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[CAPTIONING SPONSORED BY SLEEP TRAIN MATTRESS CENTERS, YOUR TICKET TO A BETTER NIGHT’S SLEEP!] CALIFORNIA’S MOST POWERFUL EARTHQUAKE IN DECADES FOLLOWED A DAY LATER BY AN EVEN STRONGER ONE NOW, THE RECOVERY >> EVERYTHING COLLAPSED UNDERNEATH >> IT WAS DEVASTATING AND HORRIBLE >> IS A HUGE MESS >> THE CLEANUP AND QUESTIONS >> IS THAT A SURPRISE TO YOU? >> A NEW DISASTER FOCUSING NEW ATTENTION ON A CONTINUING REALITY FROM ONE END OF OUR STATE TO THE OTHER >> WHAT YOU ARE REALLY WORRIED ABOUT IS IF WE ARE GOING TO TRIGGER SOMETHING ELSE >> THIS IS A KCRA 3 NEWS SPAECIAL “CALIFORNIA — LIVING IN EARTHQUAKE COUNTRY.” EDIE: AFTERSHOCKS ARE STILL RATTLING HOMES, BUSINESSES AND NERVES AND RIDGECREST AS CREWS ARE WORKING TO ASSESS THE DAMAGE KELLIE: THEY WERE TAGGING BIG OF THE — TAGGING BUILDINGS TODAY SOME HAVE NO ELECTRICITY, POWER OR WATER INSPECTORS EXPECT DOZENS OF PROPERTIES WILL HAVE SIGNIFICANT DAMAGE ABOUT 100 PEOPLE ARE NOW STAYING AT RIDGECREST MAIN SHELTER WITH DOZENS MORE CAMPING ON THE SHELTER’S LAWN OUTSIDE, STILL TOO AFRAID TO GO INDOORS EDIE: HERE IS A UNIQUE VIEW OF THE EARTHQUAKE DAMAGE FROM SPACE THAT IS THE BEFORE IMAGE OF THE HIGH DESERT AREA WHERE THE EARTHQUAKES HIT NOW TAKE A LOOK AT THE AFTER PHOTO YOU CAN SEE THE CRACK THAT OPENED UP NEAR THE EPICENTER OF THE QUAKE GEOLOGISTS ARE LOOKING THIS RUPTURE IN THE EARTH TO LEARN MORE ABOUT THE EARTHQUAKE ACTIVITY MUCH OF THE DAMAGE HAS BEEN MODEST, BUT THERE ARE EXCEPTIONS KELLIE: MARLEI MARTINEZ SHOWS US SOME OF THE HARDEST HIT AREAS MARLEI: AT FIRST GLANCE IT IS HARD TO TELL THAT THE SMALL DESERT TOWN WAS ROCKED BY TWO MASSIVE EARTHQUAKES PEOPLE MILLING AROUND BUT JUST OUTSIDE RIDGECREST, ROAD CREWS REPAID HIGHWAY 178 THE DESERT ROAD THAT LINKS THE TWO TOWNS HIT BY THE QUAKES, SEPARATED BY THIS SPLIT INCHES DEEP THE USGS MONITORING FOR EARTHQUAKE ACTIVITY >> LOOKS LIKE THERE WAS A CRACK IN THE ROAD HERE MARLEI: ALSO ON RECONNAISSANCE, AN ENGINEER FROM A SACRAMENTO COUNTY >> IT LOOKS LIKE IT HAS MOVED MARLEI: ASSESSING THE STRENGTH OF ROADS AND STRUCTURES THIS MOBILE HOME PARK, ONE OF THE HARDEST HIT AREAS OF RIDGECREST >> THE TRAILERS COLLAPSED ONE AFTER THE OTHER IT WAS LIKE A DOMINO EFFECT MARLEI: HOMES EXPLODING FROM GAS LEAKS WINDSHIELD SHATTERED >> ALL THE BRICKS FALLING DOWN CHILDREN AND WOMEN SCREAMING IT WAS DEVASTATING IT WAS HORRIBLE AND IT IS SCARY MARLEI: