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The Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing, often shortened to Triple Crown, comprises three races for three-year-old Thoroughbred horses Winning all three of these Thoroughbred horse races is considered the greatest accomplishment in Thoroughbred racing The term originated in mid-19th century England and different nations where thoroughbred racing is popular each have their own Triple Crown series == United States Triple Crowns == In the United States, the three races that make up the Triple Crown are: Kentucky Derby, run over the 1 1⁄4-mile (2.0 km) dirt track at Churchill Downs in Louisville, Kentucky Preakness Stakes, run over the 1 3⁄16-mile (1.9 km) dirt track at Pimlico Race Course in Baltimore, Maryland Belmont Stakes, run over the 1 1⁄2-mile (2.4 km) dirt track, the longest in U.S. thoroughbred racing, at Belmont Park in Elmont, New York, just east of the New York City borough of Queens in Nassau County, Long Island === Triple Crown winners === === Triple Tiara === There have been several different versions of the Triple Tiara (sometimes known as the Filly Triple Crown) in the United States One of them was a national version that consisted of undercard events on the same weekends as the associated Triple Crown races: Kentucky Oaks, run over 1 1⁄8 miles (1.8 km) on a dirt track, at Churchill Downs; Black-Eyed Susan Stakes, run over 1 1⁄8 miles (1.8 km) (previously 1 1⁄16 mi or 1.7 km) on a dirt track, at Pimlico Race Course; Acorn Stakes, run over 1 mile (1.6 km) (previously 1 1⁄2 mi or 2.4 km) on a dirt track, at Belmont Park; Only one filly won this version of the Triple Tiara, Davona Dale in 1979 Few have even tried as the short time between the Kentucky Oaks and Black-Eyed Susan is generally considered too short for fillies The most commonly accepted version of the Triple Tiara uses three races from New York From 1957 to 2002, and 2007 to 2009, these three races were the Acorn Stakes, the Mother Goose Stakes, and the Coaching Club American Oaks Eight fillies won this version of the New York Triple Tiara: Dark Mirage (1968) Shuvee (1969) Chris Evert (1974) Ruffian (1975) Davona Dale (1979) Mom’s Command (1985) Open Mind (1989) Sky Beauty (1993) In 2010, the NYRA changed the configuration of the Triple Tiara to include the Alabama Stakes instead of the Mother Goose Thus far, no filly has won the reconfigured Triple Tiara == United Kingdom Triple Crowns == In England, where the term Triple Crown originated with West Australian’s three wins in 1853, it is made up of: the 2,000 Guineas Stakes, run over 1 mile (1,609 meters) at Newmarket Racecourse in Newmarket, Suffolk the Epsom Derby, run over 1 mile 4 furlongs and 10 yards (2,423 metres) at Epsom Downs Racecourse in Epsom, Surrey the St. Leger Stakes, run over 1 mile, 6 furlongs and 132 yards (2,937 metres) at Town Moor in Doncaster, Yorkshire Since the 2,000 Guineas was first run in 1809, fifteen horses (including three winners of substitute races at Newmarket during World War I) have won the English Triple Crown The most recent – and only winner since World War II – was Nijinsky, in 1970 For many years, it was considered unlikely that any horse would ever win the English Triple Crown again In the winter of 2006/2007, however, trainer Jim Bolger was training his unbeaten colt Teofilo for the Triple Crown and bookmaker William Hill plc was offering odds of only 12/1 against Teofilo winning the 2007 Triple Crown The horse was withdrawn from the 