is water power so again still focused on the turning of a turbine in order to generate electricity however in this case we’re mostly relying on gravity and physics reservoirs do dam up water over the long term and as it is released downstream it spins the turbine generating energy and electricity as many of you know hydroelectric is also a way that people have decided to store energy when it is not needed in the grid by pumping water upstream and then releasing it downstream to produce energy when it is needed as mentioned solar PV is a little bit different because it doesn’t rely on the spinning of a turbine in order to generate electricity and in fact it does much more at a molecular level so instead of me trying to recall my grade 11 physics to sign it to you we have a video queued up as well all right so it’s actually some really great questions popping up on the left hand corner so while she gonna encourage probably some of you to help us answer them because I don’t think we might not have all the answers but solar PV after that video essentially the solar cells can be arranged in a variety of ways from being installed on commercial rooftops to being mounted onto the ground when they are mounted on the ground typically they can track and move according to the Sun there are single axis trackers and there are dual axis trackers technically dual access trackers should result in better production but mechanical issues may also arise when you’re tracking two ways so it’s a give-and-take when it comes to these forms of technologies so after covering the types of renewable energy in Ontario we briefly wanted to go over the regular regulatory excuse me and governance bodies that exists so in a nutshell this is what the energy sector in ontario currently looks like with the Ontario Ministry of Energy being the main legislative body that governs the organizations below it from judicial boards including the Ontario Energy Board to the now amalgamated body that is the IES o as many of you may know previously the Ontario Power Authority and the independent electricity systems operator of Ontario were separate entities but as of the 1st of January 2015 I believe that they have been amalgamated into one single body so a lot of the procurement energy procurement responsibilities that the Ontario Power Authority were in charge of including procuring renewable energy through both the feed-in tariff program which we’ll review just in just a little bit and also large renewable energy projects through the large renewable procurement process sorry my mind blank there for a second that’s all been absorbed now into the IES so previously the ISO was mainly responsible for monitoring market demand and ensuring we had appropriate supply as well we have Ontario Power Generation hydro one which is a very large corporation and also local distribution companies so we’re gonna go into each organization now just to cover them quickly so the Ontario Ministry of Energy overseas in general power generation and Ontario and is responsible for the visioning of the energy sector including most recently the development of the L tap the long term energy plan that’s available on their website I believe so they do have jurisdiction they provide directives for example to the following organizations that then must enact those changes accordingly we have the independent electricity system operators of Ontario or sorry there’s actually a video for this one so we’re going to queue that up all right so though that video was it was produced by the Ontario Ministry of Energy they have a whole energy literacy campaign out right now called empower me and we attract here did see the videos that they did produce recently they on top of that one they talk about sort of what’s a kilowatt hour they go more in-depth into transmission grids and distribution grids some actually very informative materials so feel free to please check it out and we could post the link at the end of this as well so outside of the Ministry of Energy there is also the independent electricity

