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i was reading the financial times and it was a little tiny two paragraph stories said mankind may be causing the mass extinction event it was like buried on like page six or seven and i thought this is how humanity is dealing with the issue they’re not dealing with it check your cell phone you get anywhere near this place he scrambles a signal louie man how are you just curious how many cameras do you have on you right now you mean like on my table or no no on your body on my body less than seven but probably more than two okay so we’re doing an order here one hat cam two buttonhole cameras sports bra one bottle cam 511 tax shirt with the vibration oh yeah so you’re rolling right now so you can get the entrance and make sure that of course the straps are gone okay your reservations in ten minutes how do you guys know so much about uh she brought me heroes has very exotic tapes oh bingo the owners and chef of one of america’s trendiest restaurants are facing federal charges tonight all because of what they put on customers plate an endangered species and behind the undercover sting some movie makers who went right back to work we’re making our own road here pretty big the side of the skull here yeah i did four stories about extinction for national geographic magazine you go to these beautiful landscapes there’s dinosaurs from horizon horizon and you think that was so far back then yeah what if it’s going on right now and everybody’s missing it each year about one in a million species should expire naturally in the next few decades we’ll be driving species to extinction a thousand times faster than they should be it’s difficult to estimate precisely how many species we’re going to lose in a hundred years or so we could lose up to 50 of all the species on earth i remember thinking this is the biggest story in the world it’s like we’re living in the age of dinosaurs but

we can do something about it yes roger the blue whale is the biggest creature that ever lived on the planet bigger than any dinosaur ever just like dinosaurs they’re going extinct back in the days of whaling they were hunted to near extinction down to about two percent of their population now they’re getting decimated by shipping traffic go for it he’s coming up to the right right my hope is that if you can show people the beauty of these animals there’s a chance to say these things one of the cool things about a blue whale is that it has the loudest song in the animal kingdom but you can’t hear it this is below our threshold for hearing we look out at the world through these eyes and these ears and you think oh that’s it that’s everything that there is to see but there’s this hidden world on almost every level what i want to do is get people to see it we get off the boat and this fisherman comes up to our interpreter and says can they give me 500 i found this buoy it’s a 500 reward it’s it needs to be returned up to america and i said just a minute let me take a look at this buoy and i look at it and it says return to chris clark cornell by acoustic laboratory i said i know this guy chris had been pioneering new ways of recording whales for 30 years he basically proved that these animals could hear themselves across oceans and so to me finding that buoy was like finding a message in a bottle we built these recording systems we dropped them in the ocean and they record continuously whales and dolphins and anything that’s out there we try and record look at that so the first time i knew there was a blue whale singing nearby i could see it on the display but i couldn’t hear it so what do you have to do you have to speed it up and still the hair goes up on the back of my neck and it just like is like damn that’s fabulous as we listen more and more around different parts of the planet whether it’s frozen arctic ocean or the deepest jungles of central africa the whole world is singing clicking and grinding and whistling and thumping but we’ve stopped listening the cornell bioacoustical laboratory has the largest repository of animal sounds on the planet they’ve been collecting them since the 1930s can think of it as a museum just like it could be bird skins or you know beetles tacked up on a wall

so there’s this range of sounds from the largest animal ever to live on this planet to the tiniest little insects this is a song recording of a male oh singing on hawaii these birds made for life so he would be singing a duet with his mate where he sings and she sings back and forth here comes the male song there’s no response here’s the male song again that’s the last male of a species singing for a female who will never come he is totally alone and now his voice is gone in the brief lifetime of this collection 70 years or so many of the species that were recorded are now extinct so the repository is a living example of the massive rate of extinction that’s happening there’s been five major extinctions in the history of the planet there’s the ordovician the devonian the permian there’s the triassic jurassic and then the kt extinction the one that killed the dinosaurs it’s very difficult to comprehend deep time you know 4.6 billion years of earth’s history so if you take say the history of the earth and try to squeeze it into a 24-hour clock where does man fit on that clock a few seconds before midnight that’s it we’re the new kid on the block what we’re seeing now is called the anthropocene the new epoch anthropocene means the time of humans it’s when the impact of humans is leaving itself as a mark in the fossil record of the future 65 million years ago that it was an asteroid that struck and caused the dinosaurs to go extinct when it comes to the sixth extinction event we have no problem identifying the cause humanity has become the asteroid we’re on that tipping point now where it’s either too late or just the beginning of a movement so there’s two pieces of whale and one piece at the hump restaurant we knew that they were selling whale meat but there’s also something bigger going on we heard that the obama administration was in closed doors negotiations with the japanese to go do commercial whaling again and i thought well if we could prove that endangered whales are being served right here on the shores of america we would stop that conversation the animal rights community took it up but the restaurant didn’t close down there’s this one guy i’d never heard of before his name is ottie gill he took some gear and put out in front of the hump restaurant as people are going in what are you doing i’m protesting yesterday there were like 200 people here protesting and i thought you know somebody need to keep the pressure on if you look at the academy awards and the golden globes those are his screens and that’s all his projections and he so he parks this ferrari right next to the van and the owner comes out and tells adi says uh how long are you gonna be doing this and he thought that i was just some hippie you know gonna be here for a day or two i said listen man i can be here for a month or two or a year or whatever how long can you survive while i’m here ten days later the restaurant closes down to me it was a beautiful moment everybody had gone home and there’s one guy this big bright light and keeps the light shining on the subject [Applause] there are thousands of people all over the world