2000 Guineas two days before the race after suffering a setback and never raced again Since Nijinsky, only Nashwan (1989), Sea the Stars (2009), and Camelot (2012) have won both the Guineas and the Derby Between Reference Point in 1987 and Camelot in 2012, no Derby winner (not even the potential Triple Crown winners Nashwan and Sea the Stars) even entered the St. Leger This reluctance to compete in the St. Leger is said to be because of the impact it would have on a horse’s stud value in a market where speed is preferred to stamina === Triple Crown winners === For a list of the annual individual race winners, see English Triple Crown race winners Triple Crown winners: †Wartime winners Pommern, Gay Crusader and Gainsborough are not counted, according to many judges, as the three races were all held at Newmarket and racing itself was too disrupted By this reckoning, there were only 12 triple crown winners, and only three in the 20th century === Failed Triple Crown attempts === The following horses won the 2000 Guineas and Derby but were beaten in the St Leger: Cotherstone (1843): second to Nutwith Pretender (1869): fourth to Pero Gomez Shotover (1882): third to Dutch Oven Ayrshire (1888): sixth to Seabreeze Ladas (1894): second to Throstle

St. Amant (1904): seventh and last to Pretty Polly Minoru (1909): fourth to Bayardo Manna (1925): tenth to Solario Cameronian (1931): tenth and last to Sandwich Camelot (2012): second to Encke === Fillies Triple Crown === There is also a Fillies Triple Crown for a filly winning the 1,000 Guineas Stakes, Epsom Oaks and St. Leger Stakes In the past, this was not considered a true Triple Crown as the best fillies would often run in the Derby and Two Thousand Guineas As this is no longer the case, the Fillies’ Triple Crown would now be considered as comparable as the original Winners of the Fillies Triple Crown are: 1868 – Formosa, also dead heated in the Two Thousand Guineas 1871 – Hannah 1874 – Apology, also won the Ascot Gold Cup 1892 – La Fleche, also won the Ascot Gold Cup 1902 – Sceptre, also won the Two Thousand Guineas 1904 – Pretty Polly 1942 – Sun Chariot 1955 – Meld 1985 – Oh So Sharp === Alternative Triple Crowns === The trio of Ascot Gold Cup, Goodwood Cup and Doncaster Cup is sometimes referred to as the Stayers Triple Crown == Ireland == In Ireland, the Triple Crown, modelled on the English equivalent, is made up of the Irish 2,000 Guineas the Irish Derby the Irish St. Leger (open to older horses) All three races are run at the Curragh === Triple Crown winners === For a list of the annual individual race winners, see Irish Triple Crown race winners Only two horses have won all three races since the Irish Two Thousand Guineas was first run in 1921: Museum (1935) Windsor Slipper (1942) == Canada == In Canada the three races that comprise the Triple Crown are: Queen’s Plate Prince of Wales Stakes Breeders’ Stakes === Winners of the Canadian Triple Crown === The Canadian Triple Crown was established in 1959 and since then seven horses have won it In 2014, the Hall of Fame decided to honor the five horses who had won the three races before 1959, meaning 12 horses are now officially recognized as winning the Canadian Triple Crown ==== Pre-1959 establishment ==== 1932 Queensway (filly) 1939 Archworth 1945 Uttermost 1955 Ace Marine 1956 Canadian Champ ==== Since 1959 establishment ==== 1959 New Providence 1963 Canebora 1989 With Approval 1990 Izvestia 1991 Dance Smartly (filly) 1993 Peteski 2003 Wando === Canadian Triple Tiara === The