THE TRAIN We’ll visit the first steam locomotive festival in Benešov u Prahy We’ll see the craftsmen from the Zubrnice museum railway And we’ll build a wide-gauge railway The train goes like water flows, one car after another, let’s come and play together Train horns, steam hisses, the dispatcher sends kisses Don’t worry – I didn’t go crazy I just wanted to set mood for the first report We’ve visited the first steam locomotive festival in Benešov u Prahy The Train begins FESTIVAL Welcome to Benešov u Prahy, where the first steam locomotive festival took place at the end of September It was organised by railway fans from the Steam Story Agency in cooperation with POSÁZAVSKÝ PACIFIK and Prievidzský Parostrojný Spolok societies There were not just steam locomotives Trains from the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Austria and Germany included 8 steam, 9 diesel and 5 electric locomotives, and 3 motor coaches The preparation took two years but the second year was more intensive We wanted to offer something attractive what hasn’t been seen yet in the Czech Republic And I hope everyone will enjoy the result The heart of the whole event was the old steam locomotive depot in Benešov, where the visitors could explore the machines up to the last screw and learn many interesting facts at the turntable presentation Meanwhile, photographers and cameramen were dispersed all around The organisers prepared 17 trains with many pieces difficult to spot in our country We must mention the steam locomotive 220.194 from Hungary Then also, the 86.1333 locomotive from Germany And the very popular “Green Anton”, the 486.007 steam locomotive, which arrived from Slovakia Anton was born in 1998 on the 150th anniversary of Slovak railways It was lucky that the Slovak Railways were willing to invest in its repair After the boiler pressure test certificate expired, we have renewed it in 2004 and operated the locomotive till 2011 Then it was resting Last year, the locomotive got lucky again It was the 170 years of railways and 100 years of the Czechoslovak Republic And we decided to restore it again for these anniversaries As for the trains with diesel locomotives, the Slovak locomotive T 6780.012 got high attention It was nicknamed “The Orange” by our neighbours On the previous train behind the Orange, you surely noticed this attractive locomotive from Hungary It’s the M 61.001 locomotive The NOHAB locomotives from Sweden started to operate in Hungary around 1963 They replaced steam engines

They were very popular among train drivers for their high comfort and easy handling But everything is getting older and so they were gradually decommissioned at the end of 1990s Fortunately, a few of them remained for nostalgic purposes Which one do you like the most? – Green Anton – He likes Green Anton and Hurvínek We live in Vlašim and so we couldn’t miss these nice steam locomotives that were brought to Benešov by the friends of railway We remember the time when there was a fully operating engine house here So the event reminds us the times when steam traction ruled the railways So far, I liked the freight phototrain Because the Nohab locomotive is rare But there are many other things to see here We didn’t mention one important thing – – that the event also celebrated 125 years of the local railway Olbramovice-Sedlčany and 125 years of the Benešov depot We wish all the best! Now, let’s switch to the festival’s evening, which provided an opportunity to get beautiful photos of heated steam engines Beautiful We must thank for the amazing weekend spent with nice locomotives and motor coaches EXPRESS The railway news is here The sale of tickets will end at 150 railway stations The Railway Infrastructure Administration blames low interest among passengers and also low margins caused by mandatory 75% discounts for students and elderly The passengers in these stations can buy tickets online or directly on the train We accelerate safely It’s the motto of the Railway Signalling and Telecommunication Systems conference organized by RIA in České Budějovice in November More than 600 Czech and foreign experts attended the three-day event Currently, the main topic is safety and acceleration The acceleration is not just about speed but also about speeding up operations and system functions I’m glad that we are here The main hit of the conference is the ETCS implementation program Many times it was said on the conference that the European Train Control System is a very complicated issue There are two types of issues The first is interconnection with the existing railway infrastructure Specifically, I mean stationary stations of the system The second is the mobile part Specifically the equipment of railway carriers and the individual train sets It is a pressing and financially demanding issue A very interesting event took place in September Open Day on the Negrelli Viaduct People could walk on the oldest railway bridge in Prague, which is currently being reconstructed under the supervision of curators The Negrelli Viaduct reconstruction has been running since April 2017 Currently, the project is in a very advanced stage And we can say that the bearing structure is almost completely finished Today, you can walk on the whole bridge deck which already has hard surface protecting the insulation Antivibration mats are already installed in some places Subsequently, the gravel bed with the track will be laid According to the Railway Infrastructure Administration, the Negrelli Viaduct built between 1845 and 1849 should be re-opened on 1st June 2020 For the 20th anniversary of the Museum in Lužná u Rakovníka, an event called the Railway Day took place here in September The two-day event presented various historical and modern locomotives