willing and able and changing their careers to save species and they go to some of the darkest grimmest most unsafe places on the planet over 800 environmental activists have been killed in just the last decade so these guys are doing the tough work and we never hear about them and that household names sean heinrichs i live in boulder colorado you can’t get any more land locked in colorado and i found out that there’s this incredible ocean activist living right down the street who quit his job as a cfo for a tech company so he could help save endangered species sean’s doing some of the best most groundbreaking work that i’ve seen anywhere in the world islamic harris was the largest shark fishing island on the east coast of mexico at least 20 if not more longliners were targeting sharks each and every single day sean helped turn this hunting ground into one of the top places in the world we can actually go and watch sharks now you have this community of ex-shark fishermen who are making much more money taking tourists out to swim with whale sharks than killing sharks on long lines it’s just simple economics sean often works with his buddy paul hilton an investigative photojournalist they can’t help but to get themselves into dangerous situations paul’s photojournalist like me focused on endangered species he’s brilliant at what he does paul and sean try to bust ring-selling endangered species we’re gonna blow the lid off this place right sean’s pretty full-on i love his enthusiasm he talks far too much when my assignment so there’s always that issue of me having to go to him saying mate wind it up i think it’s the american in him i’m rolling i can distract and a lot of the situation we go into it’s always nice to go on his teams because you’re going into situations where you get caught up in the moment with the camera and you’re actually photographer and there’s no one watching your back paul and sean have this technique of they have a camera sitting around their neck and most people think you have to put up gi to look through it and to shoot and it’s actually a video camera is rolling the whole time so many and this is the um jaws movie jaws push it too much okay cool very cool i don’t know about you that’s the most friends i’ve ever ever seen how did you find out about facebook basically and then colleagues mates we just walked straight in basically wow how are we there 10 10 15 minutes you didn’t listen 10 15 minutes are we almost there paul yes that’s the next book i didn’t think that the legal wildlife trade would be so overt you can go down streets and every other shop will be full of endangered creatures look at this one right here it’s not just shark fins it’s just about everything endangered in the world is for sale there with the explosion of demand in china for sharp and soup it was estimated that 250 000 sharks are caught for the fin trade every single day probably no other species illustrates what’s going on in the oceans right now better than sharks sharks predate dinosaurs they survive four mass extinction events and in just this one generation that i’ve been alive we’ve cut down their ranks about 90 percent i was following a group of shark finners in indonesia and they were moving around camp to camp and then one morning i saw something reflecting off on the coral reef in the shallow water and what i discovered was just horrific this is this beautiful 20 nurse shark but it had all its fins cut off and it was trying to swim and he couldn’t swim and it was heartbreaking because it’s like this is what the reality is this is the thing that nobody gets the biggest shakti processing car which is behind us about 200 meter i was on the phone with this guy but are we gonna get that luckily i was getting in there i have a key contact here okay sean has an interpreter i don’t want to say her name but she’s