Canadian Triple Tiara consists of: Woodbine Oaks (formerly the Canadian Oaks) Bison City Stakes Wonder Where Stakes To date, only one filly has won it: 2007 Sealy Hill == Australia == The Australian Triple Crown comprises the following races: Randwick Guineas (1,600 m) Rosehill Guineas (2,000 m) AJC Australian Derby (2,400 m) The three-year-old Triple Crown initially included the Canterbury Guineas (1,900 m) but nowadays the first leg is the Randwick Guineas === Australian Triple Crown champions === A total of five horses have won the Australian Triple Crown: The Two Year Old Triple Crown (also known as the Two-year-old Grand Slam) consists of: Golden Slipper Stakes (1,200 m) AJC Sires Produce Stakes Champagne Stakes (1,600 m) Only six horses have won the Australian Two Year Old Triple Crown: 1970 Baguette 1977 Luskin Star 1991 Tierce 1992 Burst (filly) 2004 Dance Hero 2012 Pierro == Germany == In Germany, the Triple Crown (Dreifache Krone) consists of Mehl-Mülhens-Rennen, German 2000 Guineas (formerly Henckel-Rennen), Cologne, 1600 m Deutsches Derby, Hamburg, 2400 m Deutsches St. Leger, Dortmund, 2800 m Only one horse has won the German Triple Crown, Königsstuhl in 1979 In East Germany the Dreifache Krone consisted of Frühjahrszuchtpreis der Dreijährigen Derby der DDR (Derby of GDR) Großer Herbstpreis der Dreijährigen Three horses have won the East German Triple Crown: == France == The French Triple Crown consists of: Poule d’Essai des Poulains (French 2000 Guineas) Prix du Jockey Club Grand Prix de Paris Previously the French Triple Crown consisted of Poule d’Essai des Poulains (French 2000 Guineas) Prix du Jockey Club Prix Royal-Oak Two horses have swept the French Triple Crown Zut, in 1879 Perth, in 1899 For fillies: Poule d’Essai des Pouliche (French 1000 Guineas) Prix de Diane Prix Vermeille Four fillies have won all three races: Nikellora, in 1945 Corteira, in 1948

Allez France, in 1973 Zarkava, in 2008 Previously the French Triple Crown for fillies consisted of: Poule d’Essai des Pouliche (French 1000 Guineas) Prix de Diane Prix Royal-Oak No filly has ever won the series == Belgium == The Belgian Triple Crown consists of: Poule d’Essai des Poulains (Belgian 2000 Guineas) Derby Belge St. Leger Belge Known Triple Crown winners in Belgium: Kitty (1926) Bayeux (1947) Soudard (1971) Epsiba (1980) Camiros (1982) Abbey’s Grey (1989) Super Native (1990) The Fillies’ Triple Crown in Belgium appears to consist of: Poule d’Essai des Pouliches (Belgian 1000 Guineas) Prix de Gustave Roy de Blicquy (Belgian Oaks) St. Leger Belge One filly is known to have won all three races: Domitillia (BEL), 1959 Belgium’s Jockey Club does not (or will not) disclose histories of its Triple Crown races It is not known if the lists above are complete, and it is not known if any of the above races are still being run in Belgium The last Derby Belge for which there is any known record was in 2011, when the race was won by German-bred Revanta == Hungary == The Hungarian Triple consists of: Nemzeti dij (Hungarian 2000 Guineas) Magyar Derby (Hungarian Derby) Magyar St. Leger (Hungarian St. Leger) Hungarian Triple Crown winners are: Try Well (HUN), 1936 Bilbao (HUN), 1977 April Sun (HUN), 1999 Saldenzar (GER), 2007 Quelindo (GER), 2015 The Hungarian Fillies’ Triple Crown consists of: Hazafi dij (Hungarian 1000 Guineas) Magyar Kancadíj (Hungarian Oaks) Magyar St. Leger (Hungarian St. Leger) No filly has swept the Hungarian Fillies’ Triple Crown == Switzerland == In Switzerland, the Triple Crown