FROM HOMES TO LIVELIHOODS LOOTERS STEALING A CASH REGISTER AND SCRATCHERS >> IT WAS TOUGH A PUNCH IN THE GUT MARLEI: OTHERS SURPRISED BY STRANGERS’ GENEROSITY DIDN’T EVEN KNOW HIM? >> NO MARLEI: OUT-OF-TOWNERS WALKING THROUGH THE DOOR JUST TO LEND A HAND >> I APPRECIATE ALL THOSE PEOPLE GOOD PEOPLE ARE STILL AROUND MARLEI: THERE HAVE NOT BEEN MANY REPORTS OF STRUCTURAL DAMAGE FROM THE RIDGECREST EARTHQUAKE NOT EVERYONE WAS SO LUCKY, LIKE THIS FAMILY WE WERE INVITED HERE TO THIS HOUSE AND YOU CAN SEE THE ENTIRE HOUSE ACTUALLY SHIFTED BACKWARDS THE FRONT WALL IS NOW LOPSIDED THERE IS A GAP BY THE FRONT DOOR THE FRONT DOOR ITSELF EVEN MOVED BACK ON THE SIDE OF THE HOUSE, THIS IS WHERE THEIR WASHER AND DRYERS ARE THE MACHINES SHIFTED FROM THE WALL A FAMILY OF SIX LIVES INSIDE HERE A MOM, DAD, AND THEIR FOUR BOYS THEY WERE INSIDE WHEN THE LATEST EARTHQUAKE HIT AND THEY RAN OUTSIDE TO SAFETY ON THEIR DRIVEWAY YOU CAN SEE THE CRACK’S FROM THE ACTUAL EARTHQUAKES A FAMILY OF SIX THAT LIVES HERE WITH FOUR YOUNG BOYS THIS IS THEIR DRIVEWAY WHERE THEY PLAY BASKETBALL NOW YOU CAN SEE IT IS A MESS THEY TOLD US ABOUT THEIR JOURNEY MOVING FORWARD >> WE WERE HEARING THE DOORFRAMES CREAKING AFTER THE FIRST BIG ONE CREAKING AND BREAKING STILL IT WAS PRETTY SCARY MY KIDS WERE SCARED THE BABY WAS CRYING RIGHT AFTER WE ALL GOT OUTSIDE THE GROUND STARTED SHAKING THAT IS OFF FROM THE SECOND ONE WE HAVE NOT REALLY CLEANED UP ANYTHING MARLEI: WHAT IS NEXT FOR YOU? >> MOVING WHATEVER WE CAN OR WHATEVER YOU CAN SALVAGE FROM THE HOUSE WE ARE TAKING EVERYTHING AS IT COMES WE ARE STILL ALL OK SO THAT IS WHAT MATTERS EDIE: MAR LATE JOINS US FROM RIDGECREST YOU ARE AT THE EARTHQUAKE SHELTER WHAT ARE PEOPLE FEELING TONIGHT? THEY HAVE BEEN THROUGH SO MUCH MARLEI: PEOPLE ARE REALLY ON EDGE EVEN THOUGH IT HAS BEEN A FEW DAYS SINCE THE LAST MAJOR QUAKE

THEY ALREADY SURVIVED A 6.4 EARTHQUAKE EVEN THOUGH THE CHANCES WERE VERY LOW, THE NEXT DAY SURVIVED A 7.1 NOW THEY ARE WAITING WITH BAITED BREATH, IS THE NEXT ONE COMING? EDIE: THERE HAVE BEEN THOUSANDS OF AFTERSHOCKS HAVE YOU BEEN FEELING THOSE? MARLEI: ACTUALLY SINCE WE HAVE ARRIVED WE HAVE FELT TWO THE FIRST NIGHT WE WERE HERE SATURDAY NIGHT IT WAS AROUND 10:00 AT NIGHT WE WERE JUST ABOUT TO GO LIVE WE WERE SITTING IN OUR CAR WHEN ALL OF A SUDDEN IT STARTED TO SHAKE THE WINDOWS NEARBY STARTED TO RATTLE THE DOGS IN THE BACKGROUND AT THE MOBILE HOME ALL STARTED