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good morning everybody it’s a pleasure to welcome all of you to the old town of Duke this morning we’re going to look at some very unusual things and I’m sure you’ll find them interesting we also have a few things to show the children we’re standing in front of the seat tormé this is the main symbol of zhuge and it’s also the oldest tower in the whole town the word seat Torm means time or clock tower in German and so let’s have a look up at the clock there are two hands on the upper clock and four on the lower one since we already know about clocks with two hands let’s have a look at the lower one it’s a so-called astronomical clock and it’s been on this tower since 1570 if you look carefully at the end of the longest hand you’ll see a model of the Sun at the moment that hands in the middle of the star sign gemonese or the twins so this large hand goes round the whole clock once each year showing which star sign we are now in the Gemini period starts towards the end of May and finishes in June you can see another large hand the one with the half moon at the end it’s pointing left just below 9 o’clock this hand shows us where we are in the lunar month it points to 12:00 at the new moon and 6:00 at the full moon so we can see that it was full moon about a week ago and we are already nearly at half moon time again it’s gotta be right Scott you knew you would some of them that I spoke out won’t intimate me that’s always a clear basic state you can see this even more clearly by looking right up at the top of the tower just under the window there’s a gold ball there do you see it at the moment it’s gold on one side and black on the other in other words it must be Halfmoon time the ball keeps turning so that when everything’s black we have the new moon the third pointed hand is pointing up towards 12:00 it shows us the day of the week at the moment it’s pointing to the god of the Sun and so it’s Sunday the god is holding the Sun in one hand and the astronomical sign for the Sun in the other going round the clock the next God is lunar the moon symbolizing Monday then Mars mercury Jupiter and so on until we get back to Sunday finally there’s a small hand with what looks like a dollar sign but it’s not really a dollar sign although that’s what a lot of people think it’s an S and if you want to see it again where it is now you’ll have to come back in four years it shows us how close we are to the leap year and so it takes four years to go round the clock once the S is the German word shall TR meaning leap year is there anything else interesting up there are the rat yeah that’s a really good question and there’s an interesting story behind it but I’m not going to tell it to you instead let’s climb the tower and we might find the old cat then if we are very quiet we might hear them telling how the rat came to be painted on the tower I’ll lead the way whoever’s last please shut the door yes

I’m telling you things used to be different up here nowadays you can just sit there and enjoy your breakfast without worrying but it wasn’t always like that and let me tell you why in the old days I would do my rounds check-in the corridors and windows each morning and if I left my breakfast on the table here I come back and would have disappeared I’d you know why rats we used to have lots of them here and they’d come up out of that hole I just needed to take my eye off my breakfast for an instant they jump up grab everything and off they would go but that doesn’t happen anymore here’s what happened one day we got together to discuss what we could do there was a German student here in zhuge and on his way down to belong yeah where he was going to study he caught wind of this and joined us said you’re making a mistake really quite simple what you need to do is find a hole where the rats come in and paint a big fat rat there then when the real rats come along and see the big fat rat they’ll say look we’re too late he’s already taken the breakfast no we didn’t really believe this but what do we have to lose so we painted the rat on the tower and believe it or not from that exact day on we never saw another rat and that meant there was no problem leaving our breakfast here on the table is that seven o’clock then I’ve got to go you know we got a guest down there and a prisoner don’t let her give him something to eat or he’ll die of hunger I’ll be back in a few minutes shut up be happy that you get anything to eat at all lovely knobs here we have a very beautiful engraving made by Niklaus Stumpf around 1500 we’re now standing here at the cheap Torme the yellow part is the original town of the bigger blue part only came much later it’s interesting to see that already at this time around 1500 something was already missing the so-called lower alley that used to be down here below the other alleys but in 1435 it suddenly collapsed into the lake why because the people of xub didn’t realize that this part of the town had been built on a very poor foundation so called Lake chalk the lakes of Duke Zurich and others around here are all relics of the last ice age they were originally a bit bigger but got smaller by the 15th century around the edges yellow on this picture a kind of fine sand called Lake chalk accumulated people built houses on this unstable material and in March 14 35 in the middle of the night the whole lower alley collapsed into the lake in this small town about 60 people died and twenty six houses sank into the lake up

here some of the walls are still standing when you look at all this as well as the beautiful Town Hall over there you might ask yourself where all the money came from to pay port as I threw out the King’s birthday it was all bounty from Wars and there were lots of Wars going on in Europe in the 14th and 15th centuries like the burgundy Wars would call the bolt stop that’s also creeks poison so now let’s move on to the fish market which was exactly what the name says here we have the restaurant rat house Keller which means town hall cellar and at the top you see a splendid example of a late Gothic crows stepped gable the top part of the building was the new town hall because the original one had been in the lower alley which collapsed into the lake as you already know there are tools for higher extent look at those beautiful facades as we move down towards the lake these are typical of the early 16th century earlier houses had been made of wood but these ones are stone the openings that are now used as shop windows used to be so-called boutiques or artisan shops this was a town of artisans including for instance a shoemaker a butcher look there’s still one there a bakery a sadler and so on some tile novia to him the shaft foot and for food and some people also worked outside if you look up at that houses you see a nice striped port that’s a so-called would lift in the old days people burned wood for cooking and heating conservative also the food had seen his truth of emiram scientist intercept military so the wood was bundled in front of the house to give me Harnick had behind this a lot you should see it of wheel was put on the lift and a rope thrown over it and down to the ground when – 50g a stick if they open up from domina dealt with him in Iran the most acting or normal outfit then the wood was tied up into the rope and pulled up into the house bit by bit by a simple kind of winch out the whole tooth and if you look over there all those things that look like little roofs are wood lifts as well all the exchange pilaf so wood was Duke source of energy in the old days now let’s go along through the old town same link some fast you hold the phone and alter who’s here’s the Town Hall again I think same at all for always I say in assurance oh and here we have a fine old gothic has meet them dude Egon have a look at the door with its funny shape a so-called donkey’s back you can see that it looks like a donkey from behind with its back poking up and it’s bottoms sticking out on both sides that is typically gothic movies some be speed I’d be saying to the sun’s above these doors we see the coats of arms of old families here’s a well-known one the so-called Kaiser coat of arms and you can also see the dates when the houses were built in the 16th century several of them around 1530 over there you see the oldest wooden house the so-called corn house this superb building was built in 1435 and is still in very good condition