offer system operator of Ontario yes Angela that’s that is very interesting and so they are a crown corporation and their job is to basically maintain the electricity market in Ontario which includes forecasting the supply and demand in the short and long term but interestingly enough in the short term we’ve been to the ISO before here at Trek and what they will do is they will forecast the demand and then they’ll start buying electricity to match that demand it’s a very interesting process through which they purchase it they try to do it based on price and then there is that global adjustment that comes at the end to balance it all out they are also sort of responsible for ensuring that in emergency situations the grid is kept running so they have a variety of locations to ensure that they can do so there is also the Ontario Energy Board which is the judicial board if any of you have an experience with the Ontario Municipal Board sort of fits within the same parameters I suppose in general the OEB is in charge of authorizing the increase in rates increase in fees for distribution for example and they also are very closely tied to the approval of gas plants and the placement of gas plants we also have hydro one Hydra one is Ontario’s largest distribution company so to speak they are also in charge of maintaining transmission lines that go across the province if you live in an urban area you are very likely regulated or sorry under the jurisdiction of an distribution company that isn’t harder one but if you live in a rural area or even in northern ontario for example you most likely to your business with hydro one outside of that we have very many local distribution companies within the province if you live in Toronto that’s Toronto Hydro if you live in Mississauga it Center source etc etc and they are in charge of the local distribution of electricity within your region and so if there is ever a power outage as long as it’s not a transformer issue a larger transmission issue your LDC is very likely who you’re dealing with all these organizations do you have to work within the confines of acts that are passed by the legislature and also passed down by the Ministry of Energy and most recently in 2009 we had the introduction of the green energy and economy act which demonstrated the government’s commitment to green energy economic development and community empowerment with this act there were four main things that are introduced the first being the feed-in tariff program the renewable energy facilitation office the Community Energy Partnership Program which graciously funded this webinar and also changes to the co-op Act which allowed coops to participate so the feed-in tariff program is now administrated by the ISO previously the OPA and what it does is it provides a price that is guaranteed for a renewable energy production over a given period of time right now this is only for projects under 500 kilowatts in size so mostly you’ll see biogas solar PV projects going through the feed-in tariff program it’s the reason there is a guaranteed price and that price is determined to cover cost the project development as well as provide a return on investment so it is an incentive model for investment in renewables this is in contrast to the RFP or the request for proposal model where energy companies typically bid in to produce a certain amount of electricity sometimes the type of energy it produces whether it’s renewable or not for example is dictated but they are supposed to bid in at a competitive price oftentimes arguably so it excludes smaller players so the feed-in tariff program that was introduced it supports both community and aboriginal groups so for example as of the fit 2.1 wind over it was only renewable energy co-ops that could participate and aboriginal groups are able to participate as well part of the feed-in tariff program is that Community Energy Partnership Program which I mentioned so the Community Energy Partnership program not only provides funding for these sort of educational initiatives but it also provides funding for coops that are developing projects to help cover some of their costs also within the feed-in tariff program there are community power set asides for community led projects to ensure that coops do have access to parts of the grid however with every fit window these policies may change so this was true most recently as of the fit 3 window so if we take a look at renewable energy on Ontario we know that renewable energy accounts for about 35% of installed capacity we had to crunch the numbers a little bit because I’m at the transmission level which is what the ISO

talks about the exclude solar solar is typically connected at the distribution level and wind and solar are experiencing the fastest growth in this province right now so within the feed-in tariffs and this renewable energy framework we are provided this opportunity to engage in community power community power takes place or sorry takes many shapes in the world and it essentially includes co-ops individuals farmers or even neighbourhood on projects the general principle is that communities raise money to finance renewable energy projects by building these renewable energy projects they create local jobs and local site hosts also earn revenues so for an example I’ll talk about later solar share being one co-op it helps create local jobs by employing mid-sized renewable energy installers that are actually quite close to us and also the landlords the owners of the roofs that solar share develops on earn a lease hosting the site through this by both generating revenues in jobs and through leases but also paying back dividends or interest to the community we hope to keep profits local as well in most cases and it’s specifically in solar since it is connected at the distribution level the goal is also to have the energy consumed by the local community now in Ontario this is a little bit harder to track we do not have a smart grid system for example however we do try our best to demonstrate this impact so up next we’re going to actually have Lucy Cummings from faithful in common good talk a little bit about her example of community power through faith groups hi everyone can you hear me we can hear you wonderful so good evening my name is Lucy Cummings and I’m the executive director of faith in the common good and faith in the common good is a not-for-profit interfaith charitable network and we’re really dedicated to supporting faith communities of all backgrounds to help build greener healthier and more resilient communities and we have been very proud to support faith communities to demonstrate their commitment to caring for creation which we believe is a tenant of all faith communities by engaging in solar and that can be through installations on their faith properties through investments in solar coops or in participating in solar co-ops so we’re this this webinar is the first in a series of webinars that faith in the common good will be hosting in conjunction with a wide variety of community partners in order to provide tools and resources to faith communities that are interested in going down this road so in Ontario there are about seven thousand religious organizations and according to the Ontario Power Authority about 137 of these have Rupa rooftop solar installations and we’re quite proud that about a hundred and twenty of these are in our network and but sadly more recently we’ve we’ve we found that the excitement of the early adaptors has somewhat faded and so over the next year we’ll be engaging in what we’re calling a solar faith revival where we will be publishing tools and and resources including webinars like this but also articles and website tools like this case study which you see here this is the Richards Memorial United Church and they have a rooftop solar project that that was installed in 2011 and this is an example of the case studies that we have online so we’ll be looking at these 100 or so communities and surveying them and learning from them about what worked what didn’t where there was the payback analysis what they expected what were the challenges they faced within their congregations for financing around installation and really trying to tell a detailed story so that other faith communities who are considering solar installation can learn from them and that’s really what our network is about it’s faith community’s learning from other faith communities so I’m just