BARKING AND IT TURNS OUT THAT WAS A 4.5 MAGNITUDE EARTHQUAKE ACCORDING TO THE USGS LATER THAT NIGHT WHEN WE WERE SLEEPING AT THE HOTEL I WAS IN BED AND THE BED STARTED TO MOVE ANOTHER 3.5 EARTHQUAKE UNDERSTANDABLY THAT IS WHY THE PEOPLE HERE CANNOT QUITE RELAX EVEN OF THE CHANCES ARE STILL SO LOW THAT THERE WILL NOT BE ANOTHER BIG EARTHQUAKE EVERYONE YOU TALK TO, THEY WONDER IF THERE IS ANOTHER ONE COMING EDIE: AND YOU CANNOT BLAME THEM OF COURSE WE WISH THEM ALL THE BEST AND WE WISH YOU A SAFE TRIP BACK TO SACRAMENTO KELLIE: THE AFTERSHOCKS CONTINUE TO RATTLE SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA THE MAIN QUAKE FRIDAY NIGHT YOU SEE THIS POOL SWAYING BACK AND FORTH INSIDE OF PEOPLE’S HOMES LIGHTS GOING OUT, EVEN AT RESTAURANTS LET’S CHECK IN WITH MARK FINAN WHO HAS BEEN MAC — MAPPING OUT THESE QUAKES MARK: LET’S WIND THE CLOCK BACK TO FRIDAY NIGHT KEEP IN MIND THIS IS AFTER WE ALREADY HAD THE 6.4 THURSDAY THIS IS FRIDAY NIGHT AROUND 8:00 WE ARE MAPPING OUT THESE EARTHQUAKES AS THEY HAPPEN ANYTHING BIGGER THAN 2.5 SHOWS UP AS A RED DOT AS WE ARE GOING THROUGH FRIDAY NIGHT WE STARTED SEEING SOME OF THESE ALL OF A SUDDEN THERE WAS A 5.0 AROUND 8:17.% THIS WAS FELT AS FAR NORTH AS MODESTO JUST A COUPLE MINUTES LATER WE GOT THE 7.1 THAT ONE WAS FELT ALL THE WAY UP TO SACRAMENTO AND MANY OTHER PLACES AS WE WENT THROUGH THE REST OF FRIDAY NIGHT, LOOK AT ALL THE OTHER MINOR EARTHQUAKES COMPARED TO THE 7.1, BUT SOMETHING INTERESTING THE USGS POINTED OUT IT APPEARED THE FAULT LINE WAS EXPANDING NORTH THAT IS WHERE YOU ARE SEEING A LOT OF AFTERSHOCKS MUCH FARTHER NORTH NOW TO TODAY WITHIN THE LAST THREE HOURS I AM JUST MAPPING OUT EARTHQUAKES IN EXCESS OF 2.5 THEY CONTINUE TODAY UP AND DOWN THAT SAME LINE WHERE WE HAVE BEEN SEEING THEM SINCE LAST THURSDAY EDIE: SO WHAT IS GOING ON TONIGHT IN SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA, AND WHAT DO ALL THESE QUAKES MEAN FOR FUTURE EARTHQUAKE ACTIVITY? KELLIE: GULSTAN DART JOINS US TO ANSWER SOME OF THOSE QUESTIONS GULSTAN: I AM GOING TO NEED SOME HELP TO DO THAT AND JOINING US AS ACTING CALIFORNIA STATE GEOLOGIST TIM WE REALLY APPRECIATE YOU COMING HERE WE HAVE NOT SEEN THIS KIND OF POWER IN THE LAST 20 YEARS EXACTLY WHAT IS GOING ON RIGHT NOW IN SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA? TIM: THIS AREA HAS ACTUALLY BEEN EXPERIENCING LARGE EARTHQUAKES FOR A WHILE IN 1872 THERE WAS THE OWENS VALLEY