Because of his physical nature, humans have always been in a struggle to survive Of course his biggest struggle was not against nature He had to develop various new tools to be sheltered, to be protected from enemies and to be feed And certainly the most important of these tools was the bow and arrow which have completely changed destiny! The bow and arrow primarily gave humans the chance to hunt animals which were faster than him and then the ability to fight in groups from afar The target of the arrow also determined the destiny of humanity Many civilisations which recognised the power of this weapon, got in a race to perfect it for survival The bow and arrow became splendid in the hands of Turks, the powerful warriors of the steppe If you live in the middle of a cruel steppe, your existence depends on catching opportunities instantly The most important thing is to be flexible Aah. I can’t feel my hands We are ready to measure We need to separate the tendon from the leg Let’s start then In this documentary, we will witness the age-old journey of this weapon with mankind, and we will trace the magnificent Turkish archers from Central Asia to Europe Aah. It hurts me to even think something like that has been removed from my body And of course we will explore the power of this weapon through the amazing experiments prepared by the expert team The arrow is already off the bow! Get ready! The bow and arrow played an important role in the rise and destruction of numerous states in Central Asia and Anatolia The 14th century, witnessed the founding of one of the greatest empires in history The Oghuz tribes, which entered through the Anatolian gates opened by the Seljuks, soon dominated the region One of these tribes, the Kayi tribe, laid the foundations of the Ottoman Empire in 1299 And it expanded very quickly towards the Balkans However, European states were uncomfortable about this situation the Ottoman Empire, almost 100 years after its foundation, was on the brink of a very important breaking point In 1396, with the participation of many states from Europe, a Crusader army of 10,000 men set forth to expel the Turks from the Balkans with a war to be fought in Nicopolis On paper, the crusaders were the stronger side and were ready to defeat the Turkish army of 60,000 soldiers However, when 10,000 fully equipped French knights attacked Bayezid I’s army, they realised that this would not be as easy as they thought This drawing in the historical records of the period depict an important detail the crusaders did not consider Historian Koray Şerbetçi and Janbi will tell us about the great strategy Bayezid I used with his archers in the Battle of Nicopolis The Battle of Nicopolis is a turning point in which the Ottomans secured their superiority over Europe using the bow and arrow As you can see in this historical document, the Europeans did not forget to depict the 20,000 Ottoman archers in their drawings describing the war At the same time in this drawing, we can see the details

of Bayezid’s wonderful tactical formation that used his archers more effectively Under normal circumstances, it is expected that the French knights would destroy Turkish archers However, thanks to these staked fixed on the ground, the cavalry attacks were neutralised The French, who dismounted from their horses and tried to advance, were so exhausted due to their heavy armour, and they became an easy target for the Turkish archers It seems that the heroes of the chivalry epics were in a pathetic situation at the Battle of Nicopolis Verily, it would be better for them to end this battle when they were in such a poor state Because the Ottoman archers destroyed the entire French troop within 3 hours So why were the European soldiers caught off guard? Ferhat and his team will show us this with a test they have prepared for Janbi Janbi will try to neutralise the 11mm thick piece of armor with close contact weapons and damage the ballistic gel During the test, we will see how much impact power this armor can rsist and in this way we will understand why the French knights, relied on their heavy armour against the Ottoman soldiers The mace was one of the most preferred close contact weapons of the Turkish soldiers in the 14th century The reason for this was because of its spiked head, we can say that it was one of the best of its era for breaking into pieces That’s why I preferred to use a mace in Ferhat’s test Janbi, I want you to hit the target with all your strength from 3 different points In the meantime, we can measure the speed of the mace and calculate the pressure value it creates Let’s start Yes, Ferhat The effect of my mace on this thick armor is very weak The blows are not deadly for the soldier in front of me Yes two hits only created small holes on the armor, and one of them managed to pierce it The kinetic energy generated by the mace blows is 58 Joules But the blows could not damage the thick cloth the knights wore under their armor In this test we see that the blows you strike on an armored Crusader knight with these weapons, will only stun him If you want to neutralise a knight, you first have to get him off his horse and then attack the neck and armpit areas where his armour is weak In other words, in the Battle of Nicopolis, it is normal for the knights to be caught off guard against the Turkish archers In fact, the knights were no strangers to archer attacks However, there were two situations, which were different, in the Battle of Nicopolis First one