taking this time to say stay tuned we have we will be at the end of this webinar we’ll send out slides and contact details that will give you more information about our program and I also wanted to just mention before I hand the the reins back over that our case studies really cover a wide variety of faiths communities so you’ll find examples of different faith traditions Debbi Mandir in Pickering has an amazing example of a rooftop solar installation there a Hindu community dark hey Noah in Toronto has another rooftop installation that’s that’s part of our case studies more recently Port Nelson United in Burlington had a participated in a larger coop which is really exciting to read about and other faith communities don’t have the the space to install so for example Erin Mills United in Mississauga made a decision as a community to invest in solar share as their way to demonstrate their interesting giving back to the community so I think at the end of the day as this slide here from Morningstar High Park Presbyterian illustrates our goal is to really to show how faith communities can be neighborhood role models in supporting renewable energy around the country but especially in Ontario by taking advantage of the fit system we think it’s a good deal for faith communities and and if we don’t have the answers to help you in in your exploration of this will work hard to put you in touch with the experts who can so I’m happy to answer more questions at the end of the presentation and I know we have colleagues on the line that may know more than I so thank you all very much that is great Lucie there is some really cool stuff going on there and I’m really glad that we’re continuing to sort of build that collective capacity collect our knowledge and be able to share resources with those who are interested in doing similar things because that is the only way we’re going to continue to proliferate the community power model in Ontario so that was really great to hear I want to cover sort of before we end off the cooperative model that has started to grow in Ontario in order to participate in renewable energy and community power as well so the coop model is a member based corporation essentially it is a corporation in which one member has one vote regardless of how much they have invested in that corporation through shares or bonds so it is a very very democratic business structure the coop model particularly before the introduction of the Green Energy Act actually probably wouldn’t have been able to participate in the renewable energy space mainly due to a business with member rule that existed within the co-op legislation however with the introduction of the Green Energy Act they created this designation of a renewable energy co-op which allowed members to buy shares or bond in a corporation co-op that was investing in renewable energy project particularly through developing renewable energy directly and the other thing to keep in mind about coop models is that they place high priority on ethical business and meeting the needs of their members if you are part of a renewable energy co-op you are more than welcome to join the AGM every year that happens the Annual General Meeting where you can bring your concerns and your questions to the board and make your voice heard as well so community power and cooperatives in Ontario approximately about 70 it changes day to day depending on how many are registered or D registered but they’re about 70 to 80 community power of renewable energy co-ops in Ontario and their memberships range from about 50 members in some cases to higher than that now over 800 members in some of the largest co-ops and their portfolio sizes range from anywhere from 250 kilowatts to 5 megawatts so 250 kilowatts that’s probably around the size of a typical storage facility you might see in the city for example so we’re just going to case study to renewable energy coops to demonstrate their potential and their impact so one is solar share solar share is one of Ontario’s largest solar PV coops and they are at over 800 members right now and they have raised over nine million dollars in so members purchase memberships in the coop and they purchase bonds which are used to help finance solar projects

within Ontario solar share unlike some other renewable energy co-ops has sort of a province-wide scale so they have memberships across the province and projects across the province as well whereas some renewable and solar co-ops decide to stay local there are also co-ops going on within the biogas space one of the more prominent ones is zoo share so zoo share biogas co-op is just over five hundred members now I believe and they are around two million dollars in bonds raised they are working towards developing a biogas digester at the Toronto Zoo it’s a really cool project because they plan to take poo from the animals at the zoo and food waste from one of Canada’s largest food distributors and use that to make the organic mass that has been digested to create gas I know sometimes there are concerns in this case about sort of food versus energy and the ethics behind that but currently most of the food if it were not going towards this project would have gone towards another organic waste disposal solution so it’s really beneficial to have this co-op to be able to for example add value to this waste by providing both community involvement and a renewable form of energy so in conclusion before we take questions a renewable energy is definitely still part of the future of energy production in Ontario and there is legislation that currently supports the sector to grow also more importantly I think there are many exciting opportunities and options through renewable energy coops through associations and organizations like faith in the common good for community involvement and for individual involvement in renewable energy development that part is very key so there are a few resources that we had up we can share some links after this but I do need to acknowledge that this initiative this presentation was made possible in part through the financial support of the education and capacity building program brought to you by the independent electricity system operator of Ontario hopefully you remember who that after this webinar track and the s CPC and the presenters are solely responsible for the implementation of this initiative and the ISO has no responsibility or liability whatsoever in the event that any person suffers any losses or damages as a result of this initiative

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