which pulled retro train sets to Louny, Beroun or Rakovník The event also included an attractive night show, where the most interesting locomotives of the Railway Day were shown And another good news: After more then 50 years since its decommissioning and 10 years of repairs, the 414.096 locomotive “Heligon” from 1906 departed on its first public ride Thus it is the only such locomotive in operational state The Museum in Lužná u Rakovníka takes care of it It handles really well It is a strong locomotive It is easy to operate and brake It is still necessary to resolve some issues but this is normal for newly operating vehicles I have liked the machine from the start The repaired Heligon is one of the oldest Czech locomotives And why Heligon? For its typical chimney looking like a part of the brass instrument And now for the winners of the last competition Correct answer to the last question: The Martinice v Krkonoších – Rokytnice nad Jizerou line celebrated 120 years of existence Our original baseball caps go to: Vladimír Štěrba, Sokolov, Martin Běl, Nýřany, Martin Birtus, Rudník Hello to all It’s coming! The speciality of Albatros is this little window, which is unique In January 2020, The Train will start a new segment called The Legends Locomotives from 037 got even bigger baffle plates Your guide will be Rostislav Kolmačka from the legendary prototypy.cz web It is the first piece made, the mother of today’s 110 series So watch us in the year 2020! I just ate a fly or something ZUBRNICE This may seem like we went to another steam event – – this time on the Zubrnice museum railway – – that will end in nice shots of the steam locomotive and happy passengers But this time, we are going much further The Velké Březno – Zubrnice line crew extends the track to Lovečkovice But everything in order Now, we’ll go back to the sunny September weekend We’ve been doing these steam events for five years now We would like to show old machines that were used on the railway to the passengers Today, the 431 series steam locomotive is here It pulls old historical cars with wooden benches We use a booster because the track is demanding and so a second locomotive has to be used The locomotive is nicknamed Valve Gear because it uses valve gear instead of slide valve gear This is normal for steam locomotives, but many of these were made This one was made in 1927 It spent its whole active life in Austria When the steam operation ended in 1970s, it was bought by a Swiss society and it moved to a museum railway in Germany In 2015, it was bought by a private Czech museum And so for three years, it has been running in the Czech Republic under the Museum of old machines in Žamberk The perfectly organized event had 2,500 visitors which is the highest number since the Zubrnice railway began with steam trains When people visit this picturesque railway, they can see a beautiful exhibition dedicated to the railway in Zubrnice By the way, movies like Boys Will Be Boys and Rebels were shot here

In a car in the station, they can also see historical interlocking equipment We mustn’t forget the railway exhibition in the former Lovečkovice railway station to which we will return soon In the nearby Střekov, there is also a technological rarity A fully functional pumping station from 1874 This station pumped water for steam locomotives for the Střekov station So the water is pumped to the first floor from the tunnel and from the well, where a pump is located 23m below the ground And the pump is powered by this 5hp steam engine And now we are getting to the part which we promised at the beginning of the report You are watching the volunteers restoring the track behind the Zubrnice station Their motto: Next station Lovečkovice In 1978, the track was closed and the rails were stolen It happened despite protests and protest songs Come with us to Levín, Úštěk or Hrádek Our train has been running here for more than 100 years Saturday is here, Express train to Levín Saturday is here, Express train to Levín Saturday is here, Express train to Levín Saturday is here, the rails rumble in the valley They say that they will close the track But the track is great for the region The train carries you along the hillside like in the Alps The valley is below you, blue sky above you If you like speed, just use the road Get yourself killed in Formula 1 if you like The train carries normal people The old Levín tower sees that well Now we are at the end of the restored section of the Zubrnice Lovečkovice line It is around 300m from Zubrnice This is our current goal We will continue to the 5km distant Lovečkovice We will gradually restore all the sections to get the passengers to the Lovečkovice railway station For me, it’s an opportunity to support my eldest son who is a big railway fan I myself work in the museum industry, so I’m gladly supporting such activities Does the effort to restore the track resonate with you? You can support it through the transparent account displayed on the screen A proof that the people from the Zubrnice museum railway are for real is that they organised a bus line from Zubrnice to Úštěk which runs along the destroyed railway The substitute buses use the historical Škoda 706 RTO Negotiations with the Ústí nad Labem Region will decide on the future of the bus line The charity collection is not the only means of support Just buy a train ticket on the next event of the Zubrnice museum railway or buy a snack or a gift at the railway station You can be sure that your money will go to upgrading the track And so long live the railway! SLOW TRAIN Last time, the Slow Train visited Mšeno where you sent us Some of you also said that if we visited Mšeno, we must also see Blíževedly Se we will explore everything here starting with the railway station Our station was established in 1898 It lies on the Lovosice-Česká Lípa line It is 369.452 above the sea level as the highest point of the track And also the most beautiful