been doing undercover work in china for several decades the first place that she took us was a place that they couldn’t ever get into before basically the walmart of the endangered species trade in hong kong over the years i’ve actually worked really hard to get into this facility so has paul and so has his friends and we’ve managed to maybe step in the door for 30 seconds hey what’s wrong his staff would come out and pushes away threatened to call the police hands machete kicked out the door don’t ever come back that’s what we do we have a car waiting with all the stuff in it i brought along a couple of colleagues from the humpbust heather raleigh who does undercover work for us and charles hamilton who’s sort of my director of covert operations we invented a cover we pretended like we were on a culinary tour and we were looking for exotic products we stick to plan we’re going at his colonia chore she introduces mr sawyer and we’re all here learning and taking pictures of culinary you can get into about as much trouble as you possibly get into with a buttonhole camera in china for some reason we run into people with badges and uniforms strip off all the shit just rip it out from under your shirt and throw it over a wall all right in go in go in go in uh what is the business you are doing marine product we’re starting a business where we want to sell seafood uh we have a seafood shop well back where we do it it’s mainly tuna and uh marlin and swordfish they want to see something more exciting because the trail the chinese traveler and the asian traveler has become big business now it’s more than 50 percent we should go [Applause] this is nice yeah i need to go bathroom bed it isn’t bad thank you thank you can be sell as money so we are not going to throw any meat you know but a lot of our greens people they are misunderstanding our industry they thought that they take the pain and then let the live shark go down into the sea and die struggling like this you know very bad but that is not the truth that video is made by the greenish themselves look at look at this is the worm are these expensive awesome they are very expensive yeah biggest one is 44 800 us dollar per kilo 4 thousand 800 per kilo it is a wholesale price no way they believe that’s why i say they believe can kill the cancer chinese i have a lot of beliefs we ended up going down the road to another warehouse on the hong kong waterfront louie look at this it must have been 10 20 000 fins in one location this was one of the biggest facility on the planet the scale was just out of control i’ve never seen anything like that before in my life i feel like this world is absolutely insane i remember once diving the northernmost islands of the galapagos darwin island and wolf island you know islands that darwin actually never had been to before but it’s the land before time i mean

it’s like land before humans got there i remember this giant whale shark came by and then a pot of dolphins came by you know this is back when you shot film and the whole frame was just filled with wildlife and this dolphin came swimming from behind the front of the whale shark and it grabbed this tuna and it brought it looked right at me and shook it and it swallowed a tail first down his throat and i thought you know this is when you want 37 pictures on the 36 roll of film just magical absolutely magical as underwater photographers photojournalists really we’re documenting a time and a place that in the future may not be there and the clock is moving the first photographs i shot the assignment for national geographic 1960 i took a total of seven or eight frames on two and a quarter square film on ectochrome film and buttered them together the first underwater color panorama ever done on the reefs and this when i came back in 1989 the beautiful barrier reef forest went to hell now i’m looking around and saying well what happened here it’s not so far off from what happened to 65 million years ago extinction is often being driven by direct human activity things like habitat destruction or overfishing and then there’s global climate change which is happening in a different way so we have these sort of dual things like the direct hand of man and the indirect hand of man of the change of climate climate is controlled by the oceans the oceans are the big guys they’re in control and the oceans now are slowly changing and that is the danger we face today a mass extinction is driven by a change in the environment and we are changing the environment precisely along the lines that can trigger off one of these great catastrophes there’s been five mass extinctions and they’ve had different causes but there’s been one common factor in all a massive increase in carbon dioxide and you’ve never had a carbon dioxide spike like it’s happening now we are burning through the fossil fuels laid down over hundreds of millions of years really reversing geological history basically and we’re doing it really really fast in the gulf oil spill about 4.9 million barrels of oil were spilled that represents about a quarter of what we use every single day in the u.s you look at an event like the gulf oil spill you think this is the biggest environmental catastrophe in america ever but that spill is nothing compared to the damage caused by us doing everyday things we don’t even think about and i’m more guilty than anyone the worst thing you can do the environment is make a film about it this looks really cool we did a cargo assessment of the first two years of production and i was horrified at how much energy it takes to do what i do sweet we’re gonna turn this one on we’re at the point where we’re making our lives a lot better for us but we’re doing it at the expense of everything going forward we have many many ways to fix this problem the question is are we going to do it fast enough what we know at the moment is we’re driving this out of control and the ocean’s chemistry is changing really rapidly scarily fast when we put carbon dioxide into the atmosphere it doesn’t all stay there between a third and a half gets absorbed by the oceans the co2 reacts with water to form something called carbonic acid and each year the ocean becomes more and