the fish here’s the fish farm it’s one of the oldest fish farms in Switzerland it knocked off and over here there’s a plaque to commemorate the disaster of the 4th of March 14 35 and the 60 people who died in it it’s kamancheh and here’s an interesting detail as I mentioned the Town Hall sank with the lower Ally the town secretary at that time was called Vic hot and he also drowned when the tour Town Hall went down he had a very young son at the time the last of the Vic arts and at first everybody thought he had drowned in the lake as well she was scared and out there is me Tara I’ll stop you same accessorize what’s that out there come here come on there’s something out there look it looks like a crazy me again y’all got hotter you can see it here for the feast let’s go and find a fisherman [Applause] look it is it’s big hot Sun come on pick him out of the cradle ha ha that was a real piece of luck to find him so Yeti meat loud committee stop every town in the Middle Ages had a sewage alley why if you look here you’ll see that the houses were very close together there was no drainage system no underwater sewers no system for getting rid of sewage people used to throw their kitchen waste out of the window into the alley and usually there would be a pig rooting around among the rubbish of course the pig had to be small enough to be able to turn in the alley and apart from the kitchens these alleys were also used to empty the old toilets that used to hang out of the houses on both sides of the alley these are of course no longer there but you can just imagine a mess with all the sewage and rubbish being thrown out of the houses and the pigs rooting around underneath and you can imagine the arguments and fights between neighbors about that

terrible smell in the alley this is what it looked like in these sewage alleys and here are two neighbors having a typical squabble this is the old Trading Post where goods were stored and moved between different forms of transport soup was a key borg town and the keyboards were big traders for sewage don’t hand me my remote main dishes are food city each monopoly material to imitate total host my socks initiation for Duke the important trade was from southern Germany to northern Italy of course there were no roads going south from here gets the sushi and so the goods used to be pulled along the lake from Jewish to Hagen then they would be transferred to muse to behold across the hill to Duke here they would have to be transferred onto the barges to be pulled down to M&Z at the south of the lake then they would be hauled over to ku staffed put on the barges again and pulled down to Fluellen and back onto the mules again and up over the garage towards it now we come to a beautiful square at the end of the old tower and let’s have a look around we ramp for alum – who’s for Anna walks in that pink house there is very old but it’s been modified a few times I prefer the girls superduty Cole she shall marry back once upon a time in the 15th century it was a public bath then it was a school when it was called the professor house because the teacher had an apartment in there whose car finally in 1798 when the French under Napoleon invaded Zhuge it was their headquarters for the whole area of central Switzerland at that time the Canton’s of Oddi streets Hunter valdon now of Adam and Eve Arden as well as Zhuge were treated as a single administrative area like a Canton and they were administered from here carboxy not at the front sausage seat was he talk sitting over here you see the oldest church in Zook the lead frauen capella stop the tower was a part of the southern wall of the town from there the wall used to go along the side of the grabbin straws here grabbed means the ditch or moat protecting the town and back to the seat Torme on the north end of the old town although this is the oldest church there was an older one going back 2000 AD but it was pulled down to make room for the new one so this was really the second church in the town built in 1266 there’s something special about this church it was once a Gothic church but barak elements were added later when that happened the people used to do something unusual which you can see just above the door they hold a topic st. you see the gold writing there it’s in Latin look carefully and you’ll see that some of them a written large each of these is also a Roman numeral stick home been seen yet counts news links Orson often 310 eh – gross the Brooks topic and that’s all this time it’s a little taller bismuth or if you add up all the large letters which are at the same time Roman numerals you’ll see that they come to 1727 which is when this was written exams bro you think here we see the great shell

fountain parish creation the great chill according to legend great shell was a teacher in sook shell isn’t sook name and her husband was too fond of alcohol he would sit around in bars late into the evening via high-ish HC garnished its empty crate children one evening she finally got fed up took a big basket found him in a bar and pushed him into it it’s an epoch reported to probably gave him a good scolding and then she carried him home on her back this is an old Souq tale and great shell as you see her here has become a traditional figure in the doog annual carnival called fast not each year on the Monday of the carnival members of the old carpenters guild get dressed up as great shell looking just as she does here and with seven other legendary figures they go from the casino to the seat or giving away oranges and other sweets there’s always a big crowd of children following them as I suppose about stuff is awesome for soft Maggie it’s a very old tradition which the guild still maintains today you you

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