EARTHQUAKE, A MAGNITUDE 7.6 THAT WAS NORTH OF THE AREA 1980, THERE WAS A SWARM, ABOUT THE BIGGEST WAS 4.9 THAT LASTED 14 MONTHS THIS AREA IS PRETTY USED TO A LOT OF THOSE AFTERSHOCKS GULSTAN: MARLEI WAS TALKING ABOUT HOW PEOPLE CANNOT REALLY RELAX YET AND RIDGECREST WILL THIS AREA NOT BE PRONE TO MORE QUAKES IN THE FORESEEABLE FUTURE? TIM: I THINK PEOPLE THERE CAN EXPECT AFTERSHOCKS FOR MONTHS IF NOT YEARS DUE TO THIS EARTHQUAKE IT JUST SEEMS TO BE PART OF THIS TERRITORY WERE AFTERSHOCKS A VERY COMMON GULSTAN: WE HEAR ABOUT THE SAN ANDREAS FAULT, PEOPLE NEED TO BE MINDFUL, THERE ARE HUNDREDS OF FAULT LINES ALL ACROSS THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA THEY NEED TO BE CONCERNED ABOUT THAT AS WELL TIM: YES, THEY SHOULD OUT OF THESE EARTHQUAKES WE ALWAYS LEARN THAT YOU NEED TO BE PREPARED WHEREVER YOU ARE IN CALIFORNIA YOU MAY LIVE IN A PLACE LIKE SACRAMENTO WHERE IT IS RELATIVELY SAFE, BUT WE ALL VISIT RELATIVES AND FRIENDS IN THE COAST AREAS WHERE WE COULD BE EXPOSED TO THAT SAME SEISMIC ACTIVITY GULSTAN: WE ARE HEARING FROM PEOPLE IN RIDGECREST, THEY ARE CONCERNED THAT MORE OF THESE QUAKES ARE COMING THEY ARE WONDERING IF WHAT THEY WENT THROUGH FRIDAY IS SOME KIND OF PRECURSOR, A PRE-SHOCK TO AN EVEN BIGGER EARTHQUAKE, THE SO-CALLED BIG ONE WHAT WOULD YOU TELL THOSE PEOPLE WHO ARE CONCERNED ABOUT THAT? TIM: WE CANNOT PREDICT THEM IT COULD HAPPEN BUT WE KNOW AS WE MOVE AWAY FROM THAT 7.1 TIME-WISE, AS WE GET A WEEK AWAY, THE PROBABILITY OF ANOTHER 7.0 DROPS DRAMATICALLY THE CHANCE OF GETTING ANOTHER ONE IN THE NEXT MONTH IS ABOUT 1%

WE WILL SEE A LOT OF MAGNITUDE 5.0’S, THE ONES THAT ALARM YOU ABOUT A 13% CHANCE WE WILL SEE 6.0’S IN THE NEXT MONTH SO, 5.0’S ARE TO BE EXPECTED GULSTAN: THANK YOU FOR WHAT YOU DO EDIE: AND WE ARE SEEING A LOT OF THOSE AFTERSHOCKS AN EARTHQUAKE EXPERT WAS RIGHT IN THE MIDDLE OF ONE AS SHE WAS BRIEFING REPORTERS ABOUT THAT 7.1 QUAKE SHE SPOTTED ANOTHER AFTERSHOCK AS IT WAS DEVELOPING ON THE EARLY DETECTION SYSTEM HERE IS WHAT THAT MOMENT LOOKED LIKE AS A PLAYED OUT ON LIVE TV >> OH, 5.7 SO, WE HAVE AN EARTHQUAKE THAT HAS ALREADY BEGUN SLIGHTLY NORTHWEST OF THE MAIN SHOCK EARLY WARNING SYSTEM IS SAYING 5.7 WITH 26 SECONDS UNTIL IT GETS HERE WE FELT A 4.9 BEFORE ASSUMING THE MAGNITUDE IS NOT INCORRECTLY ESTIMATED MY GUEST IS THIS WILL COME THROUGH IN ABOUT 12 >> CAN WE XPECT THIS MAGNITUDE OF AFTERSHOCK THROUGHOUT THE REST OF THE