Hello and welcome to this video from Rail Rides! In this video we wil cover the differences between the different trains NS has in service, and the names of these trains In Dutch railway jargon, trains are often known as “materieel” or “rollend materieel” (rolling stock) In this video the words will be used interchangeably The simplest distinction we can make is between a double-decker and a single-decker train Let’s begin with the NS double-deckers The first double-deckers used in the Netherlands were the DDM-1 trains, which stands for “DubbelDeksMaterieel” These entered service in the mid ’80s and they remain in service to this day in North Holland In order to expand capacity, in the early ’90s a second and third generation of DDM entered service These look very similar to the first generation but there are also clear differences However, the name of this class was not DDM-2 or -3, but rather “DubbelDeks AggloRegiomaterieel” because the NS wished to replace the term “Stoptrein” with the term “AggloRegiotrein” for the services known today as “Sprinter” But the term “AggloRegiotrein” was never officially introduced The differences between the DDM-1 trains and DDAR trains will be explained later on in the video In 1994, the first trains of the class “InterRegioMaterieel” (DD-IRM) entered service In 2000, these trains were lengthened and therefore renamed “Verlengd InterRegioMaterieel” (VIRM) From this class, a second, third and even a fourth generation were purchased by NS The differences between the VIRM 1 to 4 are quite technical in nature and therefore won’t be covered in this video The VIRM is the most common train class of NS In total, there are 176 VIRM trainsets in service which each consist of 4 or 6 cars In 2012, the “Nieuwe Intercity Dubbeldekker” was introduced It was not actually a new train, but rather, a rebuilt and modernized DDAR train The abbreviation for these trains is not NID as you’d expect, but rather “DDZ”, which stands for “DubbelDekkerZonering” This is a concept whereby the train is divided into zones Upstairs is a quiet zone for working and downstairs is for talking The last double-decker you can encounter is the Modernized VIRM These were unveiled in 2016 These VIRMs have very similar exteriors and interiors to the original trains More about that later We will now go into more detail about the different NS double-deckers Here is a DDM-1 first-generation double-deck stock As mentioned earlier, these are very similar to the DDAR trains One of the differences is that the DDM-1 trains do not have automatic couplers You can see that here The trains need to be manually coupled to each other or to a locomotive Another difference is that DDM-1 trains lack destination boards These are screens on the side of the train which indicates the final destination The interior of the DDM-1 is also different from the DDAR The DDM-1 has red seats while the DDAR has green and blue seats DubbelDeks Materieel and DubbelDeks AggloRegiomaterieel are so-called ‘push-pull’ trains The cars are not motorized and must always be pulled or pushed by a locomotive or another type of trainset An often-used locomotive is the Class 1700 you can see pushing the DDM in this case Here is a Class 1700 locomotive close-up This time it’s coupled to a DDAR set Here you can see that the DDAR is equipped with automatic couplers and a green interior There were also motorized DDAR trains, but they were all modernized and rebuilt as the Nieuwe Intercity Dubbeldekker which we will encounter later in the video On the outside there are still some similarities between the DDAR and the Nieuwe Intercity Dubbeldekker And now, probably the best-known train of NS