series consists of: Swiss Derby Swiss 2000 Guineas Swiss St. Leger Plus the series for fillies Swiss Oaks Swiss 1000 Guineas One horse has won the Swiss Triple Crown 2006 Majofils (FR) Majofil’s half-sister Singapore Creek (FR) captured the 2007 Swiss Oaks == Denmark == In Denmark, the Triple Crown series consists of: Dansk Derby Dansk Forarslob (Dansk 2000 Guineas) Dansk St. Leger Three horses have won the Danish Triple Crown: Sunbeam, in 1939 Asa Thor, in 1945 Hallo, in 1946 The Danish Filly Triple Crown consists of: Dansk Oaks Marowinalob (Dansk 1000 Guineas) Dansk St. Leger One filly has swept all three races: Rossard, in 1983 == Sweden == The Swedish Triple Crown consists of: Svenskt Derby Jockeyklubbens Jubileumslöpning (Svenskt Thousand Guineas) Svenskt St. Leger Three horses have swept the Swedish Triple Crown: Birgit, in 1940 Coast Guard, in 1952 Homosassa, in 1985 The Swedish Filly Triple Crown consists of: Dianalöpning (Svenskt One Thousand Guineas) Svensk Oaks Svenskt St. Leger One filly has swept all three races: Wonderbird, in 1953 == Norway == The Norsk Triple Crown series consists of: Norsk 2000 Guineas Norsk Derby Norsk St. Leger Eight horses have swept the Norwegian Triple Crown: Cato, in 1943 Sally, in 1944 Primadonna, in 1945 Askepot, in 1948 Trainer’s Seat, in 1976 Dalby Jaguar, in 1981 Sunorius, in 1987 Without Fear, in 2011 The Norwegian Filly Triple Crown consists of: Norsk 1000 Guineas Norsk Oaks Norsk St. Leger No filly has swept all three races == The Netherlands == The Dutch Triple Crown consists of: Hengsten Productenren (Dutch 2000 Guineas) Dutch Derby Dutch St. Leger The following horses have swept the Dutch Triple Crown: Tosto (HOL), in 1951 Sans Valeur (HOL), in 1954 Jolly Peter (HOL), in 1959 Jolly Jinks (HOL), in 1966 Frances Hope (HOL), in 1976 Ishamo (GB), in 1981 Boxberger Speed (GB), in 1982 Boxberger Civano (GB), in 1984 Sydney Raaphorst (GB), in 1985 Double Fun (HOL), in 2002 The Dutch Fillies’ Triple Crown consists of: Merries Productenren (Dutch 1000 Guineas) Diana-prijs (Dutch Oaks) Dutch St. Leger The following horses have swept the series: Ramana, in 1947 Qualissa (HOL), in 1949 (also won the 1949 Dutch Derby) Que Sara (HOL), in 1967 Queen of Roses S (HOL), in 1973 (also won 1973 Dutch Derby) Libelle (HOL), in 1980 Carmona (HOL), in 1983 The Dutch Triple Crown races, except the Dutch Derby and possibly the Dutch Oaks, have not been run since around 2008

== India == The three races that comprise the Indian Triple Crown are the Indian 2000 Guineas, the Indian Derby and the Indian St Leger, all run at Mahalaxmi Race Course in Mumbai The 2000 Guineas is run in December, and the Derby on the first Sunday of the following February The St Leger is usually run in April; between 1970 and 1990 it was run at Pune, before being shifted to Mumbai It is now again being run in Pune Ten horses have won the Indian Triple Crown: Commoner 1953/54 Loyal Manzar 1961/62 Prince Pradeep 1963/64 Red Rufus 1966/67 Our Select 1967/68 Squanderer 1976/77 Almanac 1981/82 Astonish 1991/92 Indictment 1997/98 Smart Chieftain 1999/00 One filly has swept the series for fillies (Indian 1000 Guineas, Indian Oaks, Indian St. Leger): Her Majesty 1947/48 == Kenya == The Kenya Triple Crown series is run at Ngong Racecourse, in Nairobi, and consists of: Kenya Derby (1 1/2 miles) Kenya Guineas (1 mile) Kenya St. Leger (1 3/4 miles) The three races have been won by: Heron, in 1972 Manuscript, in 1978 Pretty Witch (filly) in 1981 Morningstar, in 1990 Kings Pattern, in 