was that Bayezid I used Turkish archers perfectly the second one was the Ottoman bow was the best ranged weapon at that time So, were the Ottoman bows really as scary as it is claimed for the armoured soldiers? In order to answer this question, Ibrahim and Janbi will analyse the difference in power between its equivalents by measuring how much force the traditional Ottoman bow can resist I am starting to draw Yes, let’s start 40, 45, 50 This is unbelievable, 50 kilos and still going on I am going to continue drawing a little more Because the average Ottoman bow has drawing power of up to 55 kilograms At least we need to see this And this will show us the strength of the bow 55 kilos Much more powerful than the Hun composite bow It is a scary weapon for armoured soldiers Among all of these tests actually the most surprising one for me was that Because whenever I think a bow cannot be made better than this, we find a new Turkish bow in the historical process

to prove me to wrong Let’s see if the Ottoman composite bow will continue to surprise us with its power? Janbi will now see the impact of the Ottoman bow on plate armors in the test prepared by Ferhat Janbi will shoot with the Ottoman bow on plate armors, which is exactly the same thickness of armours in the Middle Ages We have placed two iron plates in front of the test dummy, this way we can better understand the power of the bow I have seen many times how effective the Ottoman bows are with armour-piercing arrows, but frankly, I am not sure whether they will work against two plate armors We are talking about the best composite bow of that era So it will be a good test to see the limits of its power Janbi will shoot four arrows with an Ottoman bow at the target prepared by Ferhat From here I can see, all my arrows are stuck in the first armor I am curious to see the second armour behind it Before satisfying your curiosity, let’s see the maximum speed and impact power you achieved with the Ottoman bow Janbi, you managed to reach maximum speed on your third shot Your arrow left the bow with a speed of 220 km/h, creating an impact power of 56 joules on the target 24 kilometers faster than the Hun bow we measured before, and it has 12 joules more of impact power This is really wonderful 3 of your arrows pierced the two plates and got stuck in the test dummy Considering that the Ottoman archers could easily shoot 20 arrows per minute, 20,000 archers shot almost 400,000 arrows in about 60 seconds against the French knights And as it can be seen from the wounds in this test dummy, they are all deadly This explains how the knights were neutralised by the Ottoman archers As can you see, all the Crusader soldiers who attacked against these powerful bows were either wounded or killed in the first attack in the Battle of Nicopolis This was really shocking for them Throughout world history, arrow injuries were the deadliest injuries, due to infection and blood loss When we look at Ötzi, who lived by 3300 BC and whose body was found in the Alps in 1991 he died of an arrow injury, and the mosaic depicting the arrow stuck in Aeneas’ leg during the Trojan War, and even the English King Edward the 5th, who was wounded in the face in 1403, we understand this once again Especially in the Middle Ages, during the Battle of Nicopolis, arrow injuries were deadlier in battles Treatment methods were very limited If you’re lucky and you don’t die from the loss of blood by the end of the war, an extremely painful surgical procedure awaited you to remove the arrow from your body Now, Janbi and Ferhat, will carry out a test to examine the treatment methods used on arrow injuries in medieval times Janbi will shoot into a piece of meat with an armor piercing arrow used by Ottoman archers against the Crusader army This way, we’ll have the chance to see the damage this arrow will do to muscular and bone tissue of the human body realistically Since the early ages, this medical device called the ‘Spoon of Diocles’ was used to remove the arrow from the wound in arrow injuries Of course, in the hands of an expert, this procedure would have been less traumatic,

but it was not always easy to find an experienced surgeon in the battles of the Middle Ages. So sometimes an ordinary would have to do this operation Ferhat, if you want, first let’s see what kind of wound we are treating The width of the wound is half a centimeter The arrow pierced the protective Layer of the skin, cut the muscles and possibly damaged the internal organs So the condition is very serious So how do you plan to remove this arrow? The principle of using spoon of Diocles was very simple It is inserted into the wound from the edge of the arrow, the sharp part of the arrowhead is put on this hole, and it is removed by holding it tightly This way, the arrow would not stay inside or break The biggest problem is that the spoon is a little wide You have to expand the wound a little with a sharp tool, before you could insert it into the wound As you can imagine this will hurt the soldier a little more Considering that morphine is not used, at least 3-4 people would hold down the wounded person Probably Janbi will begin treatment by first widening the wound so that the spoon can enter The most important thing is not to widen the wound too much Because wide wounds risk getting infected Here, you have to rely entirely on feelings and instincts I got it Yes, now let’s take it out slowly The wound is really as deep as you stated Yes It’s coming We made it