EVENING? >> YES THE LARGEST AFTERSHOCK IS LIKELY TO BE A 6.0 >> HERE WE GO >> THERE IT IS FEEL IT? YEAH >> THAT WAS THE PHONE RINGING [LAUGHTER] >> THAT WAS LESS THAN THE ONE I FELT FROM THE ONE THAT WAS LABELED 4.5 EDIE: THAT WAS ONE OF A FEW THAT PLAYED OUT LIKE THAT ON LIVE TV YOU MAY BE WONDERING HOW AN EARTHQUAKE EARLY WARNING SYSTEM ACTUALLY WORKS JOINING US AS RYAN FROM THE STATE OFFICE OF EMERGENCY SERVICES WALK US THROUGH HOW THESE EARLY WARNINGS WORK RYAN: WHAT WE HAVE DONE IS WE HAVE INVESTED OVER $25 MILLION TO PUT EARTHQUAKE SENSORS INTO THE GROUND ONCE THE EARTHQUAKE STARTS, THE CENTERS PICK UP THE EARTHQUAKE AT ITS EARLIEST SHAKING THERE’S AN INITIAL BURST OF ENERGY WE DO NOT EVEN FEEL THE SENSORS DETECT THAT AND THEY CAN ESTIMATE WITH THE LEVEL OF SHAKING WILL BE AT ANYONE’S LOCATION OUR GOAL IS TO GET THAT ALERT THROUGH THE SYSTEM FAST ENOUGH TO GET TO YOU BEFORE IT ARRIVES SO YOU CAN TAKE PROTECTIVE ACTION LIKE DROP, COVER AND HOLD ON KELLIE: CALIFORNIA IS A BIG STATE SO WHERE ARE WE IN DEVELOPING A STATEWIDE SYSTEM? RYAN: SINCE 2016 WE HAVE BEEN WORKING, FIRST WE STARTED BY TAKING THE EXISTING SEISMIC NETWORK AND CONVERTED THOSE TO BE FAST ENOUGH TO DELIVER THESE EARTHQUAKE EARLY WARNINGS WE HAVE ACTUALLY GOTTEN TO THE POINT WHERE WE ARE 70% COMPLETE WITH BUILDING THAT SEISMIC NETWORK WE HAVE 30% MORE TO GO BUT WE HAVE THE FUNDING AND WE ARE ON TRACK TO HAVE IT BUILT OUT BY 2021 EDIE: WHAT CAN BE EXPECT ONCE THAT SYSTEM IS UP AND RUNNING? IT SOUNDS LIKE THE EARTH SHAKES IN A CERTAIN AREA AND HE FURTHER AWAY YOU ARE, THE MORE WARNING YOU WOULD HAVE RYAN: THAT IS RIGHT IF YOU ARE RIGHT ON TOP OF THE EARTHQUAKE, THAT MAY NOT BE ENOUGH TIME HE MARCHED — YOU MIGHT START TO FEEL THE SHAKING AND OF COURSE WE WANT TO REMIND YOU IF YOU ARE IN THAT CASE, YOU FEEL THE SHAKING, TO TAKE THAT PROTECTIVE ACTION AS YOU GET FARTHER FROM THE EPICENTER THAT IS WHERE WE CAN START TO GIVE YOU THE WARNINGS IN MOST CASES WE ARE LOOKING AT A FEW SECONDS FOR THE ALERTS IN SOME CASES IT MAY BE TENS OF SECONDS REGARDLESS OF THE FACT WE WANT YOU TO KNOW WHEN YOU GET THAT ALERT TO DROP, COVER, AND HOLD ON KELLIE: CURIOUS AS YOU MENTION THAT, YOU TALK ABOUT JUST A FEW SECONDS WHAT DOES THAT ACCOMPLISH FOR FOLKS WHO MAY BE HEAR A RING OR A BUZZ AND THEN THE EARTHQUAKE HITS WHAT WILL THAT DO FOR FOLKS? RYAN: IT IS ONE OF THE THINGS WE NOTICE IS THAT WHEN EARTH HER — EARTHQUAKES DO NOT OCCUR