nearly 170 years after it was first published Charlotte brontë’s Jane Eyre remains an intriguing powerful read in this video aimed particularly at a level preview student studying the text I will explore the secrets and deception within the novel I will begin by exploring an early accusation of deceit aimed at a ten-year-old Jane and the effect this has on her both in the short and the longer term I will continue by exploring the deceit practiced on Jane within Thornfield Hall the fact she’s not told about the secret presence of Rochester’s wife Bertha Mason and scrutinized why the secret is not uncovered in spite of numerous clues and alarmingly violent incidents I will explore the character of mr. Rochester what makes him such a successful deceiver and how do we as modern readers react to his behavior analysis or the imagery user described Bertha will also provide insight into our feelings about his deceit as ever with my videos I will include numerous quotations on-screen with page numbers taken from the hardback everyman edition of the text these may be particularly useful for preview pupils who will need to memorize relevant quotations to use within their closed book examination stay tuned enjoy let’s explore the secrets and deception within Charlotte brontë’s Jane Eyre the false accusation about deceit in the early stages of the novel causes fury and prompts behavior which unsettles conventional parental figure child dynamics 10 year old Jane Eyre bullied isolated and repressed within her aunt’s household is introduced to the supervisor of Lowood a boarding school for orphaned girls she’s particularly in relief outraged by this request from her aunt I should be glad if the superintendent and teachers were requested to keep a strict eye on her and above all to guard against her worse fault a tendency to deceit this false accusation unleashes a passionate side of Jane’s character that has hitherto lain dormant alone with her arms she cries I am NOT deceitful if I were I should say I loved you but I declare I do not love you I dislike you the worst of anybody in the world that said John read and this book about the liar you may give to your girl Georgiana for it is she who tells lies and not I what is striking about Jane’s language here is it’s shocking directness and honesty about something so personal and fundamental to human existence love within families Jane reveals her pent-up feelings explicitly and incredibly bluntly even developing her initial points about her lack of love for her art so that the latter is aware of her exact position second to bottom with in an imaginary lead table of hatred this moment of terrified lack of deceit haunts James aren’t periodically for the rest of her life so much so that on her deathbed she recalls in wonder how for nine years you could be patient and quiescent under any treatment and in the tenth breakout all fire and violence I can never comprehend so mrs. Reed’s false accusation of deceit is the catalyst for young Jane to finally assert herself as a human being who deserves fair treatments and she maintains the determination to be respected as a human being irrespective of her current social status for the rest of the novel indeed it is surely Jane’s unshakable sense of her own value in spite of her lack of friends in spite of her position as a mere governess which watches to find so attractive later in the novel but in the short term mrs. Reid’s false accusation causes Jane unnecessary suffering early on in her time at Lowood she’s utterly humiliated by Brocklehurst’s who has her

positioned on a very high stove in front of the entire school so that he can publicly lecture her about her wickedness he pontificates my dear children this is a sad a melancholy occasion for it becomes my duty to warn you that this girl who might be one of God’s own labs is a little cast away for my tongue falters while I tell it this girl this child the native of a Christian lands worse than many a little heathen who says its prayers to Brahma and kneels before juggernauts this girl is a liar mr. Brocklehurst language and behavior exposes the cruelty and hypocrisy that can be unleashed in the name of Christianity the quotation I give is a severely edited version of a speech which uses every rhetorical device going to build up to its earth-shattering gasp inducing climax about Jane’s inherently deceitful character there is the use of contraries to repetitively highlight Jane’s natural advantageous position as a Christian to human being which is intended to be deflated hyperbolically by the revelation that she is that evil of all the evils Alaia brahma and jovenel are both references to the hindu religion and the implication is that Jane’s sins even worse than those incurred by misguided practitioners of a faith likely to be viewed as considerably inferior to Christianity Brocklehurst also describes his own reaction to the revelation before telling us what that revelation is which likewise builds up a sense of ant a patriot aura about the supposed crime that jade has committed Brocklehurst language is so theatrical so intended to hurts that the reader not only empathizes all the more with jane who’s late exchanges with her art implied agreement for the latter that the accusation about the seat was inaccurate the questions the integrity in human decency of a man who seems to be using christianity to humiliate and give him a platform on which to perform watching the saint moment within a movie version of the film brings home just how young Jane is to be humiliated and put down in this fashion here’s 7 release 1996 version with Anna playing the young heroine a screenplay of such a long novel would inevitably have to make some its nevertheless this Brocklehurst simile shows his love of bully and the sound of his own voice ahead of genuine Christian clarity the story place this child upon it you see this this girl her name is Jane be on your guard against her shut out of your conversations this girl take a good look at her this girl whereas Janne is unfairly castigated for deceit early on in her tenure at Lowood on arrival at fulfilled there are early signs and hints that others may be hell-bent on deceiving her about a dark secret permanently present within Rochester’s isolated mansion initially these hints take the form of unsatisfactorily explained sounds and curious laughter on a first full day mrs. Fairfax gives her a guided tour of Thornfield Hall Jane writes the last sound I expected to hear in so still a region enough struck my ear it was a curious laugh distinct formal mirthless what was that further unexplained otherworldly laughter is heard prior to mr. Rochester’s bed being set on fire this was a demonic laugh low suppressed and deep I thought at first the goblin laughter stood at my bedside these descriptions are packed with adjectives which emphasize just how jar meaning out of place the laughter is within the everyday normality the Thornfield Hall on first hearing the laugh is curious