At the next stage, if the bleeding was too much, the wound would be cauterised In addition to this, due to its antibiotic effect, the wound would be thoroughly cleaned with centaury oil to heal it If he has a strong build and is resistant to infection, this soldier has a chance of survival You’re saying this from the point of view of a soldier wounded by only one arrow Of course. A soldier wounded by multiple arrows had almost no chance of survival At the Battle of Nicopolis there was little chance of a soldier being wounded by only one arrow with the attack of the Ottoman archers This explains why the Crusader army suffered so many casualties The Ottoman victory at the Battle of Nicopolis made them cross a critical threshold Bayezid I won a spectacular victory with his archers Western Europe was now well aware of the power of the Ottoman archers So, was the Ottoman bow really the best bow of its era? The Battle Of Agincourt, which took place between the English and the French in 1415, only 19 years after the Battle of Nicopolis, is the biggest factor in asking this question It is not known if the British were influenced by the Ottoman victory at the Battle of Nicopolis, but their tactics were to destroy the heavily armored French knights with light archers And they achieved this with their own design, the English longbow The English long bow was a contemporary of the Ottoman bow and was one of the most effective long-range weapons of its time The surprising detail was that, unlike the development of composite bow, the English achieved this with a simple bow Janbi is now in the workshop with İbrahim to examine the characteristics of the English longbow Let’s see if the English longbows were as powerful as the Ottoman bows Longbow In other words, tall bow Was the most effective long-range weapon the English used until the 19th century And made of one piece of wood This is a prehistoric technology, isn’t it? Actually yes. When we look at the English longbow we see a large and rough bow But the secret of this bow is the special tree from which it is made from They used the yew tree, which is very suitable for bow construction due to its flexible and hard structure The yew tree, which grows most efficiently in Europe, grows very slowly, which makes it an excellent bow making material Its height is almost human height With this you can only shoot it from a fixed point I can’t imagine using it on a horse They did this to increase the power of the bow Like you said, it’s almost impossible for them to shoot this bow on a horse But for a simple bow it is surprisingly strong Short bows are are preferred by Asian warriors who are used to fighting on horses, and considering that there were no mounted archer troops in medieval English armies, I can understand why they insisted on using long simple bows Like you said, it’s pretty strong compared to the simple bows I’ve used before

The longbow was the key reason behind the battles won by the English armies in the 14th and 15th centuries The long bow, which the English started to use after the Welsh in the 12th century, was adopted as the English national weapon by the decree of arms in 1252 The longbow that gave the English an advantage in the Hundred Years’ War and became a nightmare fo their great armies With its small and light structure, the Ottoman bow, which brought the Ottoman army numerous successes The Ottoman and the English bows were the the most powerful long-ranged weapons of the period We have prepared a series of tests that we will do in the firing range and in the field to compare them down to the last detail First stage is impact power test For this test, we have a three stag target system consisting of leather, metal plates, as well as marble plate that has extremely high resistance Let’s see which of these two legendary bows will successfully complete the test In the impact test, Ibrahim will use the Ottoman bow and Janbi will use the English longbow to shoot at similar targets from the same distance Ferhat, what do the results tell us? Which one is more effective, the English longbow or the Ottoman bow? Mustafa, let’s see the results on the screen comparatively The draw length of longbow used by Janbi is 77 centimeters and initial speed is 173 km/h, and Ibrahim has a draw length of 70 centimeters and initial speed is 215 km/h As we can see in slow motion, the arrow shot with the Ottoman bow completely broke the marble block Actually, I did not expect any of the bows to break marble But if you asked me which one was closer to achieving this, I would definitely have said the English longbow because of the thickness and weight of the English arrow This is an incredible result When we look at them, the Ottoman bow, is shorter than the English longbow and the arrows are lighter, so the impact power is much higher So it’s totally normal to think like this before you try The English longbow is very long like its name But that’s not an advantage for me, it’s a disadvantage Because it’s heavy and bulky Because of the long draw length, the 3 finger technique is not very efficient So I was late to shoot In short, the lightness of the Ottoman bow does not tire the archer and allows you to shoot more efficiently The Ottoman composite bow is really an engineering wonder The two perfect bows of the era are subjected to a series of tests by Janbi and his team In the first test, the Ottoman bow was more successful than the English longbow Now it’s time for a test in which both bows are good at