1994 The Kenya Fillies’ Triple Crown consists of: Kenya Fillies Guineas (1 mile) Kenya Oaks (1 1/2 miles) Kenya St. Leger (1 3/4 miles) The three races have been won by: Windsong, in 1999 Happy Times, in 2015 Western Ballad, in 2016 == Turkey == In Turkey, the three races that compose the Triple Crown are: Erkek Tay Deneme (Turkish 2000 Guineas – 1,600 m) or Dişi Tay Deneme (Turkish 1000 Guineas – 1,600 m) Gazi Derby (Turkish Derby Stakes – 2,400 m) Ankara Stakes (Turkish St. Leger – 2,800 m) Three-year-old horses are eligible for the Turkish Triple Crown Champions of the Turkish Triple Crown are: 1970 Sadettin (Caerlaverock – Zeynep, by Ugur) 1971 Minimo (Cihangir – Mighty Mo, by Big Game(GB)) ***Minimo did not win the Turkish 2000 Guineas, but she did win the Derby, Oaks, St. Leger & 1000 Guineas*** 1973 Karayel (Prince Tudor – Linda, by Cihangir) 1983 Seren.1 (Karayel – Karanara, by Allenheads) 1985 Ugurtay (Tunkut – Nosana, by Kythnos) 1986 Hafız (Royal Shiraz – Linda, by Cihangir) 1996 Bold Pilot (Persian Bold – Rosa Palumba, by Imperial Fling) 2001 Grand Ekinoks (Barnato – Violent Girl, by Aristocrat) The Turkish Fillies’ Triple Crown consists of: Disi Tay Deneme (Turkish 1000 Guineas) Kisrak (Turkish Oaks) Ankara Stakes (Turkish St. Leger) Fillies that have swept this series are: Suphan, in 1965 Minimo, in 1971 == Japan == Japan has two sets of races referred to as Triple Crowns Japanese Triple Crown the Satsuki Sho (Japanese 2000 Guineas – 2000m), at Nakayama Racecourse in Funabashi, Chiba the Tokyo Yushun (Japanese Derby – 2400m), at Tokyo Racecourse in Fuchu, Tokyo the Kikuka Sho (Japanese St.Leger – 3000m), at Kyoto Racecourse in Kyoto, Kyoto Only seven horses have received the Japanese Triple Crown: 1941 St Lite (Diolite – Flippancy, by Flamboyant) 1964 Shinzan (Hindostan – Hayanobori, by Hayatake) 1983 Mr. C.B (Tosho Boy – C.B Queen, by Topyo) 1984 Symboli Rudolf (Partholon – Sweet Luna, by Speed Symboli) 1994 Narita Brian (Brian’s Time – Pacificus, by Northern Dancer) 2005 Deep Impact (Sunday Silence – Wind in Her Hair, by Alzao) 2011 Orfevre (Stay Gold – Oriental Art, by Mejiro McQueen) Japanese Fillies’ Triple Crown the Oka Sho (Japanese 1000 Guineas), at Hanshin Racecourse in Takarazuka, Hyogo the Yushun Himba (Japanese Oaks), at Tokyo Racecourse in Fuchu, Tokyo the Shuka Sho (since 1996), at Kyoto Racecourse in Kyoto, Kyoto / the Queen Elizabeth II Commemorative Cup (1976–1995) Only four horses have received the Japanese Fillies’ Triple Crown: 1986 Mejiro l’ Amone (Mogami – Mejiro Hiryu, by Never Beat) 2003 Still in Love (Sunday Silence – Bradamante, by Roberto) 2010 Apapane (King Kamehameha – Salty Bid, by Salt Lake) 2012 Gentildonna (Deep Impact – Donna Blini, by Bertolini) == Hong Kong == The Triple Crown series at Hong Kong’s Sha Tin Racecourse consists of three races at increasingly longer distances

Unlike most other Triple Crown events, these races are not confined to three-year-olds They are: Hong Kong Stewards’ Cup at 1,600 metres (0.99 mi) held in January Hong Kong Gold Cup at 2,000 metres (1.2 mi) held in February Hong Kong Champions & Chater Cup at 2,400 metres (1.5 mi) held in May In 1994, River Verdon became the first, and to date, only horse to win the Hong Kong Triple Crown In Hong Kong, there are two other Triple Crown series, the Hong Kong Speed Series and the Four-year-old Series == Italy == The Triple Crown series consists in three races at increasingly longer distances Premio Parioli at Capannelle Racecourse in Rome, 1600 m, Group 3 