The VIRM, Verlengd InterRegioMaterieel Striking characteristics include the steeply-raked cab at the front and the bend in the sides of the train The name “InterRegioMaterieel” was chosen based on the fact that these trains were originally intended for InterRegio train services Those would be an intermediate service type between ‘Sprinter’ and ‘Intercity’ The system with “Sprinters”, “InterRegio” (or SnelTreins) and “Intercitys” was however never introduced A key characteristic of the VIRM is the noise you hear as the train accelerates This is the noise of the power electronics which control the motors The noise sounds like this: [acceleration noise of VIRM] The interior of the VIRM differs depending on the generation but it looks roughly like this in second class: and like this in first class: Later we will see that the interior of the Modernized VIRM looks very different Now then, the next double-decker, the DDZ, or “Nieuwe Intercity Dubbeldekker” Key characteristics of this train include the large windshield and the absence of a low blue stripe on the motor unit at the front or back of the trainset The Nieuwe Intercity Dubbeldekker was the first train where the principles of double-decker ‘zoning’ were applied As you can see, the interior of the upper level of the NID train has seats mostly arranged in pairs And on the lower level, which is meant for talking, seats are arranged more socially and there is a lounge sofa The area around the doors also known as the “balcony” is spacious and has wide stairs The last double-decker we will cover is the Modernized VIRM These have a different exterior colour scheme than the non-modernized VIRMs The blue stripe on the side no longer runs along the top but along the bottom There is also a blue stripe around the doors The differences are easily spotted in this video where a Modernized VIRM and a non-modernized VIRM are coupled Other changes that were made during the modernization of the VIRM include improved aerodynamics and new LED lighting to make the trains more sustainable The notable aspect of the Modernized VIRM is that the interior is almost identical to that of a DDZ You can see that here: The concept of double-decker ‘zoning’ is also carried over into the modernized VIRM This also means that in the Modernized VIRM lounge sofas are provided Now we have seen all the double-deckers let’s move on to the single-deckers Here there are even more variants We begin again with a type of train that has been in service the longest This is the SGM, or StadsGewestelijk Materieel In 1975, the first SGM entered service As the name suggests, the class is mostly used for suburban services, or Sprinter services This class is also referred to as “Plan A” That term comes from the ‘plan’ layout of NS that was formerly used Between 2003 and 2009 all SGM trains were modernized Today this is reflected with an extra ‘m’ in the SGM type abbreviation The next single-decker we will cover is the ICM, or InterCity Materieel In popular culture, this type of train is better known as the “Koploper” This is because of the train’s cab design with now-unusable connecting passages When trains were coupled together, the walk-through cabs made it possible to walk from one trainset to another during the ride This is the reason that the operator’s cab is raised, it made it possible for passengers to walk underneath The Intercity Materieel comprised 5 different generations, they all look pretty much the same The difference between the generations are therefore not covered in this video

The Intercity Materieel is like the SGM in that it has been modernized In 1980, the InterCity Rijtuigen (coach) entered service Coaches are not motorized and must always be driven by a locomotive such as the Class 1700 The Intercity Rijtuigen are based on the middle units of the Intercity Materieel They therefore closely resemble the ICM The Intercity Rijtuigen are also used for international services and may operate Intercity Direct services on the High Speed Line The Intercity Rijtuigen were also all modernized and air conditioning was installed After a big jump in time, we arrive at the SLT, or Sprinter Light Train These were introduced between 2008 and 2012 As the name suggests, these trains were intended for Sprinter train services The SLT trains were purchased to replace the Mat ’64 trains The Mat ’64 trains have since all been taken out of service The SLT was the first NS trainset to feature a fully open interior There are no doors separating the carriages Because of the introduction of the OV-studentenkaart for secondary students under 18, NS would have a severe equipment shortage from 2017 But the Sprinter Niewe-Generatie would only be delivered starting in 2018 To resolve the shortage, an extra order was made with Stadler Rail for 58 FLIRT trainsets These could be delivered earlier than the Sprinter Nieuwe-Generatie trains namely from 2016 The name “FLIRT” was not determined by NS, it was the product name from the manufacturer Stadler “FLIRT” stands for: “Flinker Leichter Innovativer RegionalTriebzug” The FLIRT is a well-known train type that is used across Europe The exact type that NS ordered is FLIRT 3 The last train we will cover is the Sprinter Niewe Generatie, or SNG These Sprinters, from the Spanish manufacturer CAF, will enter service starting in 2018 They will eventually replace the Stadsgewestelijk Materieel In contrast to the Sprinter LightTrain, the FLIRT and SNG came equipped from the factory with toilets We will now examine the differences between the NS single-deckers Firstly, the Stadsgewestelijk Materieel Until 2003, the train look like this: Between 2003 and 2006 most of the yellow colour was removed, making room for more white and blue A key characteristic of the SGM is the angular front Additionally, the cab is equipped with built-in mirrors that are always collapsed These mirrors were formerly used on certain lines such as the Zoetermeer line which used one-man operation As such there was no conductor on board The operator used the mirrors to see when the doors could safely be closed Nowadays that does not occur anymore The SGM was originally a relatively quick train compared to other Stoptreinen of the time, such as the Mat ’64 This earned it the nickname “Sprinter” The difference from the current-generation Sprinters is that the SGM does not yet have level boarding You can see that here In addition, there are doors between the units of the SGM trainsets The next single-decker is the ICM, Intercity Materieel It is, after the VIRM, the most common train type of NS There are currently 137 ICM trains in service In this video you can see an ICM comprised of 4 train cars coupled to an ICM comprised of 3 cars These are the two length variants in which the ICM occurs With combinations of 3- and 4-car trainsets, the length of the train can be adjusted according to demand The ICM is easily identified by its high cab in combination with the former connecting passages You can see that the connecting passage is unusable because the two doors which separated were replaced by a single plate on the front The connecting passages were removed because they were susceptible to interference and relatively rarely in service The working connecting passages looked like this: The interior of the Intercity Materieel is almost exactly the same as the Intercity Rijtuigen