more acidic if you want to know what that does get a seashell and drop it in you know a glass of vinegar a whole variety of creatures will simply dissolve into the acid ocean that we have created there’s massive death in the oceans it’s already started oh it’s not a start it’s well on the way those are larvae yeah see the little the brown smudge each year we harvest seven to ten billion oyster larvae that we send out to growers throughout the pacific northwest i still remember the day all of the larvae essentially in our entire hatchery were on the bottom of the tanks so six billion larvae all died in a single day now deep ocean water off the coast of washington and oregon comes into the hatchery intakes they can’t grow their shell it’s dissolving faster than they can grow it seemed outlandish to think that the ocean could be acidified enough to cause us these kind of problems it just seemed like something for the distant future and nothing we ever had to pay attention to the rate of change that we’re seeing in the ocean and the change that it’s going to create in our food chain it’s going to be dramatic and it’s going to be in our lifetimes the things that we’re used to eating may not be available anymore and we may need to transition to you know eating jellyfish or something like that start a new trend it sounds a bit silly change your diet and save the planet but if humans could become vegetarians now you would make a massive difference by far and away the biggest factor in terms of this mass extinction is destroying natural habitat or converting natural habitat into land for food the more dependent we are on meat milk and eggs the greater the co2 and methane emissions cattle and ruminants of all kinds produce methane as a byproduct of breaking down grass and other things that they feed on so the contractions are pushing this gas out from the stomach going through here in the one-way valve we collect inside the bag so how long has that back been collecting gas only two hours methane is something like 22 times more potent as a climate changing gas than is co2 so it doesn’t take very much methane to make a difference a cow can basically fill up a 55-gallon garbage bag full of methane every day one cow is not a problem but now we have 1.5 billion of them and it’s an incredibly inefficient way of producing food three-quarters of agricultural land is used just to feed livestock when you factor in everything the clearing of the land for grazing feeding transporting livestock causes more greenhouse gases than all the direct emissions from the entire transportation sector i don’t think it’s a competition between these problems i don’t think one could be put above the other it’s like saying well is global warming worse than the ocean acidification or is is fishing all the big fish in the sea worse than then polluting it and i think it’d be foolish to try and single out any one of them to say this is how we’re going to fix the planet’s problems we need to fight them on all fronts [Applause] look at this one’s it’s it’s still alive a lot of doors closing lights going off that’s scary man yeah we’re definitely not welcome here in 2002 the government clamped down on the wildlife markets across southern china so things start to go down underground so operating in early hours of the morning and it’s horrific they’re shutting down they’re shutting down that’s crazy

they’re hiding it now oh my gosh this is a market that had the switch places twice that year oh what are they doing i mean they know they’re not supposed to be doing what they’re doing the more endangered it is the more illegal it is the more you have to go to the back rooms i want to show you something right here you’re looking at a dozen manta rays sitting right in this these uh bags right here when you consider that each of these animals has one pup every couple of years you’re looking at literally an entire generation wiped out just in these bags a few years ago i started noticing species of manta and mobile array lined up in the streets in areas that used to be predominantly shark ports and it was really confusing to me because i understood that you can’t use their wings for shark fin soup and the meat from these rays is is very pungent it’s not worth the time of bringing in these huge heavy animals i couldn’t believe i walked into just giant oceanic mantas all lined up in a row and just wanted to know what was going on and then i started watching them cutting out the gills the gills are missing where did they put them where did they take the gills and it came down to this it was an old cultural remedy in a very small coastal town in southern china and that was over 50 years ago and that had largely disappeared but i think it was just following the sars outbreak or somebody got in their mind that hey we’re running out of sharks what other products can we move into the pipeline the gills of manta rays ended up in all the traditional chinese medicine stores and the dry seafood stores i remember my first encounter with a manta in the water it’s something i’ll never forget i’m sitting in the water and then just out of the blue this manta ray does this huge flyby right past and then goes back into the blue and then i’m just left breathless waiting just recently we were in bali at the end of the last dive everyone’s out of the water and i look down and this one manta comes right underneath me and then just stops and it hovers and it’s about 15 feet down and just it’s not moving and i’m like well that’s interesting and i look and there’s fishing line tailing off the top of its body and the first thing i did is i swam down i snipped the line off the top of its head right at right just above the hook and swam up she didn’t swim away she was just hovering right underneath me so i swim back down here one more time and i put my hand gently right on the front of her head and i put my hand on the hook and i slowly work that hook right out of its top jaw and i thought that’s it you know she’s gonna swim off now she’s been saved i look down and she’s circling right under my feet so i swim back down to her one more time and i put my hand right next to where the injury was as if sort of rubbing it saying hey listen you’re gonna be okay and i put my head right next to her eye and i just remember eye moving back and forth between my mask looking at both my eyes and realized that she knew i was trying to help her