Derby Italiano at Capenelle Racecourse in Rome, 2200 m, Group 2 St. Leger Italiano, at San Siro Racecourse in Milano, 1 mile, 6 furlongs Three horses have swept the Italian Triple Crown: Niccolo dell’Arca(ITY), in 1941 Gladiolo(FR), in 1946 Botticelli(ITY), in 1954 The Italian Fillies’ Triple Crown consists of: Premio Regina Elena (1000 Guineas) Oaks d’Italiano (Italian Oaks) St. Leger Italiano No filly has swept all three races, but Jacopa de Sellaio (ITY) won the Premio Parioli, Derby Italiano, Premio Regina Elena, and Oaks d’Italia in 1932 == Spain == The Triple Crown series consists of: Premio Cimera (Spanish 2000 Guineas) Premio Villapadierna (Spanish Derby) Premio Villamejor (Spanish St. Leger) Two horses have swept the Spanish Triple Crown: Dual Sea(GB), in 1975 Arkaitz(SPA), in 2014 The Triple Crown for fillies consists of: Premio Valderas (Spanish 1000 Guineas) Premio Beamonte (Spanish Oaks) Premio Villamejor (Spanish St. Leger) One filly has swept all three races: Tokara(SPA), in 1962 == Macau == In Makkah, the Macau Jockey Club introduced the Triple Crown Series in 2008, with three races all held in Taipa Racecourse, Macau: Director’s Cup, Macau Group 2 Race, 1,500 metres (0.93 mi) Macau Cup, Macau Group 2 Race, 1,500 metres (0.93 mi) Macau Gold Cup, Macau Group 1 Race, 1,800 metres (1.1 mi) In 2009 Macau Jockey Club changed the series for 4-year old horses: Macau Guineas, Macau Group 1 Race, 1,500 metres (0.93 mi), only for 4-year old horses Macau Derby, Macau Group 1 Race, 1,800 metres (1.1 mi), only for 4-year old horses Macau Gold Cup, Macau Group 1 Race, 1,800 metres (1.1 mi) In 2010, Luen Yat Forever become the first and, to date, only horse to win the Macau Triple Crown == Argentina == The three races that comprise the Triple Crown in Argentina are: Gran Premio Polla de Potrillos and Gran Premio Polla de Potrancas, Hipodromo Argentino de Palermo (1 mile on dirt) Gran Premio Jockey Club, Hipodromo de San Isidro (1 1/4 m mile on turf) Gran Premio Nacional (Argentine Derby), Hipodromo Argentino de Palermo (1 9/16 m on dirt) Winners of the Argentinian Triple Crown are: 1902 Pippermint 1904 Old Man 1906 Malgrejo 1908 Chopp 1917 Botafogo 1930 Sierra Balcarce (filly) 1931 Mineral 1934 Silfo 1938 Sorteado 1939 Embrujo 1940 La Mission (filly) 1951 Yatasto 1954 Tatán 1958 Manantial 1964 Gobernado 1966 Forli 1978 Telescopico 1986 El Serrano 1996 Refinado Tom == Mexico == The Mexican Triple Crown series consists of: Derby Mexicano (8 1/2 furlongs) Stakes Jockey Club Mexicano (8 furlongs) Gran Premio Nacional (8 1/2 furlongs) All three races are contested at Hippodromo de las Americas, in Mexico City Mexican Triple Crown winners: 1946 Plucky Flag (filly) 1949 Re-Torta (filly) 1966 Cachava (MEX) (filly) 1979 Gran Zar (MEX) 1980 Pikotazo (MEX) 2002 Dominciano (MEX) 2015 Huitlacoche (MEX) The Mexican Fillies’ Triple Crown series consists of : Clasico Rubi (7 furlongs) Clasico Esmeralda (8 furlongs) Clasico Diamante (8 1/2 furlongs) All three races are contested at Hippodromo de las Americas, in Mexico City Mexican Filly Triple Crown winners: 2005 She’s a Lady Race (MEX) 2007 That’s Life (MEX) 2009 Vivian Record (MEX) == Chile == The three races that comprise the Triple Crown in Chile are: Clásico El Ensayo, Club Hipico de Santiago