It looks like this in second class: And like this in first class: In first class there are also some small ‘quiet compartments’ Now then, the Intercity Rijtuigen, ICR The fundamental difference between the Intercity Materieel and the Intercity Rijtuigen is that the Rijtuigen is propelled by a separate locomotive This locomotive can both push or pull the trainset Two commonly-used locomotives are the Class 1700 electric locomotive you see here, and the Class 186 electric locomotive, better known as “TRAXX” When a Class 1700 is being used to push the train, the operator can use the cab car on the front of the ICR trainset to remotely control the locomotive This is not possible with TRAXX locomotives These are instead often arranged in “sandwich” configuration where TRAXX locomotives are placed both at the front and at the back of the train You will see that on this train The combination of TRAXX locomotives and ICR coaches is often used on the High Speed Line The interior of the Intercity Rijtuigen is very similar to the interior of the Intercity Materieel but in addition to blue seats, there are also yellow seats in second class The next single-decker is the most common Sprinter of NS, the Sprinter LightTrain The SLT, like the new FLIRT and SNG, has a modern streamlined appearance In contrast to those newer Sprinters, the SLT lacks side windows in the cab, other than those in the door According to many, the seating comfort of the SLT is inferior to that of the FLIRT and SNG The legroom in the SLT is also relatively limited There are however screens in the SLT which give various information about the trip, such as the train’s speed, and the interior and exterior temperature In 2017, toilets also began to be installed in SLTs Since the introduction of the SLT, there has been much criticism and political pressure about the lack of toilets in these trains An improvement in the SLT compared to older Sprinters is the open interior This makes it possible for the conductor and passengers to easily see along the entire train The second-last single-decker of this video is the FLIRT They look a bit like the SLT but as you can see, there are side windows in the cab, different headlights, a slightly less streamlined front, and blue rings around the doors The FLIRT, like the SLT, has level boarding But the automatic gap filler is considerably wider The interior of the FLIRT is very different from that of the SLT The passenger information screens are mounted above the entryways The garbage cans are also near the entryway so waste can be collected separately All seats are also equipped with power sockets and USB connections The interior is decorated with art by Piet Mondrian This is clearly visible on the washrooms The last and newest single-decker of NS has the fitting name “Sprinter Nieuwe Generatie” These SNG, are similar both inside and outside to the FLIRT Some differences between these train types are that the SNG has a differently-shaped cab and that the SNG lacks buffers on the front Additionally, the exterior colour scheme of the SNG has more blue than that of the FLIRT so the white stripe along the bottom is smaller than that of the FLIRT Here are the interiors of the SNG and the FLIRT next to each other The most notable differences here are that the SNG is equipped with coloured LED lighting and that the art on the washroom is very different That’s all of the train types of NS except for a few special trains used by NS International If it all went by too fast, don’t hesitate to watch the video once more Or twice Or three times As often as you like Let me know in the comments what your favourite train type is!

Thanks for watching, and until next time! Oh yeah, don’t forget to leave a Like

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