worrying me mirthless and the lack of mirth also hints at a possible lack of humanity and human warmth these adjectives are then developed more specifically to associate the laughter with the devil and evil with imagery transforming descriptions into innate diabolical characteristics so these sounds hint at a dark secret of Thornfield Hall but the lack of any visual clues means that Jayne can be deceived more easily about the Laughing creatures identity during her guided tour mrs. Fairfax deliberately deceives jangda albeit following Rochester’s implicit or explicit orders when she suggests that the loud laugh may have come from some of the servants very likely perhaps grace poole Jayne seizes on this idea and sticks rigidly to it in spite of increasing evidence throughout the middle of the novel which suggests grace Paul may not be this source of apparent malignancy after all but of course it is not just the dearth of visual clues about Bertha Mason or her over eager acceptance of the idea of grace Paul’s culpability which results in Jane failing to personally unravel the secrets a thorough form filled home ba Chester is an intelligent deceiver and utilizes his unusual forthright and domineering position and character to good effect his intelligence is frequently shown during his reactions to calamities which can easily result in his secret being revealed in the immediate aftermath to the bed fire incident Rochester first gets Jane to stay put was he goes to check the birth that has been recent then he indirectly in terror against Jane to find out exactly what she herself saw finally he instruct not to say anything and endorses James self-deceiving interpretation of offense ie the great Paul must have been responsible this reveals a man who thinks before acting and speaking who planned stage by stage his steps and words as a result he gains a degree of control over the uncontrollable the secret presence of a mad lunatic within his household but Rochester’s early exchange with Jane have already showed him to be unconventional in speech and behavior thus veiling largely unconvincing verbal responses to danger under the cover of this unusual eccentric character and to the fact that Jane in her own words is merely a paid subordinates then it is hardly surprising that Jane does not uncover the secret of Bertha Mason during her conversations with him even though Rochester himself hints darkly about past troubles and his feelings about them early on in their relationship here is a flavor of some of his extravagant self-pity certainly self-obsessed musings fortune is not to me about she is even needed me with her knuckles and now I flatter myself I am hard and tough as an Indian rubber ball on the one hand Rochester’s references to the actions of fortune and his subsequent suffering shows a degree of openness about his past or at least about the effects of his past on his own happiness the personification suggests that Rochester feels he has been desperately unlucky with what has happened to him the specifics of which we are not told at this point and that’s like a Shakespearean tragic hero perhaps he’s been left powerless and crucially relatively blameless by the violence windy blow planted on him by faint but Rochester’s predilection for extravagance enigmatic romantic expressive phrases and imagery as exemplified by the nonsense just explored about knuckles and Indian rubber balls being silly that it is easier him then say a plain talking buff to avoid situations in which he would be expected to talk lucidly about worrying but satisfactorily explained events such as the fire in his bed or the savaging of Richard Mason or put otherwise it is easier for him to continue deceiving the woman he is growing to love Zeffirelli’s version emphasizes Rochester’s introspective brooding nature he speaks about fortune bitterly with strings bowing in the background to help us sympathize with pass on no tragedies experienced by this intriguing ugly man