Clásico St. Leger, Hipodromo Chile El Derby, Valparaiso Sporting Club Winners of the Chilean Triple Crown are: 1885 Cachaporal 1928 Tutti Frutti 1939 Grimsby 1946 Tabano 1951 Empire 1956 Eugenia 1966 Prologo 1991 Wolf == Dominican Republic == The winners of the Dominican Republic Triple Crown have been: 1979 Cibao 1980 Amor Mio 1982 Senorita Cuquina 1985 Dr. Calderon 1990 Candice Akemi 1991 J. Robert 1997 Sweet Honey 2005 Excelencia 2007 Matty Alou 2008 Sicótico 2015 Fratello Martino 2016 Tango Dancer == Jamaica == The Jamaican Triple Crown series consists of: Jamaican 2000 Guineas Jamaican Derby Jamaican St. Leger The winners of the Jamaican Triple Crown are: 1981 Royal Dad 1987 Monday Morning 1988 Lui Chie Pooh 1992 Milligram 1996 War Zone 2000 I’m Satisfied 2010 Mark My Words The Jamaican Fillies’ Triple Crown consists of: Jamaican 1000 Guineas Jamaican Oaks Jamaican St. Leger The winners of the Jamaican Fillies’ Triple Crown are: 1993 Vestia 2000 Simply Magic 2008 Alsafra == Panama == The winners of the Panamanian Triple Crown have been: 1964 Pindín 1966 Tojo 1969 Iván 1972 Eugenio 1973 Montecarlo 1976 El Manut 1978 El Gran Capo 1992 Leonardo 1994 El Chacal 1995 Rey Arturo 1998 Evaristo 2004 Spago 2008 Oxsai 2010 Voy porque Voy == Poland == In Poland, the Triple Crown (Potrójna korona) consists of Rulera, Polish 2000 Guineas, Warsaw, 1600 m Służewiec Derby, Warsaw, 2400 m St. Leger, Warsaw, 2800 m Known Polish Triple Crown winners are: Liège (POL), in 1917 Mat (POL), in 1934 Jeremi (POL), in 1938 Ruch (POL), in 1948 Solali (POL), in 1961 Dipol (POL), in 1972 Czerkies (POL), in 1974 Krezus (POL), in 1989 Mokosz (POL), in 1992 Dżamajka (POL), in 2000 (a filly) Dancer Life (POL), in 2002 Dżesmin (POL), in 2005 San Moritz (POL), in 2007 Intens (POL), in 2011 Va Bank (IRE), in 2015 The classic races for fillies are: Nagroda Wiosennej (1000 Guineas) Nagroda Liry (Oaks) No filly is known to have won the Polish Fillies’ Triple Crown, which would conclude with the St. Leger The Polish St. Leger is now open to 3-year-olds and up == Puerto Rico == The Triple Crown series at Puerto Rico’s Camarero Racetrack consists of three races at increasingly longer distances They are: Derby Puertorriqueño at 1,700 meters (8½ furlongs) held in the first Sunday of May Copa Gobernador at 1,800 meters (9 furlongs) held in the end of May Copa San Juan at 1,900 meters (9½ furlongs) held in the last Sunday of June The Puerto Rico Triple Crown winners are: 1954 Camarero 1961 Cardiologo, also won 23 consecutive races 1966 El Rebelde 1981 Hurly Road 1991 Vuelve Candy B 1999 Cherokee Pepper 2001 Estrellero, also won 19 consecutive races 2002 Mediavilla R 2011 Don Paco 2012 Arquitecto 2014 Lluvia de Nieve == Uruguay == The three races that comprise the Triple Crown in Uruguay are: Gran Premio Polla de Potrillos Gran Premio Jockey Club Gran Premio Nacional This combination of races received some publicity outside of Uruguay in 2006 The 2005 Triple Crown winner Invasor, after being sold to Sheik Hamdan bin Rashid Al Maktoum’s Shadwell Racing and sent to be raced in the United States, went on to win three Grade I races in 2006 before winning that year’s Breeders’ Cup Classic He finished the year as the top-ranked horse in the 2006 World Thoroughbred Racehorse Rankings, and won the 2007 Dubai World Cup before being retired to stud following a training injury Uruguayan Triple Crown winners are: 1988 Amodeo 1994 Parsiphal 2005 Invasor 2014 Sir Fever == Ecuador == 1980 – present Ecuador has two sets of races referred to as Triple Crowns: Ecuador Triple Crown Clásico Estreno Dr. Raúl Lebed Sigall, at Hipódromo BUIJO in Samborondón Clásico Polla Nacional Sr. Agustin Febres Cordero, at Hipódromo BUIJO in Samborondón