THAT OFTEN SO IT CAN SOMEWHAT A SURPRISE TO US, IT INTERRUPTS OUR DAILY LIFE THERE CAN BE SOME TIME DELAYS IN RECOGNIZING THE EARTH IS MOVING THEN HOPEFULLY YOU HALVED HAD — YOU HAVE HAD TRAINING AND GOT THE MESSAGE SO YOU CAN PROTECT YOURSELF IN THIS CASE WE HOPE TO COMBINE WITH AN AGGRESSIVE EDUCATION OUTREACH PROGRAM INCLUDED IN THE BUDGET THIS YEAR, AND GOVERNOR NEWSOM’S BUDGET WE HOPE TO TEACH PEOPLE THAT WHEN YOU HEAR THE ALERT YOU AUTOMATICALLY DROP, COVER AND HOLD ON IN MANY CASES YOU CAN PROTECT YOURSELF BEFORE THE SHAKING EVEN ARRIVES, AND THAT SHOULD REDUCE INJURIES, SAVE YOURSELF, THEN YOU WILL BE ABLE TO HELP OTHERS AFTER THE EARTHQUAKE AND GET BACK TO YOUR LIFE EDIE: HOW DO PEOPLE GET THOSE MESSAGES? RYAN: WE ARE WORKING ON THOSE DELIVERY PATHS OVER THE PAST FEW MONTHS WE HAVE DONE A FEW TESTS, ONE IN OAKLAND IN MARCH WE DID ANOTHER TEST A FEW WEEKS AGO IN SAN DIEGO TO DELIVER THE ALERT THROUGH THE WIRELESS EMERGENCY ALERT SYSTEM WE ARE REVIEWING THOSE RESULTS AND SEEING IF THAT CAN BE INCORPORATED IN ADDITION WE ARE LOOKING AT A STATEWIDE CELL PHONE APP PEOPLE CAN DOWNLOAD TO RECEIVE THOSE ALERTS TO THEIR PHONE THERE ARE MANY OTHER WAYS INCLUDING SENDING THOSE ALERTS IN SCHOOLS, HOSPITALS, AND YOUR OFFICE SPACE

WE ARE LOOKING AT EVERY ROUTE POSSIBLE TO GET YOU THAT ALERT KELLIE: RYAN WITH THE STATE OFFICE OF EMERGENCY SERVICES, THANK YOU FOR ALL YOU DO I KNOW YOU HAVE BEEN BUSY SO THANK YOU FOR SPENDING TIME WITH US TONIGHT EDIE: OF COURSE AN EARTHQUAKE DOES NOT HAVE TO BE BIG TO CAUSE MASSIVE DAMAGE NEXT WE WILL LOOK AT SOME QUAKES THAT WERE LESS POWERFUL, BUT FAR MORE DESTRUCTIVE THAN WHAT WE HAVE JUST SEEN IN RIDGECREST EDIE: THE SEVERITY OF AN EARTHQUAKE DEPENDS ON A FEW THINGS AMONG THEM, THE EPICENTER, AND THE MAGNITUDE THE RICH QUEST QUAKE WAS A 7.1, BUT DAMAGE HAS BEEN LIMITED AND NO ONE WAS KILLED WE HAVE SEEN SMALLER QUAKES WHICH CAUSED MUCH MORE DAMAGE ON AUGUST 24 OF 2014 A 6.0 HIT THE NAPA AREA THAT QUAKE KILLED ONE PERSON AND HURT HUNDREDS IT ALSO CAUSED UP TO $1 BILLION IN DAMAGE THE NORTHRIDGE EARTHQUAKE THAT HIT BACK IN 1994 WAS A 6.7 MAGNITUDE IT HAPPENED OBVIOUSLY IN A DENSELY POPULATED AREA 57 PEOPLE WERE KILLED AND AT LEAST 8700 PEOPLE WERE HURT THE DAMAGE ESTIMATES WERE AT LEAST $13 BILLION 1989’S LOMA PRIETA EARTHQUAKE WAS A 6.9 MAGNITUDE IT KILLED 60 THREE PEOPLE MOST OF THOSE FATALITIES WERE IN OAKLAND, 70 MILES FROM THE EPICENTER THAT