even though Rochester deceives Jane about his first marriage and assures everyone in the household does likewise it is clear that he has a conscience and suffers inwardly for his actions mrs. Fairfax makes reference to this when she suggests to Jane that he may have unlimited on painful thoughts no doubt to harass him and make his spirits unequal most Rochester himself talks critically and emotive Lee about his inner turmoil when he asked Jane thus nearly proposing is the wandering and sinful but now rest seeking and repentant man justified in daring the world’s opinion in order to attach to him forever this gentle gracious genial stranger thereby securing his own peace of mind and regeneration of life the rhetorical question format and the tentative use of the third-person show the Rochester has tortured doubts about the rectitude of pursuing of relationship with Jane while still married to mad Bertha he dare not say it but isn’t this question an exploratory semi attempt to undeceive in Jane about his married status daring the world’s opinion as surely referenced in nineteenth-century societies conservative beliefs that men and women could only live together properly and enjoy a sexual relationship within the boundaries of marriage is what just attempted to gauge whether in principle Jane can countenance the idea of a man living with a woman as a partner rather than a wife however James responses and Rochester’s understanding of her character make it clear that she would never embark upon such an unconventional unchristian within the 19th century even roots thus making continued deception vital in order to continue his fantasy of a fulfilling happy relationship between them conscience or no conscience Rochester could nonetheless be a cruel and manipulative deceiver resulting in suffering and hurt for both Blanche Ingram and Jane herself in spite of his later attempted justification that blunt deserves its treatment he is surely wrong to get Blanche’s hopes up about his intentions for her with hindsight Rochester’s decision given his domineering personality it must surely have been his idea to set up a Sharad in which the answer is bride seems particularly shameless in this Sharad Blanche dressed up as a traditional virginal bride with Rochester as bridegroom a ceremony followed in dumb show in which it was easy to recognize the pantomime of a marriage there is an unmistakable flirting unfairly getting Blanche’s hopes up a few minutes later when Rochester declares well whatever I am remember you are my wife we were married an hour since in the presence of all these witnesses the narrator describes Blanche as revealing reaction she giggled and home and her colour rose readers particularly especially modern they once made me more likely to spring to watch his defense him both asserting that this behavior takes place prior to his suspicions being confirmed about Blanche’s ruthless mercenary nature and that the quip about Blanche being his wife is nothing more than flirty banter that only a desperate woman would lose any sleepover nonetheless irrespective of Rogers watches those intentions at this point the bright Sharad is incredibly an unnecessarily risque particularly given that the majority of women in the 19th century without independent means would rely exclusively on securing an appropriate husband for their future financial security even if you do have good intentions of marrying a woman it is surely in bad taste to dress her up as a bride for a cheap in joke knowing that you and you alone hold all the power when it comes to formalizing any relationship book Rochester is clearly a man who enjoys acting and theater and medium of which both act as an audience woefully indulge in self-deception about the reality of what is being presented whilst also by less enjoyable necessity maintaining his deception about birthday he indulges in a double dose of deceit when he disguises himself as a gypsy fortune-teller in chapter 19 this causes a great pulse of excitement amongst his guests but allows him to probe both Blanche about her desire for the Rochester estate rather than the man himself and Jane once Rochester has revealed his identity Jane sums up key reasons for his distinct which relate to her I believe you have been trying to draw me out or in you have been talking nonsense to make me talk nonsense it is scarcely fair sir by draw me out

James means that Rochester has been using his disguise in an attempt to get her to temporarily shun her carefully controlled reticent persona and to talk more openly about her feelings preferably for him but Rochester doesn’t just deceive Jane through his physical disguise but by his enigmatic and also somewhat sardonic to the more astute reader responses including the one to Jane’s question about whether he is to be married appearances weren’t warrant that conclusion and no doubt though with an audacity that what’s chastising out of you you seem to question it they will be a superlatively happy pair must love such a handsome noble would he accomplished lady successful fortune-telling gypsies are likely to be cautious and vague where possible were predicting the futures of clients and so this to some extent could justify the K genus of Rochester’s opening response appearances Wordsworth would warrant that conclusion but as Jane later implicitly recognizes watches that may be disguise physically but he is characteristically far more interested in teasing and delving verbally about matters closed his heart than using the realistic turns of phrase and expressions of a genuine gypsy so it is Rochester’s own skeptical tone that comes across in his dutiful list of Blanche’s traditional female politics and the excessive confidence of statements such as no doubts they will be a superlatively happy pair however although she does feel the blood would be unlikely to make much as their happy Jane is too aware of her own penniless situation playing features and compared to Blanche Ingram inferior social class to contemplate the notion that he might somehow prefer to marry her Rochester knows that his Jane is firmly aware of her position in the world knows that she’s not a jumped-up presumptuous relentlessly ambitious social climber it is one of the many reasons he likes her and so when he disguised as a gypsy or not suggests that the marriage between himself and Blanche Ingram is likely to take place irrespective of his tone of voice or apparently sarcastic phrasing he must know that Jane is more or less likely to believe him and that such deceit is likely to cause emotional pain when considering Rochester’s culpability for deceiving Jane it is important to emphasize just how potentially dangerous and violent his secret Bertha can be as implied by the imagery used to reference her laughs Bertha is capable of frenzied flashes of devilish out-of-control violence as her brother reestablishes to his cost in chapter 20 Carter the surgeon examines Richard Mason shoulder and exclaims in horror the wound was not done with a knife there have been teeth here let’s have a gory close-up look at this wound this time the clip is taken from the 2006 BBC version directed by Susannah white teeth marks here she’s my blood she said she would drain my heart I want you I told you not to do anything until I could be with you flesh fights in a blood socket are associated with vampires rather than human beads and indeed when Jane does catch a glimpse of Bertha for the first time she tells Rochester that she resembled the foul German Spectre the vampire whilst we may be inclined to sympathize more with Rochester because we are regularly brainwashed interviewing his wife as evil out of control and lawfully human the fact that he decides to expose Jane to such danger without any warning or adequate protection suggests that there may be enough savoury egocentric not narcissistic sight is character that is too often submerged between convenient perceptions of Byronic masculinity I’ve already made reference to the demonic and vampire imagery used the scribe Bertha but let’s not forget the imagery of wild beasts when Jane is methodically mopping the blood from Richard Mason’s wounds waiting from Rochester to return with a surgeon she hears Bertha although she still thinks in his grace poole moving around in the next over him I heard there as snarling snatching sounds almost like a dog quarreling such alliterative imagery is reinforced when Rochester himself reveals his secret following the collapse of the marriage ceremony Jane enters Bertha’s room and describes her thus what it was where the Beast or human being one could not at