Clásico Derby Nacional Sr.Benjamin Rosales A., at Hipódromo BUIJO in Samborondón Ecuador Fillies’ Triple Crown Clásico Ing Carlos San Andres, at Hipódromo BUIJO in Samborondo Clásico Sr. Eduardo Jairala F, at Hipódromo BUIJO in Samborondó Clásico Abogado Carlos Julio Arosemena Peet, at Hipódromo BUIJO in Samborondón Pre-1980 In Ecuador, the Triple Crown consists of: Clásico Nelson Uraga Suarez, at Hipódromo Santa Cecilia in Guayaquil Clásico Enrique Guzman Aspiazu, at Hipódromo Santa Cecilia in Guayaquil Clásico Inginiero Ignacio De Icaza Aspiazu, at Hipódromo Santa Cecilia in Guayaquil Triple Crown Champions: == Venezuela == Venezuela has two sets of races referred to as Triple Crowns: Venezuelan Official Triple Crown Clásico José Antonio Páez, at Hipódromo La Rinconada in Caracas Clásico Cría Nacional (former Clásico Ministerio de Agricultura y Cría), at Hipódromo La Rinconada in Caracas Clásico República de Venezuela (Venezuelan Derby), at Hipódromo La Rinconada in Caracas Venezuelan Fillies’ Triple Crown Clásico Hipódromo La Rinconada, at Hipódromo La Rinconada in Caracas Clásico Prensa Hípica Nacional, at Hipódromo La Rinconada in Caracas Clásico General Joaquín Crespo, at Hipódromo La Rinconada in Caracas Venezuelan Official Triple Crown Champions (from 1956): Filly Triple Crown winners are: Lavandera, in 1971 Segula C., in 1974 Blondy, in 1978 Gelinotte, in 1980 Lady and Me, in 1991 Cantaura, in 1992 Miss Marena, in 1994 Starship Miss, in 1999 Front Stage, in 2000 Bambera, in 2009 Ninfa del Cielo, in 2014 == Undefeated Triple Crown winners == The following horses won their Triple Crown when still undefeated Those marked with an asterisk retired undefeated Ormonde* (1886), United Kingdom Bahram* (1935), United Kingdom Windsor Slipper (1942), Ireland Camarero (1954), Puerto Rico Gradisco (1960), Venezuela Seattle Slew (1977), United States El Gran Capo (1978), Panama Pikotazo (1980), Mexico Royal Dad (1981), Jamaica Symboli Rudolf (1984), Japan Excelencia (2005), Dominican Republic Deep Impact (2005), Japan Invasor (2005), Uruguay Water Jet (2010), Venezuela Va Bank (2015), Poland == Individual Triple Crown winners == Only two jockeys have won the Triple Crown with different horses (i.e., rode horses to Triple Crowns in different years): Eddie Arcaro (United States: 1941, Whirlaway; 1948, Citation) Emisael Jaramillo (Venezuela: 2005, Polo Grounds; 2007, Taconeo; 2010, Water Jet) At least one other jockey is known to have won all three of a country’s Triple Crown races in the same year on different horses: Luis Contreras (Canada, 2011: Queen’s Plate, Inglorious; Prince of Wales Stakes and Breeders’ Stakes, Pender Harbour) One trainer is known to have accomplished the same feat as Contreras: D. Wayne Lukas (USA, 1995: Kentucky Derby, Thunder Gulch; Preakness Stakes, Timber Country; Belmont Stakes, Thunder Gulch) == Back to back Triple Crown winners (jockeys) == Don Seymour (Canada) 1989 With Approval 1990 Izvestia Javier Santiago (Puerto Rico) 2001 Estrellero 2002 Mediavilla R == Most Triple Crown winners (jockeys) == Winston Grifiths – Jamaica (5) 1981 Royal Dad 1988 Liu Chie Poo 1992 Milligram 2001 I’msatisfied 2002 Simply Magic (filly) Alexis Feliciano – Puerto Rico (3) 1991 Vuelve Candy B 1999 Cherokee Pepper 2011 Don Paco Emisael Jaramillo – Venezuela (3) 2005 Polo Grounds 2007 Taconeo 2010 Water Jet == See also == List of leading Thoroughbred racehorses United States Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing == References ==

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