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Hey guys, in today’s video I’m going to show you all the different grips for every shot in tennis. And before I show you the grips it’s very important that you hold the tennis racket correctly. So what you must do is hold the racket with a gap between your pointer finger and your middle finger. There needs to be a gap here and also the end of the racket needs to be on the inside of your hand The advanced tennis players develop a callus in here but if you’re a newcomer to tennis this might be a little bit uncomfortable at first but you will get used to it and your hand will get used to it. The pinky finger it’s gonna be very close to the edge. Now the reason why this is very important is that the wrist is a lot more mobile in this position of the hand. If I held the racket too tight my fingers close together the wrist would feel locked in and I wouldn’t be able to adjust my racket accordingly. The only exception to this way of holding the racket would be a one-handed backhand where the fingers are gonna be a little bit closer together. Now the reason for this is that if you think about all the strokes the hand is always behind the racket. So if we take a serve the hand is behind the racket giving more stability to the racket. On the forehand it’s the same thing. On the forehand volley it’s the same thing. On the two-handed backhand we have the other hand giving stability but if we hold the racket on the one-handed backhand there’s really nothing behind the racket. Now if I held the racket in this same position this wouldn’t provide enough stability and there’s a chance that the racket might go backwards if I make contact with the ball. But the fascinating thing about the grips is that high-level players do not always know what these grips are called the names that I’m about to give you These players are completely operating on feel and the memory of the hand in relation to the grip. These players have been using certain grips for certain shots for so long that this muscle memory is so deeply ingrained into their game that making a shot with the wrong grip would be absolutely impossible and they wouldn’t be able to control the ball So they immediately know when they have their hand in the wrong position. Does this mean that you shouldn’t care about the grip either? It doesn’t mean that because at the beginner level players are most comfortable hitting the ball like this. Whether it’s a serve or a forehand or a backhand they’re kind of holding the racket like a frying pan and this happens to be the Eastern forehand grip and the longer you play all your shots with this particular grip it becomes very difficult to change it and especially in the case of the backhand and the serve you must use the correct grip if you want to have any chance to improve your game So for beginner players and for players who have used the forehand grip on the serve and many other strokes it is of the utmost importance that you learn the Continental grip and I’m going to show you a real easy way how to find this grip on your racket. See every tennis racket is gonna have eight bevels. If we count from this bevel if we have the racket straight up and with the edge of the frame pointing straight up, this will be bevel number one two three four five six seven eight All right so the easiest way to find the Continental grip is by going towards the second bevel and now the way you’re gonna do it is you want to draw something on your base knuckle. So basically if you take your base knuckle and you go right underneath there you make a dot or an X whatever you want and now you simply go to the second bevel and you slide your hand down and make sure that index finger is slightly up and this is the easiest way to find the Continental grip. A couple of tells is the wrist position. So if we take a look at the angle of the racket face you can see it’s straight up and down. You shouldn’t be able to see the strings and my wrist is also in a straight position. This is an indicator that you are indeed in a Continental grip. And this grip is so important because it’s gonna help you serve tremendously and I recommend that even if you have used a forehand grip on your serve for a while you must switch to a continental grip and think about it this way the only shot you would need to switch your grip for would be your forehand so you can hit all your other shots with the Continental grip. This goes for your volleys, this goes for drop shot, your slices, your defensive lobs, your overheads, your serves and your two-handed backhand. The only time you would ever need to switch a grip is if you hit a forehand. And players back in the day in the wooden racket era used to hit all shots including the forehand with a continental grip You definitely do not want to use the continental grip and the reason why is it puts the hand too high on the racket See if I just simulate the contact here you can see that my hand is on top of the racket. Now if I wanted to make a vertical swing path I would almost have to use my forearm or my wrist to make