often people say how can one person make a difference what if you could see how shark fin soup is made if you could see how each year up to 70 million sharks are killed to end up in soup could you still eat it i shared the footage of the live finch shark in indonesia with wild aid an organization that has been working in shark conservation in china the film went to over a billion people in asia eighty percent who were surveyed who saw it said they were either gonna quit eating shark fin soup or drastically reduce their consumption of it remember when a buying stops the kitten can too as a still photographer i could see the power of an image it was transformative i think it’s our dna to take care of future generations and if you can find that that way in you can reach people really quickly and change them the human eye is so limited we see only a tiny little sliver of the electromagnetic spectrum it’s like if you owned a grand piano in your house but you could only hear one note on it normally carbon dioxide gas is invisible to the human eye but certain wavelengths of infrared will be absorbed by gases like co2 or methane so that’s what’s going on here this camera has a very particular color filter on it enabling us to visualize the co2 gas that’s coming out of our noses and mounts we have two cameras one camera that sees what your eye sees and the other with the fossil fuel companies don’t want the rest of the world to see the carbon dioxide world let’s do this one coming at us i mean it’s disgusting but it’s beautiful this is this good look here on the left here these guys are going to be good slow green slowly wow just about everything that we do emits carbon dioxide the way we heat and air condition our houses the way we do our transportation systems whether it’s planes trains or automobiles just about everything pumps out vast amounts of carbon dioxide but you can’t see it to be able to see this hidden world was like you were let in on this magic trick but the magic trick is actually killing the planet this looks like a big parade so what are you working on buddy come on in i will show you is this your flux capacitor it’s uh close oh right here actually i can spin this use carbon dioxide i mean what the government hiring you who’s doing it you’re just doing an own thing in many ways our generation is the one with the last hand on the throttle that just pushes that throttle down we’re putting so much carbon dioxide and so much methane into the atmosphere it’s quite possible if you think about it but the baby boom generation itself is the single most impactful generation of mammals this planet has ever seen in the anthropocene we’re changing every parameter we’re changing the geology of the planet we’re changing the chemistry of the ocean the anthropocene means that what happens to this planet is now in our own hands when you take any drop off the ocean anywhere and you look under a microscope there’s so much beauty there on this tiny scale this miniature architecture that i never tire of looking at our first speaker is boris voorham and he’s published a number of important

and controversial papers in recent years for on the decline of phytoplankton when i give a talk on plankton i say first of all let’s take a breath and let’s take a second breath and then contemplate the fact that that second breath came from the ocean because it was produced ultimately by phytoplankton which produced half of the oxygen we breathe we’re aware that we are changing the ocean at a global scale there’s multiple human impacts ranging from fishing to climate change and acidification implying that no part of the ocean is free from human impact using satellite imagery and other data dr worm determined that we may have lost 40 percent of plankton production in just the last 50 years it’s happening primarily as a consequence of climate change and there is a lot of controversy because it’s a big question and if this plankton decline pans out to be as dramatic as we think it is then that would be a big deal your life depends on the ocean’s breathing and in fact animals could only exist on land after plankton in the oceans had produced enough oxygen for them to live by we have this illusion that’s the big things in the environment that count but if you lose the small things everything else fails it’s like there’s this incredible web where we’re all connected if you take out one little thing let’s say like plankton everything the whole web collapses it’s like having a symphony and one by one you just pluck each of the instruments out of the orchestra do your last voices there and then it’s gone it’s out of order when globally most the world is fighting to protect these species he’s taking 600 possibly more every year that’s the uh the processing part paul found this guy from mr lee one of the biggest smugglers of endangered sharks in the world they had three protected species of sharks basket sharks great whites and whale sharks like i said i’ve had possible business opportunity to buy omega-3 oils from him what do i need to know about fish oil so look we need 100 confirmation that it’s a good product and then yeah ask for samples i’m just going to play it like a little bit angry defensive you’re trying to pass it by me is it where am i operating out in the u.s i’m gonna say brooklyn whatever that’s your corner charcoal is being used for omega-3 but these sharks is trading are endangered and protected in china and internationally the only law that we really have to protect endangered species is cities the site is the convention for national trade of endangered species and there’s only a few hundred animals that are actually on that list and part of the reason is because the people that control cites are actually in the trade of selling them head of this scientist conference a new decision-making mechanism to set up a centralized system for the resumption of the international trade in elephant ivory mr soy is very interested you see the best quality is kimchi can we take a very small sample back just let you know last time it did give