In battlefields, the sooner your archers start shooting enemy lines, the more advantage you have Therefore, regardless of the strength of your bow, if the effective range was short, the casualties you could inflict on the enemy soldiers would be minimal This means that even if the Ottoman bow pierced the marble, it is not a very effective weapon if it had a shorter range than the English longbow Because the number of enemy soldiers you will neutralise is more important than anything Let’s see which bow is more useful Janbi you will continue using the English longbow and Ibrahim you will use the Ottoman bow Our team members will stand forward to measure the distance your arrows have fallen Janbi if you want let’s start with the longbow Let’s start I think you managed to reach the 200 meter line We will l know the results in a few minutes Ibrahim, I felt that I got to the resistance point of the bow while drawing it But there was no such hindrance in composite or simple bows that I had used before The reason for this was the length of the bow and it is

made of yew wood, Ottoman bows completely eliminated this problem by constructing recurve bows Then, you must prove this to us With pleasure Ibrahim, your arrow has already reached the 300 meter line According to my friends, the distance reached by the Ottoman bow is exactly 395 meters Yes Janbi, your shot with the longbow has reached 222 meters So, friends, are these distances sufficient for both bows in battle conditions? Yes, but we’re talking about a difference of almost double We are now sure of that the Ottoman archers did more damage to the enemy than the English in the range While the shots made with the English longbow cannot reach 400 meters, the shots below 500 meters were very ordinary for well-trained Ottoman archers Legendary Ottoman archers such as Tozkoparan İskender and Bursalı Şüca had shots over 800 meters and these are recorded in the archives of the Ottoman archers lodge As a matter of fact, until modern times, no bow has reached the effective range of the Ottoman bows, not only in its era, but also in the history of the world So that the Ottoman long range shooting records still have not been broken The Turks had succeeded in perfecting their bows First of all, the most important feature of the Ottoman bows was the ease of use it provided to mounted archers This was an advantage since the Scythians, and the Turks continued to use short bows for their mounted archers for almost 3000 years Of course, there must have been a price for having such perfect bows Ibrahim will show Janbi the finest details of the Ottoman traditional bow, which he has made for many years, and he will make some of its important pieces All the tests show that the Ottoman bow is better against the English longbow But because of the simple and wooden structure of longbow its production is fast and easy The Ottoman bow, like other composite bows, has a complex structure Anyway, its only disadvantage is the long production time While the production time of the Ottoman bow was at least a year and a half, we learn from ancient sources that the English bowyers could make this bow in just a few hours It is a great advantage for the period like Middle Ages in which there were endless wars. Because in wars, bows are lost, broken or deformed In such a case, it was quite possible to produce a longbow quickly For this reason, the Ottoman Archers carried a spare bow with them But even this difficult process we talked about could not change the bow-making traditions of the Ottomans The bowyers carefully selected all the materials used and considered any production rules We can compare the Ottoman bows to Samurai swords made of top quality steel This bow is made as a result of years of experimentation and research The most appropriate material and methods are always used Moreover on the bow heads the name of the bowyer was written and the date it was produced This way, the bowyer assumes responsibility for the quality of his bow Ibrahim, have you prepared the drawings of bow pieces? Yes, we’ll go through the technical drawings to understand it better First we cut each piece and prepare it, and then we steam it in a container full of distilled water until it becomes soft Ibrahim, like the Ottoman bowyers, begins the work by first dividing the log he chose into two equal parts Then he will hew and flare up these two pieces symmetrically The next process is to cook the wood pieces in water vapour for softening These parts need to be stored for at least two months before being processed We’re going to proceed with the bow pieces that I’ve twisted before This is a very long time But I think patience is the main rule for quality bow construction Ottoman bow making requires patience For this reason, the bowyers first used to learn patience in order to make the best bow Time was the most important element for shaping a natural material such as wood The Ottoman bowyers knew this very well They wouldn’t start any process without getting all the moisture from the tree The wooden frame of the Ottoman bow was generally composed of three parts These pieces, which will form the grip

