Hello dear subscribers and visitors of our channel, we come to the Gala settlement There is an ethnographic and archaeological open-air museum It was opened in 2008 and is located 40 km from the center of Baku Today Miss.Sabina will help us in our excursion Hello Miss.Sabina! Hello, welcome to our reserve! This is our historic part of the village which was named Gala Reserve in 1988 Currently we are operating 4 museums, one of them is the open-air museum, where we kept the rock carvings, dating from promuzy, it 2-3 millennium BC, as well as there are sites that show ethnographic life settlement Gala relating to the middle ages We also have here a museum of antiques This is a private collection that was assembled by one person And the third is our monument, this castle village Gala. It refers to the 10-14 centuries The 4th Museum`s is of Art of waste, it is an art museum which is the things that were made from industrial waste Now we will go with you forward, and you will see petroglyphs related to 3-2 millennium BC Ok, let’s go This is the sun stone, in the center you can see a circle that shows the sun These lines it is the sun’s rays. It was found in the middle of a large rock Also on this rock, we found marks and label this shows that the ancient people used the stone as a calendar How do they use? They saw that the sun rises and sets, so they started to put these labels and they knew that day is passed On this stone 49 such lines recesses This stone was also found in TYURKAN and has an age of 5 thousand years Here we are already seeing such a thick and high walls, also you can see that the building has no windows This was according to Islamic canons and the reason is, strangers and passers people should not see or hear what is going on inside the house Let`s walk inside We already are in a house, this is a two-room house,also was a three-room houses This depended on the family status and the number of people in the family The first room was used as a bedroom and a living room At the center of all the houses in the gala were the recess, they were called COURSE Inside this square was a piece of iron which they put red-hot coal Then they put a wooden table which was covered with a blanket And when the people sit around the table, they dipped their feet under the table and hid it with a blanket from the coal that is inside And in the top of the wall is a regiment called LYAMYA On top of this LYAMYA they kept the most expensive and beautiful dishes and dinnerware Come into the economic part Here we are already seeing a room which is almost divided into two parts It is a part which we call now the kitchen In the center there’s a TYANDIR where they cooked food and baked bread Above TYANDIR always been two holes for ventilation, it`s called a Dudley
Also from the Persian word “DU” – means “two” So basically, these houses were called Dudley In the Azerbaijan we have 9 carpet weaving schools One of them is for the Absheron For Absheron is inherent in these two colors. Metallic blue and burgundy colors Carpet woven from these two colors A thread in the Middle Ages was made from the wool First wool was washed, then it was combed on sucha combs like this And on such a tool spindle, which we call DZHYAHRYA, they made thread İn the front we can see very old building, called DOLUMEN There is a three types of buildings like this one of them is”MINKILA” was built with one-brick, second called “KROMLIKI” is same as in England stonehenge You can see “DOULMEN” which was found in “AGDASH DUZU” In other countries ” DOULMEN” was used as shrine, in our country this building was built for living in it Nothing was found inside that proves it was a shrine Ancient people who used to live in the mountains they could not adapt with all, so they built a similar buildings This cave from big rocks.This stone were defending from the animals and the cold Also in side they had a place for fire. Also to protect themselves from the cold Here we have a tent called “ALACHİK” Due to the fact that all people was engaged in cattle breeding and summer they built here is a temporary housing It is digged and covered with straw and with wet clay The reason for it was to keep the place cool. And the lived in it all summer And the little step to walk in We already are in a rich man’s house, we called it provisionally house Merchant The first floor of this house was built in 1805, and the second floor was attached to it end of the 19th century Here in the courtyard you can see a stone basin in which were stored fresh water Or is there accumulated rainwater Come with us into the economic part Here you can already see the economic part is already more extensive, there is a large room Also there is a “TYANDIR” on top of “TYANDIR” a device, called a “SAJ” When is inverted,it is used as a pan. Inside you can fry meat or vegetables And when it’s put in this way, it is always cooked tortillas, pita bread , “GUTAB” or JOHA” Over “TYANDIR” also has two such openings for ventilation, called DOUBLA Here we’ll see the wooden table, which we discussed in another house, under it you can see there is a “KYURSYU, put a wooden table, which is then covered with a blanket like this Like in that room and it is called “KYURSYUY YORGANI” This room is fully supplied so as it was in the Middle Ages You see the whole room is covered with carpeting, here there is a lot of pillows, as well as window sills used for both the seat and also covered oriental carpets
In front of us is “BAZAR” this market We are with you walked around the block and this is his “BALAVERDI A BAZAAR” Where local people selling everything and put meat and dairy products And there on the other side you can see BALAVERDI mosque Here at the gala, there are four quarters, each of these districts has its own mosque, bath and bazaar Distinctive places here that you can see the difference between these weights they are called the “GAPAN” As measured in these things – in one direction when placed 1 kg, then 10 kg in another side they could trim them. As that is to say that part never move if this part is not only to put They had a blacksmiths. Blacksmith house have been reconstructed here Such forging is mainly built in the outskirts of the caravan routes.To when the caravan passed, they would stop and repair horseshoe their animals and local people brought things to repair In this part, in the center of just such an anvil, where they made horseshoes The size of the horseshoe done in this part And here we put a horseshoe, to make a hole for the nail Tongs was used to take hot iron from inside the furnace Next to the furnace you see such fur, wich helps to fan the fire We are finished Archaeological and Ethnographic Complex Now we will go to the museum of antiques, where a private collection Come on! We are with you are in a museum of antiques, is a private collection, which was created and assembled Shahin Galivullaevym His collection contains more than 3000 exhibits. 