this vertical swing path happen and therefore I do not recommend that you hit your forehand with a continental grip. And this is how you find the Eastern forehand grip. Basically go to the third bevel and then just take your base knuckle and slide down what you’ll notice is that the third bevel is much wider and then the second and the fourth bevel and this is interesting because there’s going to be some variations where players that do have an Eastern forehand grip hold the racket so you could be a little bit closer towards the Continental side and you can be straight in the middle or you could be a little bit closer towards the semi-western grip. So this is the grip that has some variations within it. And this is a grip that’s perfectly fine to use it is easier to make the vertical swing path happen compared to the Continental grip because the hand is more behind the racket and now it is more effortless to go upwards And the semi-western forehand grip is the most commonly used grip worldwide and it’s the fourth bevel and we do the same procedure we slide down towards it Now the interesting thing about this grip is that if we put the racket straight down this would be the case if we pick up the racket off the ground and this is a very easy way to find the semi-western grip. So if I place the racket on the ground like this and I simply pick it up I will end up in a semi-western grip with a straight wrist position And the big advantage of this grip is that my hand is more underneath the racket making that vertical swing path a lot more intuitive compared to the other grips. And the Western grip is going to be on the fifth bevel and what’s interesting about this grip is that it severely closes the racket head. If we compare this grip to an Eastern you see how my racket face is very open if you imagine that I would hit a ball from the strings and I maintain my wrist position the same go over towards a semi-western and it closes the wrist position and now if I go one over the racket face is completely closed. So what that means is I have to turn my wrist almost flat in order to achieve a neutral racquet face So contrary to beliefs is actually a grip that’s very easy on the wrist and interestingly a lot of juniors choose this grip. And the reason why is that the wrist is in a more neutral position you see my wrist is completely neutral compared to a semi-western when my wrist is extended bend backwards or even more so in an Eastern grip when my wrist is even more extended. So on a full Western grip the wrist is straight. Now for most players that learned to play with more conventional grips there’s going to be an impossibility to switch to this grip because their muscle memory is not used to this position of the wrist because the moment of contact takes place so fast muscle memory kicks in and all the balls end up going in the bottom of the net, but for players who have always used this grip this is a grip that’s just fine and there’s many players on tour including Novak Djokovic who use this grip. Now I’m going to show you how to find the best grip for your two-handed backhand. So you’re gonna be in a continental grip with your dominant hand and now with your non-dominant hand you’re gonna go towards the edge between bevel six and seven. So this would be if you counter from the lefty way this would be Eastern and this would be Semi Western. You want to be in between there on the edge. This is where you want to place your non-dominant base knuckle and now you’re going to end up in a two-handed backhand grip that’s used by the best two-handed backhands of all time including Novak Djokovic Now the two-handed backhand interestingly doesn’t have as much spin as the forehand and the grip is one of those reasons and what happens with the vast majority of the best two-handed backhands of all time is that with this particular grip you can see that my non-dominant hand is more behind the racket and this is more of an indicator that is going to be a flat stroke with

the tip of the racket coming through this way. And if you wanted to get more spin on your two-handed backhand you could try out the following grip. Place your dominant hand on bevel number one which happens to be the eastern backhand grip. Now your non-dominant hand is gonna go on the edge between the western lefty which is number five and the semi Western lefty which is number six. That edge in between this is where your non-dominant hand goes and now if you look at the way my hands are positioned you can see that my non-dominant hand is way underneath the racket and now when it comes to that vertical swing path that’s so important when it comes to topspin this is gonna happen more intuitively with this grip If you have a one-handed backhand you have three options you could hit a one-handed backhand with a continental grip. Now the interesting thing about this grip is if I keep my wrist straight you can see that the racket face is slightly open. If you look from this angle with a straight wrist a slightly open racket face could be a big problem if you’re trying to hit the ball very hard. So what I recommend the best grip for a one-handed backhand is the eastern backhand grip which is bevel number one and basically slide your base knuckle down and now remember on the one hander you want those fingers to be a little bit closer together and now if we take a look at my hand you can see with a straight wrist position like this I have more of a neutral racquet face at contact. Another backhand grip that very few players use on tour is the Western backhand grip basically it’s bevel number eight and you slide your hand down and now the interesting thing about this grip is that you can see here that if I keep my hand straight the strings are closed this will result in more spin but vast majority of players that tries this grip will not be able to get enough net clearance and they will in fact start hitting a lot of balls into the net. So the best grip for your one-handed backhand is the eastern backhand grip because with this one you can hit the ball flat you can hit with topspin and the wrist is in a more neutral position When it comes to serve I only recommend the Continental grip this is probably the biggest mistake at the recreational level where players will serve with a forehand grip and the biggest reason why serving with a forehand grip on the serve is a problem is that the wrist is going to be an unstable position at the most important part of the serve which is the contact with the ball. So if I take the Eastern forehand grip and simulate the contact you can see that my wrist is neutral. You see my wrist is kind of straight up and down. So if I hit the ball very hard with this particular position and now there’s a danger in my wrist might move forward which could cause injuries but most likely what happens at the recreational level that the players are very careful and end up massaging and pushing on the ball. And if I put my hand in a continental grip and you take a look at how my wrist is positioned in the contact you see that the wrist is going slightly towards the right which is a lot more stable position to be in. So what happens afterwards even if I continue to pronate towards the outside or if I have non continuing pronation the wrist is more protected. See the wrist needs to have stability. There needs to be some tension in the wrist because you’re hitting the ball with a lot of speed. In a neutral position the wrist is most likely going to be too loose. So by going with the wrist like this you can try this out at home, this is indeed what happens at contact, there’s a lot more support and stability for the racquet at the moment of contact Now there are some players who will use an Eastern backhand grip for the serve and this is going to be a grip that will give you more cut on the ball and the reason why it’s gonna become very difficult to straighten the racquet out So naturally and if I keep my wrist more neutral compared to what the wrist position would be in a continental grip you can see that the wrist the racket is slightly angled off and you see it’s not quite parallel to the baseline and now what’s gonna happen if I hit a ball like this with this angle of the racket face naturally the ball it will get slice and