and bow limbs, are shaped so that they stick together tightly Then proceed to the assembling phase Our first process in the assembling phase is framing In other words sticking the limbs together It’s a critical process Because once you’ve stuck the pieces together, there’s no turning back Which means the bow limbs that have been waiting for, a year are wasted It’s a pretty stressful job After the grip and bow limb are attached with organic glue, they are tied tightly with a rope and dried How long do we have to wait like this? It’ll wait two weeks We understand the length of the process better when we look at the relevant sources In these sources, even the most suitable seasons for bow construction phases have been determined We can say that the most suitable time to hew the tree is fall, winter to assemble the pieces, summer to lay nerves and spring for the framing Ibrahim has now begun to prepare the horn which he will use for the coating After this process, he will shape the horn in special molds to fit the grip he had previously hewed The horn, which is one of the common features of all Asian type composite bows, is applied to the inner part of the bow called the bow belly The horn, which is more resistant than wood against he drawing force, prevents the bow for breaking After the glue dries, İbrahim shaves the remains on the body Then he softens it a bit more by heating the bow body, and draws it from its two heads with a rope After the drawing process he will start the laying process of the inner part of the bow with the nerve Attaching the shredded nerves to the back of the spring is also a very delicate process Ibrahim will hang the bow after the nerve laying process and wait for the bow ring for at least a year At the end of this process the bow is taken from the hanger and its nerve-laid surface covered with birch bark At the end, snail oil is applied on it to protect it from cold and humidity At the end of all these stages, this is the final shape of the bow it is impossible to compare the production time with the English longbow The Ottoman bowyers really chose a hard way for themselves The Ottoman Empire managed to eliminate almost all of the handicaps of this long production process with skilled bowyers and a good production system Janbi and his team managed to shoot arrows at very long ranges with the Turkish composite bow, pierced the thick armour of the Middle Ages and even marble Was there anything that could overcome the power of this bow? What happened at the Battle of Dazimon (Anzen), which took place in Dazimon (now Kazova) in July 838, will help us find the answer to this question The expression of Byzantine historian George Kedrenos; “Had it rained at night rather than during the day, the Byzantine Emperor and his soldiers would have died” about Battle of Dazimon actually tells us about the most important detail of the subject So, what was the negative effect of the rain on the Turkish archers? The historian Koray Şerbetçi, together wih Janbi and Ibrahim, will examine this detail that saved the Byzantine Emperor at the Battle of Dazimon The Byzantine chroniclers say that the Battle of Dazimon began early in the morning and that the Byzantine cavalry destroyed the forces of the Abbasid Caliph, but the Turks stopped this attack by shooting arrows The Byzantine forces could not stop the arrow shower and enter the combat Moreover, the Caliph’s troops regrouped and managed to surround the Byzantine Emperor However, with the beginning of rain shower, the Turkish composite bows become deformed and the effectiveness of the archers was reduced Moisture is the worst enemy of all composite bows We carefully protect the bow from moisture and water at every step starting from the production stage to its storage Because when the bow components are exposed are exposed to moisture and water for a long time they begin to get deformed This means that your bow becomes useless This is exactly why the Byzantine historian Kedrenos mentioned that the Emperor and his soldiers would have died if it had not rain in the day Janbi is together with Ferhat to see how the water, the biggest enemy of the Ottoman bow, has an effect on it

Yes, Janbi, The Ottoman bow you will use has been kept in the water for a few hours, just as you requested Great, the bow components must have reached, their endurance limit by now Most likely I want you to shoot 3 times By measuring these rates of fire, we can definitively prove, the loss of quick fire performance of the bow that is exposed to water This will give us better data to interpret what happened at the Battle of Dazimon Let’s start Yes Janbi, how was it? As you said during the quick fire I felt a loss of performance And the bowstring loosened This can be seen in the analysis Can you show us the results? There were too many differences in speed between your shots The speed of your first shot is 180 km/h The speed of your second shot fell to 150 km/h And the last one is 110 km/h Can you compare this shot with Janbi’s previous shot he made with normal Ottoman bow in previous tests? The initial speed of the arrow was 200 km/h on average which Janbi previously made to the, plate armors with the Ottoman bow There is a 90-kilometer difference between his last shot, which he made with a bow soaked in water This is a very big loss This difference must have been even greater, in the composite bows used in the Battle of Dazimon They must have lost nearly half of the range of arrows Fortunately, Ottoman archery had a solid structure that rose above its traditions The official workshops and trade guilds greatly protected this weapon, starting from its development to its preservation on the battlefield In this way they used these bows effectively in all circumstances, even during the firearms era Naturally, the best archers used the best weapons