QUAKE INJURED MORE THAN 3700 PEOPLE AND DAMAGE TOPPED $6 MILLION KELLIE: IF THOSE EARTHQUAKES HAD HAPPENED CLOSE TO A LARGER POPULATION CENTER, FATALITIES, INJURIES, AND DAMAGE COSTS WOULD HAVE BEEN MUCH HIGHER TAKE A LOOK AT THIS MAP IT SHOWS THE EARTHQUAKE SHAKING POTENTIAL OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA THESE AREAS SHADED IN RED ARE AT THE HIGHEST RISK YOU CAN SEE THAT LINE THAT GOES ALONG THE COAST NOW, THERE ARE AREAS SHADED IN GREEN WHERE WE ARE THE CENTRAL VALLEY HERE THOSE ARE CONSIDERED LOWEST RISK SACRAMENTO, STOCKTON, THE FOOTHILLS THAT IS NOT TO SAY THE AIR IS IN GREEN ARE IMMUNE FROM EARTHQUAKES LARGE AND FREQUENT EARTHQUAKES CAN STILL DO MAJOR DAMAGE NOW TAKE A LOOK AT THIS MAP OF CALIFORNIA THE LINES YOU SEE ARE THE FAULTS AS WE ZOOM INTO NORTHERN CALIFORNIA YOU CAN START TO SEE FAULTS IN THE AUBURN AREA, ANOTHER ONE IN YOLO COUNTY OUTSIDE OF WOODLAND, AND THAT PHONE PRODUCED A 16.9 MAGNITUDE

QUAKE IN 1862 LET’S DIVE A LITTLE DEEPER INTO THIS JOINING ME TO TALK ABOUT EARTHQUAKE RISK IN CALIFORNIA IS THE DEPARTMENT CHAIR FOR EARTH AND PLANETARY SCIENCES AT UC DAVIS THANK YOU FOR COMING WHEN YOU HEAR THAT AND YOU LOOK AT THIS MAP, WHAT IS THIS TELLING YOU AT THIS POINT? MICHAEL: FIRST I HAVE TO SAY THAT 16.9 IS BIGGER THAN IS PHYSICALLY POSSIBLE BUT WHAT WE ARE SEEING ON THIS MAP IS ESSENTIALLY PLATE MOTION CALIFORNIA IS AN ACTIVE PLACE IT LOADS UP ON THIS NETWORK OF FAULT MOST OF THAT IS RELEASED ON THE SAN ANDREAS AND NEIGHBORS CLOSE TO IT, WHICH HAPPEN TO BE CLOSE TO OUR MAJOR CITIES ALONG THE COAST, INCLUDING LOS ANGELES A PROPORTION OF IT TAKES PLACE EAST OF THAT AREA IN A REGION CALLED THE EASTERN CALIFORNIA SHEAR ZONE AND WALKER LANE IS THIS BELT OUT HERE THAT INCLUDES WHERE THE RIDGECREST EARTHQUAKE OCCURRED THESE LAST FEW DAYS, RIGHT THROUGH HERE KELLIE: AND YOU CAN SEE THESE FAULT LINES THROUGH HERE A LOT OF OUR VIEWING AREA WHERE WE ARE IN SACRAMENTO, OBVIOUSLY WE ARE NOT THINKING WE ARE SAFE OR WE AR IMMUNE TO EARTHQUAKES, BUT I IMAGINE IT IS THE SIZE, THD DEPTH, THE WIDTH AN EARTHQUAKE THAT HIT OUT HERE AND IT HAS RIPPLE EFFECTS TO HEAR WHAT DO YOU TELL PEOPLE IN OUR REGION WHO ARE NOT NECESSARILY WAITING FOR THAT BIG ONE? MICHAEL: EARTHQUAKES CAN HAPPEN ANYWHERE IN CALIFORNIA EVERYONE WHO LIVES IN THE STATE SHOULD BE PREPARED LIVING IN THE CENTRAL VALLEY IS THE MOST EIGHT — STABLE PART, BUT IT IS NOT ZERO CERTAINLY IF AN EARTHQUAKE