In 2018, Blíževedly won the award The Most Beautiful Czech Railway Station We take care of the station with passion and love We spend around 240 hours each month here And so it feels and looks like our second home What a beautiful cat named Bonifác We have many flowers here We also have a children’s room Today, we’ve built a rock garden We mow the grass in the park The station also has the support of the local major who we visited to learn something about Blíževedly Blíževedly has a rich history The first references are from the early 13th century and mention the Church of St Wenceslas Blíževedly was a city It was a market city where regular fairs took place We had an execution ground here as well There was also a brewery And so the city was very rich But the place had hard times as well In the past, plague decimated Blíževedly and its surroundings One of the biggest plague columns in our country reminds of the time It was built in 1714 We proceed to a secret place which is also related to the dark period I was beginning to worry that we wouldn’t find it Here, a plague cemetery was built at the end of the 17th century The graves were consumed by the vegetation and the fate of the people is reminded by a statue made of monolithic sandstone But enough dark times, let’s go have some fun This is a paradise for tourists From the station, you can hike to the Ronov castle, the dominant of our town The climb is hellish So far, it’s the most demanding climb of the Slow Train But there is amazing view of the Ronov castle The castle is not a cultural monument, but the hill is a natural monument Ronov was established in the 14th century by Klinštejns related to the Ronov house Since 1608, it was referenced as derelict And in 1643, it was burnt down by the Swedish armies In 1832, the famous poet Karel Hynek Mácha visited the castle And now let’s take a walk through the local nature There are many hiking trails around rocks If the weather is nice, the walks are amazing and the places are interesting Roaming along the rock formations, don’t forget to visit the Gypsy Cave Why Gypsy Cave? Nobody knows anymore The time reserved for the Slow Train ends We return to the beautiful railway station to catch a train So I hope that you liked Blíževedly as much as Bonifác here Send your tips to [email protected] and decide where should I go next time They have to write me am I right Bonifác? AMAZING RECOLLECTIONS 88 kilometres of new rails in thirty months A really fast construction The wide-gauge line Užhorod – Haniska pri Košiciach was closely watched because it was crucial for the transport of ore into Košice ironworks The construction began on 16 March 1964 and the line was opened on 1st May 1966 Today, you will see various construction machines of the wide-gauge line The track superstructure construction was carried out mainly by machinery Delays are usually caused by issues with the gravel supply To prevent these issues, several large gravel storage sites were built

that were equipped with heavy machines The gravel for the base layer of the gravel bed was brought in by large dump tracks The material was distributed by bulldozers and levelled by auto-graders The levelled layer was compacted by static road rollers that made five passes in each section Two assembly bases were built in Haniska and Veľké Kapušany Thanks to two travelling gantry cranes with carrying capacity of 10 megaponds and a skilled assembly crew the daily performance was very good The gantry cranes placed rails on the sleepers mounted on an assembly bench using suitable slings T-superstructure with concrete and wooden sleepers was mounted on the wide-gauge track SB R2 type reinforced concrete sleepers were made specially for the new railway They were 269cm long and they were installed in most sections of the track Wooden sleepers were used in sections with bad geological conditions Several installation methods were used This is the Soviet track laying system UK25 The system is fed with track sections placed in five layers on platform cars with a transport mechanism The sections are installed very fast with minimum physical strain of the crew The PKP track laying system is different from the previous one because the laying bridge is adapted to be pulled by Tatra trucks and moves on the levelled surface of the rail bed The laying cycle is the same one used by other laying systems The track section is fixed to three lifting beams for even weight distribution The track laying system UK25-21 was able to lay up to 1,000m of 25 metre and 21 ton track sections per hour These machines were used also by ČSD, our country even made them Restored ones are used even today The same goes for the PKP laying system They do up to 200m of track per hour However, they no longer use Tatra 138 They were used by the rail army, also seen in the film The tractor-pulled PB3M laying system was only lent to us It did up to 300m per hour Another track laying system is the Soviet PB3 The front of the bridge is mounted on a caterpillar tractor which moves on the rail bed surface The rear is fixed to a gantry above the rails which is supported by a caterpillar undercarriage The track was laid from the ends of the track in opposite directions until the installation crews met between Slanec and Ruskov on 19th October 1965 The rail section placed in the gap between the two sections was cut to the required length Holes for connecting screws had to be created at the end of the cut section They were punched by a special machine By fixing the last joints and tightening fixing screws, the track laying process was almost completed The track has to be filled with gravel and the rail bed has to be shaped A tractor dozer was used for this purpose with success It is a part of a Soviet light dozer system It is basically a tractor with side wings and a front shield that distributes gravel brought in by the dump trucks in fills gravel between the sleepers and forms the rail bed This versatile machine can replace 47 workers Wide-gauge tamping machines were used for height adjustment of rails

Directional adjustment was carried out by PRM1, a machine that offers easy handling and high performance Based on a Swiss design, SP63 was the first Czechoslovak-made tamping machine The Soviet Union supplied the PRM1 machine imported in the mid 1960s It was used until the beginning of the 21st century The wide-gauge railway is finished And the track waits for its opening It is unnecessary to describe its importance for the development transport, industry and life in Czechoslovakia It is important that a new railway was built A wide-gauge railway of key importance We end with a view of the most numerous Soviet locomotive 6800 machines replaced steam locomotives in freight transport It also transported Baikonur rockets The one in the film – TE35762 – was made in Vorosilovgrad, Luhansk in 1965 and it was used by Lvov railways After modernization in Lithuania in 1981, it moved to Azerbaydzhan Next time, we’ll see dispatcher-train driver communication using the Tesla transmitter STOP BLOCK Today, the STOP BLOCK needs no comments This episode of The Train is ending This time, I will ask you in what years the Negrelli Viaduct was built Send your answers to the addresses on the screen by 15 November 2019 and win one of three The Train t-shirts Take care and Long live the railway!

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