of the time The Ottoman Empire relied so much on its bows and archers that they entrusted the life of Sultan to them Şükrü Seçkin Anık will tell Janbi and Ibrahim about the “Solakan-i Hassa”, the most prestigious division of the Ottoman Empire, through the visuals he obtained as a result of his research There was a very special unit in the Ottoman army that served as the Sultan’s personal bodyguard This unit, which was within the Kapıkulu system, was called Solak troops or in the Ottoman army with the name of Solak battalions They were very carefully selected fighters, taking into account their physical and mental characteristics, and of course they were very good archers So they were like Special Forces Yes There is a special reason why they are called Solaklar Yes, Commanders of the “Solaklar” are called “Solak Başı”, two of these commanders were placed on the left and two on the right of the Sultan The Solaklar on the right of the Sultan had to draw the bowstrings with their left hands, so as not to turn their backs on the Sultan That’s why they are called Solaklar As far as I can see from the drawings, their clothes also were unique We are talking about a unit that is close to the Sultan in any case and under any circumstances, and that they are the face of the Ottoman Army The training of this military unit was very heavy and difficult There is a saying in the Ottoman Archers Lodge, that if an archer gives up one day of practice, archery gives him up for ten days They used to train for hours every day repetitively Shooting arrows in a row and effectively in risky battle conditions with a high risk of death especially if you were responsible for protecting the Sultan The Solaklar had such extensive powers on the Sultan’s security that no one, including the Grand Vizier, could approach the Sultan without their permission, especially in the battlefields So how did these elite soldiers become perfect shooters? Which physical and mental characteristics did they have to deserve to be given more authority over the Sultan’s security than the Sultan? This time Ferhat and Janbi will examine the neurological and physiological characteristics of the archers in the Solaklar unit to provide us information on the most elite soldiers of the Ottoman Empire Janbi, to be a good archer you need two things The first is to maintain the highest concentration levels all the time, and the second is to develop muscle memory through practice As far as I know, anyone who receives technical training, can be an archer up to a point In order to be among the best such as the Solaklar, you have to be at a very high level both physically and mentally Absolutely

Ottoman archers were not aiming it was enough for them to see their targets briefly An eye-brain coordination that works like a radar, and a muscular system that reacts to it in seconds It’s like we’re talking about robots In fact, the Ottoman Archers, worked with repetitive exercises, this was no, different from ordinary physical activities such as eating or running I can prove it to you with the test we will do together Actually it’s a test you’ve tried before You’ll quickly shoot arrows at targets that move suddenly in the firing range This time we’ll use a special helmet The transmitters in this helmet will allow me to monitor your brain waves Ferhat will analyse the firing performance by observing the changes in Janbi’s brain during the test through a special helmet with electrodes in it It is okay If you are ready, let’s start Congratulations Janbi, you hit three targets And your reaction time was fine Mustafa? Janbi, your average reaction time to moving targets is only 1.6 seconds Is this enough for me to join the Solaklar? we cannot be sure, but I can easily say that it is the performance of an experienced competitive archer On this screen, you can see the brain activities that took place during the test The waves at the top are moments when you observe your surroundings keenly At the moment of the shot, it’s too low At this point, your motor muscular system takes control If I’m not wrong, you’re talking about completely unconscious autonomous shooting Yes, this is the secret of Solaklar unit The best example of creating muscle memory is basketball players shooting practices to improve their shooting percentage Thanks to these exercises, basketball players have such a perfect muscle memory they can turn many impossible shots into points even under pressure Solaklar, one of the most prestigious troops of the Ottoman Empire, was also the most skilled warriors of their time thanks to this hard training The bow and arrow used with such skill is a very effective weapon That’s why Solaklar continued to use arrows and bows long after firearms entered the army The Ottoman Empire moved the 3000-year-old Turkish archery tradition to the top thanks to the bows they produced and the archers they trained They managed to build a great empire by winning many battles that seemed difficult But in the next century there would be the era of a new and noisy change Although the firearms became popular in the army and decreased the importance of bows, Turks would continue to protect this heritage In the next episode, we will examine the target and range archery, which are the most important disciplines of Ottoman archery, we will explore the arrow squares and get to know the most important record-breaking archers in history Until then, keep your eye on the target!

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