me some and i didn’t test it though we need to have my people test it i’m not going to be send i’m not going to i don’t know who your lab is i’m sorry sorry this might this be my lab sure can i just borrow louie for one second you have to talk this one once a second we can i just do what they want to know about uh you gotta do your top button because you can probably see your microphone and the tape right there jesus [Applause] i just want to make sure that five years from now we don’t have problems with people saying oh we’ve fished out all the whale sharks um we walked up the steps and looked into the processing ground and there was whale sharks chopped in bits all over the floor so we just walked in and start photographing then we sent out a press release to the world’s media it went viral had national geographic time magazine the bbc they just went everywhere the chinese government are doing a lot at the moment for endangered species they’re burning ivory they’ve banned shark fin soup at government banquets and things are really moving the right direction thank you so i just hope they can be proactive with mr lee we get down about it but maybe yeah there is light at the end of the tunnel yeah you’re going to see that people are changing so we are on our way just don’t be so depressed in our lifetime everything can change a little bit that’s already worth it it’s really easy for us to look east and say you know look what china’s doing they’re destroying the planet they’re polluting everything they’re wiping out species but the west is already doing an incredible job of massively depleting and damaging the environment and taking out a lot of threatened species what’s happening in china now is they’re going through the same growing pains that we did but when we went through our growing pains there was only a billion people on the planet with china going through its growing pains there’s over 1.3 billion people in china alone we’ve already pushed so many vulnerable species and the environment to the brink we can’t afford to keep making the same mistakes because there’ll be nothing left some of the world’s rarest amphibians are inside that trailer i’ve heard up to half of all frog species could be gone in the next 20 years yeah there are 7 000 species of amphibian and they’re all endangered photo arc’s my 20-year attempt to photograph every captive species on earth one guy’s desperate attempt to get people to care that’s it there he is the very last rabb’s friend’s limb tree frog very last one kitrid fungus wiped them all out in panama so he’s the last one that’s it when he’s gone they’ll be extinct can we lift his chin up a little bit for me please perfect you know this is his big moment and a lot of times these pictures i do are the only national coverage these animals will ever get before they go extinct this is it this is their one chance i really hope the photo art isn’t just some sort of an archive of the things we lost but instead it’s a chance to get people interested look these animals in the eye and fall in love with them there’s only 330 340 species of turtles and half of them are under threat

if the temperature rises on the planet just a few degrees they’re very susceptible to extinction so this is really the last line of defense keeping animals that are extinct in the wild in a captive situation i think you could compare something like this or nature in general to the finest works of art on the planet and in my opinion more than the you know the best picasso matisse warhol life wants to flourish dna wants to go forward we need to be part of that why would we want to do anything to disrupt something that took billions of years to evolve see how the trees are all falling into the lake and they’re doing that because the permafrost in the ground is melting in the arctic and these cold reaches around the planet underneath the lakes underneath the oceans there’s fast vast quantities of frozen methane that’s been in there for millions of years this lake has a lot of methane bubbling out of it in fact we can light those methane bubbles on fire school kids know about the extinction event that killed all the big dinosaurs but paleontologists you know the connoisseurs of this they look back at the permian extinction so that’s the biggest extinction in the history of the planet almost all life on the planet disappeared it’s called the great dying you know the kt is pretty obvious that was caused by meteor but what the hell killed all the animals on land and sea back at the permian and now they’re coming around to thinking it’s probably methane so the ant is getting gradually warmer and the methane that’s been locked away for millions of years is starting to come out when all this gets going we will have what we call a runaway effect that’s runaway climate change and it’s unstoppable are you all right the only way to tackle the methane problem is to reduce co2 emissions because that’s what’s warming the arctic letting this methane bubble up you know the great irony is like the oil companies they see the melting of the ice as an opportunity to go up there and drill more holes for oil and what we don’t realize is underneath that that’s what people have to worry about we do know from the fossil record that even pre-human climate changes could happen fast i’m not talking millions of years i’m talking three years or four years way less than a mortgage less time than it takes for your kid to go through college and what if the world’s temperature goes up six degrees in three years it will lead to massive death in the oceans when the oceans start dying like that the planet can’t function as it used to function and when that happens life everywhere fails that is a mass extinction there’s this remote island in indonesia it’s right at the tip where the sea comes sort of crashing into this channel and through this quarter are whales and dolphins and all kinds of animals and at the tip of this island is this village called namakera there’s no place on earth that we know of where more manta rays are being killed