800 exhibits are stored in this our museum 156 of which is a “SOMOVAR” He was collecting all this for one reason To save history of our country and all that was inherent in our people remained and we were able to show to foreigners On the ground floor we’ll see works by masters of Azerbaijan All that belongs to Azerbaijan Аnd on the second floor we’ll see things that have been brought here from other countries and was a part of our culture since ancient times As I have told you here kept 156 “SAMOVAR`s”, it is also an emblem of our museum, it’s a samovar This is due to the fact that, among historians there is a version that the samovar is a native Azerbaijani subject Because in Sheki samovar was found that refers to 3 th millennium BC It is an ancient order of the samovar which was found in Egypt, which belongs to the first millennium This samovar from clay and are currently stored in Sheki Here we have shown a “SAMOVAR`s” from all countries, from so many foreign countries, here is mainly Russian “SAMOVAR`s” from Tula In the center of our museum you can see a phaeton -This is one of phaetons of Nobel, which he used when he lived in Baku Before you three of Azerbaijani “SAMOVAR`s” they belong to the 19th century and they are made of copper, a distinctive part of them that they are heated from below, ie from the bottom coals were “SAMOVAR`s” – So now we are in front of the fortress Gala The fortress is one of the 30 gala Absheron fortresses it is round, as is the observation tower and its height of 14 meters – Yes This castle belongs to the 10-14 centuries There was found a foundation that in the 60 years begins to restore Done entirely with the help of Heydar Aliyev Foundation in 2010 -So much time spent on the restoration Well? Let’s go, let’s see I think they have a standard, as we saw Mardakan and Ramaninskuyu fortress But we are observant fortress has not yet filmed Come on, we take off, show! We are with you now are already inside the fortress
Before the tower, the tower have been completed in 2010 but its foundation is 4 rows of stones that are at the bottom, and refers to the 10-14 centuries We are now with you in this annexe , which is called “ISTELKYAM”, it belongs to the 16-17 centuries In the 16th century it was built already, the foundation is a rocky terrain, so this building has been completely preserved and not destroyed Here we are seeing here are the wells, which were used as refrigerators In them, the soldiers kept their provisions But in the 17th century this place has converted into a mosque, we know because the holes in the wall was made after, which called Mehrab This aspect called Gyublya or by another name – Gyublyagyah And it is still used as a mosque and called “JUMA MECHIDI”, that is, the Friday Mosque Here already is a niche, which we conventionally called the elevator Soldiers using ropes was lifting upward things, that is, weapons or food for the soldiers who are on top We already are in the inner part of our tower The tower was rebuilt in 2010. But the foundation as I have said belong to the 10-14 centuries In the Middle Ages, on two floors of the tower, the first tower had no ladders, they climbed to the top of the fortress by ropes so that the enemies were not able to climb to the top And now we are on top of fortress All the fortresses, which are in Absheron, a lot of them, about 30 all them had battlement like that And they say that when the fortress was captured by enemies, they first demolished these battlement to show other people that captured the fortress Because say if capture the fortress, you can capture the whole city Therefore, these battlement were demolished So, somewhere nearby was the sea? -Yes And here it is not too far from Mardakan tower? -No I just wonder how they give the signal? Perhaps they went through the tunnel Here all the fortresses in Absheron have a tunnels that connect them to each other Even maiden tower had a tunnels Yes, RAMANI Fortress tower had a tunnel as well Yes, there was also a tunnel, two tunnels, one led to the Caspian Sea, and the other to the Maiden’s Tower But after the earthquake, there was a collapse, and going there is very dangerous They are completely closed But we have a tunnels here? Yes, here is a tunnels that goes around the fortress It is possible to go inside the fortress to the tunnel and go beyond the ramparts Before you, there is a entrances to the tunnel You see? You enter from inside, and leave, behind the fortress walls. You Enter from here and leave behind walls In these tunnels was a wells and secret rooms were found In Mardakan fortress I really wanted to go down there, but it did not work,tunnel is very narrow Now here we’ll go and see. Probably it is possible? – Can! – Come on You can see how people was leaving fortress throught tunnel and how they get to madden tower
Before it was not, and it was closed Here it is very narrow and very difficult to be. And here you can see the well Here we also have a TYANDIR Of which I spoke This is when the offensive was Nadir Shah on this territory, his troops stopped here And to feed such a large army they built here a TYANDIR. Here, they cooked and baked bread So, we talked about the story, go back in a little modern times, in a modern museum, it is called “From waste to art” This art museum made from industrial wastes like a clothing of the bottles, paper, string them make very beautiful things – So it turns out that they collected the trash and do what that exhibit – Yes! Cool! Come, see and at the same time collect information about him Come on! And here we have in Absheron an organization called “Tamiz Sheher” or as a “clean city” And Tamiz Sheher held such exhibitions here They were temporary, held every year since 2012, but at the request of visitors to these exhibitions began permanent in 2015 Now You can see eksponatnye exhibition Key aides of this exhibition, is Heydar Aliyev Foundation, An organization Tamiz Sheher, as well as the idea of Leyla Aliyeva This shows artifacts that have been made entirely from industrial wastes This was made to change the opinion of the person to waste Tamiz schyahar has secondary treatment plants, so they decided to show the people that the garbage is not the end! There is another life For it That is all. We told you about the 4 museums that are located in the village of Gala
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