HAPPENED IN THE EAST TODAY, THE SAN FRANCISCO BAY REGION, WE WOULD FEEL IT, POSSIBLY STRONGLY KELLIE: WHAT ABOUT THE DEPTH? MICHAEL: MOST EARTHQUAKES IN CALIFORNIA ARE FAIRLY SHALLOW THAT IS BAD NEWS WE DO NOT REALLY GET THE DEEP ONES IN CALIFORNIA KELLIE: SO BE PREPARED, KNOW THAT IT COULD HAPPEN, AND I GUESS AS THEY ALWAYS SAY, JUST GET READY THANK YOU SO MUCH FOR COMING IN EDIE: TO THAT POINT, WITH EARTHQUAKES ALWAYS A POSSIBILITY ALWAYS A POSSIBILITY HERE, WE HAVE A LOOK AT WHAT YOU CAN DO NOW TO MAKE SURE YOU AND YOUR FAMILY ARE READY FOR THE NEXT ONE EDIE: A LOOK AT SOME OF THE DAMAGE CAUSED BY THE RIDGECREST EARTHQUAKES WHICH WE NOW KNOW WERE CAUSED BY SHIFTING PLATES, NOT VOLCANIC ACTIVITY

KELLIE: MARK FINAN SHOWS US SOME ACTIVE VOLCANIC AREAS OF CALIFORNIA WHAT ARE YOU SEEING? MARK: CALIFORNIA IS PART OF WHAT IS KNOWN AS THE RING OF FIRE GOES ALL AWAY AROUND THE PACIFIC FROM JAPAN ALL THE WAY DOWN INTO CALIFORNIA IT IS A VERY SEISMIC AREA AS WELL AS A VERY VOLCANIC AREA IN NORTHERN CALIFORNIA AT THE MOST FAMOUS ONE IS SHASTA, BUT NEARBY IS ALSO MEDICINE LAKE AND LASSEN, WHICH LAST WENT OFF OVER 100 YEARS AGO FURTHER SOUTH YOU HAVE A LOT OF VOLCANIC ACTIVITY AROUND CLEARLAKE AND FURTHER SOUTH NEAR THE MAMMOTH AREA WE HAVE THE LONG VALLEY YES, CALIFORNIA HAS QUITE A BIT OF VOLCANIC ACTIVITY BUT KEEP IN MIND HAVING LASSEN GO OFF ABOUT 100 YEARS AGO, IN GEOLOGIC TIME THAT IS PRETTY SHORT KELLIE: THANK YOU THIS LATEST EARTHQUAKE OF COURSE A GOOD REMINDER FOR ALL OF US, WE SHOULD ALWAYS BE READY FOR THE GROUND TO SHAKE EDIE: THE STATE OFFICE OF EMERGENCY SERVICES HAS THESE RECOMMENDATIONS IT STARTS WITH IDENTIFYING YOUR RISK OF AN EARTHQUAKE WE KNOW EVERYONE IN CALIFORNIA COULD BE IMPACTED BY A MAJOR QUAKE NO MATTER WHERE IT HAPPENS, SO CREATE A FAMILY DISASTER PLAN AND PRACTICE IT KELLIE: MAKE SURE YOUR KIDS ARE INVOLVED SO THEY KNOW WHAT TO EXPECT BUILD A DISASTER KIT AT HOME SO YOU ARE SELF-SUFFICIENT UNTIL HELP ARRIVES ALSO LEARN CPR AND FIRST AID, SOMETHING WE ALWAYS TALK ABOUT AND ELIMINATE HAZARDS YOU MIGHT SEE RIGHT NOW AROUND YOUR HOME LIKE SECURING BOOKSHELVES TO WALLS EDIE: YOU MAY STILL BE WONDERING ABOUT THE RISK OF AN EARTHQUAKE WHERE YOU LIVE YOU CAN GO TO KCRA MOBILE FOR A LIST OF 17 NOTABLE EARTHQUAKES IN CALIFORNIA, WHERE THEY HIT AND THE DAMAGE THEY CAUSED THANK YOU FOR JOINING US FOR THIS SPECIAL R

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