than in that single village we realized if we were gonna deal with the manta issue we had to go to ground zero so they make like sets of 20 or 40 and they’re they’re about 20 dollars a set and you get a couple of sets off a manta at maximum and then you get about five to six hundred dollars from the gills there’s a gill so you can see the end of it all the cartilage will be sent to china to be crushed down to into pills for um glycerin and sulfate for the sore joints and stuff we sat down we’ll meet with kapalaedesa who’s the chief master rombo data initially they weren’t very welcoming they didn’t want us to stay and ultimately we managed to talk our way onto one of the fishing vessels they caught it a couple of hours into the fishing trip i saw this black figure on the surface just cruising oh over the course of an hour this thing struggles for its life it’s big i’m looking at this and i’m going god i can’t do this she just sticks in the brain of this animal and it just freaks out i actually watched its soldiers disappear in front of me and then it went limp paul hurry no don’t don’t panic don’t panic as we’re going towards a village an armada of boats start streaming past us and they’re all triangulating on this group of manta rays that have come into their waters the first thing they usually start hacking into the gills with the advent of traders providing diesel-powered engines and a supply chain all the way out to china they transition very quickly to the full-on commercial outfit and it’s only a few years before the manta rays and would be wiped out they realize the numbers are dropping even if we weren’t here they realized something has to change

what are their children going to be doing they’re going to have nothing left it’s just losing a bit of magic you know the world without that species to me it’s it’s empty you know in 200 years people will look back on this particular period and say to themselves how did those people at that time just allow all these amazing creatures to vanish but it would be very little use in me or anybody else exerting all this energy to save the wild places if people are not being educated into being better stewards than we’ve been if we all lose hope there is no hope without hope people fall into apathy there’s still a lot left that’s worth fighting for about two decades ago the baiji dolphin was extremely vulnerable there was hundreds of them left i mean i thought well there’s enough out there somebody’s gonna do something to save this animal this animal it wasn’t just the last of its species it was the last entire family of cetaceans so i thought humans somebody somewhere has got to go out and save these animals they have to because they’re dying off they’re all gone now they went extinct in my lifetime they went extinct so we always think that there’s gonna be somebody else around to save these animals this field is one of the last places on earth where you can see a florida grasshopper sparrow and there’s fewer males singing every year we’re roughly around 20 sparrows a year from 150 to 20 so it’s getting harder every year to find the bird huh did you hear something that’s a grasshopper spider phase out is a term you hear sometimes by zookeepers when a species is no longer viable in captivity they think about phasing it out just kind of slip off into extinction here he is there you got him got him you’ll never phase out an elephant or a panda for a rhino but you know if it’s a small brown bird how are you ever going to get people excited about that my pictures of the sparrow ended up on the cover of audubon and when the u.s fish and wildlife service saw that they went from allocating thirty thousand dollars a year towards the grasshopper sparrow looking good to about 1.3 million dollars this year to try to study it and turn things around for this bird to me photography isn’t just about showing somebody how beautiful something is all right it’s a weapon remember what artie gill was able to do with that little projector in front of the hump what he was able to achieve and i thought well how can we scale this up when we dream we don’t dream inside of a box we dream inside of worlds early photographs were circular

even early tvs were circular but to make more out of the medium there was a decision made to crop it into a box and the box has a lot to do with the way we think my way has always been blowing up the medium into a million pieces and letting it become something else travis has done projections on iconic buildings all over the world my fantasy would be to take the work of my photographer friends at national geographic and amplify their message by orders of magnitude if we just had like a whale going by and then it jumps off into some other building you’re beautiful i still love the idea of sharks on wall street what do you think yeah no problem 80 of the greenhouse gases that are caused by cities are caused by commercial buildings tony malkin the guy that owns the empire state building probably the most iconic building in the world and he’s greened it everyone had written off the empire state building as outmoded and obsolete we retrofitted 6500 windows replaced all the lights with leds we did the heating and cooling the systems from that we actually saved 4.4 million dollars a year the best way to move the needle when people are talking about the environment is the bottom line i like to project into the woods you try to see the whole the whole building yeah we do the whole building and we can also like the mobile idea where we can mount projectors onto trucks and just drive with them so that would be cool travis had drawn up an illustration of a mobile projection vehicle just looking at the plans that opened up a whole new world of possibility it can’t just be the environmental activists that care about getting off of fossil fuels everybody has to become a part of it i heard that there’s this race car driver that was an environmentalist in a sport that traditionally doesn’t care about the environment so like a living contradiction when i go to the sports marketing companies and i say can you help me find sponsors and then i give them the list of people i won’t work with no fossil fuels no oil no coal no meat no people who test on animals no fur no leather they’re just look at me like i don’t know how you want us to help you leilani munter has just passed five cars in the last lap and a half and she is reeling christmas sometimes i have an environmental say well if you were really an environmentalist you know you’d be racing a bike and the problem with that is then i wouldn’t have 75 million people paying attention to my sport [Applause] thank you you look at a guy like elon musk he builds reusable rocket ships to supply the space station he’s the biggest installer of solar in america and he built the best rated car ever made and it’s electric melanie new elon musk i think we are currently doing something very very dumb which is to run this experiment on how much co2 the ocean’s atmosphere can hold in order to have a future that does not result in an environmental catastrophe followed by economic collapse which is what would occur if we didn’t get off oil that’s why we have to have electric cars i think we want to put in an order for a car today excellent we’ll take one all right go ahead ready yeah it’s it’s pretty quick it’s gonna go that fast with 105 pounds on it oh yeah but yeah i mean the focal length on it is crazy you’ll be able to shoot really far with it we can zoom hundreds of feet from something or like a thousand feet and scale it thousands of pieces with this um yeah how far will these project a mile now i’m building one for you guys that’s three times louder than this oh suddenly there’s just this amazing sound you can’t hear that we’ve taken inspiration from ocean creatures like plankton cuttlefish that use the light as a communication device or a camouflage and added an