first sight tell it grovelled seemingly on false it snatched her ground like some strange wild animal both quotations use similes to dehumanize the madwoman and thus tried to justify inhumane fifteen-year petting up verbs such as grovel snatched growl snarling give an impression of a low line crawling pent-up bring to spring dog which like other dangerous dogs must surely be kept under lock and key to ensure the safety of normal human beings but whereas dangerous dogs in farms are generally kept him wire cages through which the Beast is clearly visible Rochester has kept Bertha away unseen in a corner of his mansion quite close to James rope and failed to turn her about her presence the fact that Rochester’s deceit but Jane’s life in danger is highlighted by the tearing of the wedding veil incident which takes place just over 24 hours before the intended marriage ceremony but not Sophie it was not mrs. Fairfax it was not even greater pool Jane reveals to Rochester and the reader at the same time through direct speech that a creature first put on her wedding veil then took it off rented in two parts and flinging both on the floor trampled on them of course ripping a veil in half after modern it briefly doesn’t physically harm Jane but it does reveal hatred and opposition to the idea of marriage which unsettles in its symbolism and disturbs the wanton destruction of something traditionally associated with love and purity brought Chester’s reaction to James narrative once it has been established that it was not just a dream shows that he knows just how dangerous his secret hidden wife can be I felt mr. Rochester start and shudder he hastily flung his arms around me thank God he exclaimed that if anything malignant did company you last night it was only the veil that was harmed Oh to think what might have happened watch there doesn’t say directly but his inference is clear Jane could have been seriously hurt which of Mason’s wounds are evidence enough of this and if so he himself would have to take the lion’s share of responsibility so how do we react to Rochester the deceiver well as modern readers our reaction is likely to vary considerably to those browsing and Louisville back in 1847 Jew to different attitudes towards mental illness when our own mental attitude and mental state rapidly deteriorate be kept within a darkened room all day year after dreary soul-destroying year nowaday has been recognized that madness is an illness which requires specific treatment a little more sophisticated than 24 hours each and every day locked away yet it is clear that Rochester feels that he is being comparatively kind to his secret tucked away wife in entered in transpires that he could have made her situation far worse he tells Jane that he could have lodged Bertha infirmed invention from which JD’s presume repelling this narrative now very to Rochester hopefully at reasonable health hand on a scruple about the unhealthiness of this situation in the heart forward made my conscience recoil from the arrangement probably those damn walls would soon have ease me on wealth of her charge but each villain his own vice and mine is not a tendency to indirect assassination even of what I most hate so my 19th century standards perhaps Rochester was comparatively kind to in his own version place birth and in safety and comfort shelter her degradation with secrecy indeed most of us would feel that his attempt to save her life shows us his fundamental decency whilst the loss of his sight temporarily and hand permanently his sufficient punishment for his deceitful to behavior towards Jane an attempt of bigamy in seven Rani’s version the director chooses to show Rochester’s attempt to save bad Bertha’s life rather than have it narrated by an obscure former household employee this of course makes for excellent dramatic cinema

come across to me don’t be afraid please come your hair Berthe company would never harm you don’t be afraid come to me now and so the overall message of the book must surely be to celebrate the equal passionate love between a man and a woman whilst accepting the fact that secrets and deceit are inevitable obstacles for all human beings to overcome forgive and understand this has been a Scofield on shakespeare a level pre new revision guide explore EADS secrets and deception within Charlotte brontë’s Jane Eyre really thanks for watching

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