it’s gonna have a tendency to go towards the left for right-handed players. So I get a lot of questions about this particular grip whether it produces more spin. And it does produce spin but it’s kind of happening as an accident and you want to be able to make the spin in the real way and so in my opinion this grip is somewhat unnecessary You can create more power with the Continental grip because you’re going to be in the optimal position when it comes to your wrist. And therefore you’ll be able to apply the maximum racket head speed and when it comes to slice or kick you want to be doing this intentionally anyway you don’t want this to be happening by accident. So my recommendation to all level of players even if you’re a beginner you have to get used to the Continental grip. This is the best grip there is when it comes to the serve And when it comes to drop shots, slices or volleys all these shots are in the same family and all these shots will be the easiest if you hit them with a continental grip. And again the reason why this is the case is the wrist position. So many recreational players will hit forehand volleys with a forehand grip and what happens is you’re gonna be okay when the ball is above the level of the net the strings are going to be naturally more closed and you’re gonna be able to get away with this but as soon as the ball drops below the level of the net now in order to open the racket face you have to turn your wrist and put it in a very weak unfavorable position and most of the time it is not gonna work out. And with the continental grip on the forehand volley you are in the perfect position to create that L shape that you need on the volley. Now on a high ball it’s very easy to straighten the racket face out if you need to and if you get a low ball it’s very natural to open the racket face up without putting the wrist in a weak state because where you get stability on the volley is by putting the wrist in this L shape. Now there have been some players that were slightly over towards the forehand side on the forehand volley. Players such as Boris Becker and Patrick Rafter and interestingly they also did this on their serves. And the difference between a continental grip and an Australian grip which is that corner between the continental and the eastern side is so minimal that I don’t think it matters so if you are a slightly over on that corner you’re probably going to be okay but as soon as you start getting over towards that eastern side now you’re gonna be in big trouble And when it comes to the backhand volley again the Continental grip is gonna give us the most stable wrist position because it’s the most important thing on the volley. So if you take a look here in a continental grip you can see my wrist again it’s slightly extended this feels very solid. Now if I go into a eastern backhand grip see my racquet face closes now. And if I wanted to open the racket face I would have to flip my wrist this way and this actually hurts so this is a possible injury problem if you are volleying with an Eastern backhand grip. If I use an Eastern forehand grip on the backhand volley this is gonna be a disaster because now my racket face is completely open and if I wanted to close it I gotta bend my wrist in a weak position like this Now for you guys who have been playing tennis for a long time there’s a lot of muscle memory and now you’re looking to change your grip. This might be a very difficult thing to do and for more details why this is the case check out one of my older videos titled changing grips. If you’re just getting started with tennis or you’re an intermediate player here are my recommendations. For the one-handed backhand you should try the eastern backhand grip. For your forehand anywhere in the range between Eastern, semi Western and even Western it’s gonna be okay. This is gonna depend on you. Sometimes your hand will shift

either more towards the western side or it’s going to shift towards the eastern side. The best way to do it is to start off with a semi-western and then just see what happens your hand will find out what works best for you but for all the other shots whether it’s your volley, your slice, your drop shot, your two-handed backhand or the serve you want to use the best grip there is which is the Continental grip

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