electroluminescent paint job incredible with a mobile projection we can go anywhere we want with it we can take it to the highways we can take it to big buildings we can take it to the streets we’ll be able to project co2 emissions in real time out of the projector the back of the vehicle while leilani’s driving so that’s legal that’s illegal until you push that that’s legal okay it’s ready to go boss my feeling is that by bringing nature to the city we’re hopefully able to inspire people to actually help save these creatures there’s a lot of species that need protection most species that are deserving never get listed after a four-year campaign we finally managed to get mantas on the docket at the 2013 cities meeting so what i want to show you here is a video that shows what we’re doing most people say you can’t beat money you can’t be politics you can’t beat those things with just hope and inspiration we have to make it socially unacceptable to consume these animals i think we live in a very visual world imagery is very powerful because you can walk into room they might speak 15 different languages but you show them a photograph people get it they understand stopping on conservation soup there we go there’s the hong kong rooftop i will ask us to move quickly to the next proposal the inclusion of manta species on appendix 2. on behalf of the european union and its member states in croatia we support the proposal to include the monterrey south african state shares the same support china is the north spot thank you you got your seatbelt on yep good so what are you doing on the vehicle oh it’s a light on top of the vehicle so what are you doing yeah and we’re getting shots in industrial areas why industrial areas the reflections on the car look prettier i want to do it somewhere else what if we photograph your smoke that’s not smoke what is it that’s steam so if you film your steam is that okay no i want people to understand that we’re the only generation left that can save these animals there’s no other future generation that we can count on to save us it’s us we do not have a consensus technicians please display the results uh the only way you’re going to affect change in a remote community like lemakera is to present an alternative with the sighties victory we succeeded in getting mantras listed for protection which led to a national ban on all fisheries for manta rays throughout all of indonesia in fact it’s illegal to even harm one and it can result in up to a year in prison that law it creates new possibilities yeah it’s our theater yeah projector and then where is the um the um electric and in the world of conservation those small opportunities and those small doorways that you open often lead to those breakthrough moments now whether it works that’s the next step over here

um m foreign there’s our village [Applause] we want them to get an entirely new view that the stuff they go out in the water and they see every day and they stick a spirit is worth far more alive than dead the concept of converting this hunting culture to a tourism culture on the surface seems pretty daunting but we show them the success stories that we’ve had in these other areas places in the world that had very little and now are thriving [Applause] these kids are going to be really influenced by this and they’re going to be the guides of the future we’re just bringing a message it’s really up to them oh we can make this happen as we face more and more animal extinctions we need more and more of these indomitable spirits and we need more people to understand it’s worth doing the small choices we make each day can lead to the kind of world that we all want for the future so there was a reverend in japan he had a statement which really struck me and it was better to light one candle than curse the darkness

there’s so many people who sit back and say we’re screwed or you know why bother but you know what that candle that candle means something because with that one candle maybe someone else with a candle will find you and i think that’s where movements are started i know it all sounds overwhelming but if we start with just one thing we can start a movement humans making humans together we can do this [Applause] [Applause] the darkness [Applause] the darkness [Applause] [Applause] [Applause] [Applause] [Applause] the darkness the darkness [Applause] thank you in the trees between the leaves or the growing that we did oh each other i divide in the sky oh

for the time to face each other without nothing means like without my heart with no reflection i cease to exist inside me my children are dying now inside me my children all i know all i’ve known i am nothing now inside me my children my children uh foreign ah you

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